Ajuga

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Ajuga
Ajuga reptans LC0138.jpg
Common Bugle (Ajuga reptans)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Subfamily: Teucrioideae
Tribe: Ajugeae
Genus: Ajuga
L.(1753)
Type species
Ajuga reptans L.
Synonyms[1][2][3]
  • Abiga Saint-Lager
  • Bugula P. Miller
  • Chamaepitys Hill
  • Moscharia Forssk. 1775 rejected name, not Ruiz & Pav. 1794 conserved name
  • Phleboanthe Tausch
  • Rosenbachia Regel
  • Bulga Kuntze

Ajuga /əˈɡə/,[4] also known as bugleweed,[5] ground pine,[6] carpet bugle, or just bugle, is a genus of 40 speciesannual and perennial herbaceous flowering plants[7]in the mint family Lamiaceae, with most species native to Europe, Asia,[8] and Africa, but also two species in southeastern Australia.[3] They grow to 5–50 cm tall, with opposite leaves.[9]

Species[3]
  1. Ajuga arabica P.H.Davis – Saudi Arabia
  2. Ajuga australis R.Br. - Australia
  3. Ajuga bombycina Boiss. – Aegean Islands, Turkey
  4. Ajuga boninsimae Maxim. – Ogasawara-shoto (Bonin Islands of Japan)
  5. Ajuga brachystemon Maxim. – Uttarakhand, Nepal, northern India
  6. Ajuga campylantha Diels – Yunnan
  7. Ajuga campylanthoides C.Y.Wu & C.Chen – Tibet, central China
  8. Ajuga chamaecistus Ging. ex Benth. – Iran, Aghanistan
  9. Ajuga chamaepitys (L.) Schreb. – central + southern Europe, central + southwestern Asia
  10. Ajuga chasmophila P.H.Davis – Syria
  11. Ajuga ciliata Bunge – China, Korea, Japan
  12. Ajuga davisiana Kit Tan & Yildiz – Turkey
  13. Ajuga decaryana Danguy ex R.A.Clement – Madagascar
  14. Ajuga decumbens Thunb. – decumbent bugle[10] – China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands
  15. Ajuga dictyocarpa Hayata – - China, Vietnam, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands
  16. Ajuga fauriei H.Lév. & Vaniot – Korea
  17. Ajuga flaccida Baker – Madagascar
  18. Ajuga forrestii Diels – China, Tibet, Nepal
  19. Ajuga genevensis L. – central + southern Europe, Caucasus; naturalized in North America
  20. Ajuga grandiflora Stapf – South Australia
  21. Ajuga incisia Maxim – Honshu Island in Japan
  22. Ajuga integrifolia Buch.-Ham. – central + eastern Africa, southern Asia (Saudi Arabia, Iran, India, China, Indonesia, etc.), New Guinea
  23. Ajuga iva (L.) Schreb. – Mediterranean region from Canary Islands and Madeira to Turkey and Palestine
  24. Ajuga japonica Miq. – Japan
  25. Ajuga laxmannii (Murray) Benth. – southeastern Europe from Czech Republic to Greece; Turkey, Caucasus
  26. Ajuga leucantha Lukhoba – Uganda, Zaire, Ethiopia
  27. Ajuga linearifolia Pamp. – China
  28. Ajuga lobata D.Don – China, Nepal, Bhutan, Assam, Myanmar
  29. Ajuga lupulina Maxim. - China, Nepal, Bhutan, Assam
  30. Ajuga macrosperma Wall. ex Benth. – China, Nepal, Bhutan, Assam, northern + eastern India, northern Indochina
  31. Ajuga makinoi Nakai – Honshu Island in Japan
  32. Ajuga mollis Gladkova – Crimea
  33. Ajuga multiflora Bunge – Korean pyramid bugle[10] – China, Korea, Chita region of Siberia, Amur, Primorye
  34. Ajuga nipponensis Makino – China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Taiwan
  35. Ajuga novoguineensis A.J.Paton & R.J.Johns – New Guinea
  36. Ajuga nubigena Diels – Tibet, Sichuan, Yunnan
  37. Ajuga oblongata M.Bieb. – Iraq, Caucasus
  38. Ajuga oocephala Baker – Madagascar
  39. Ajuga ophrydris Burch. ex Benth. – South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho
  40. Ajuga orientalis L. – eastern Mediterranean
  41. Ajuga ovalifolia Bureau & Franch. – China
  42. Ajuga pantantha Hand.-Mazz. – Yunnan
  43. Ajuga parviflora Benth. – Afghanistan, Pakistan, northern India, Nepal
  44. Ajuga piskoi Degen & Bald. – Albania, Yugoslavie
  45. Ajuga postii Briq. – Turkey
  46. Ajuga pygmaea A.Gray – China, Japan, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands
  47. Ajuga pyramidalis L. – central + southern Europe
  48. Ajuga relicta P.H.Davis – Turkey
  49. Ajuga reptans L. – Europe, Algeria, Tunisia, Iran, Turkey, Caucasus; naturalized in New Zealand, North America, and Venezuela
  50. Ajuga robusta Baker – Madagascar
  51. Ajuga salicifolia (L.) Schreb. – Balkans, Crimea, southern Russia, Turkey
  52. Ajuga saxicola Assadi & Jamzad – Iran
  53. Ajuga sciaphila W.W.Sm..- southwestern China
  54. Ajuga shikotanensis Miyabe & Tatew – Japan, Kuril Islands
  55. Ajuga sinuata R.Br. – New South Wales
  56. Ajuga spectabilis Nakai – Korean bugle[10] – Korea
  57. Ajuga taiwanensis Nakai ex Murata – Taiwa, Ryukyu Islands, Philippines
  58. Ajuga tenorii C.Presl in J.S.Presl & C.B.Presl – Italy
  59. Ajuga turkestanica (Regel) Briq. – Tajikistan
  60. Ajuga vesiculifera Herder – Kyrgyzstan
  61. Ajuga vestita Boiss. – Turkey, Iran
  62. Ajuga xylorrhiza Kit Tan – Turkey
  63. Ajuga yesoensis Maxim. ex Franch. & Sav. – Japan
  64. Ajuga zakhoensis Rech.f. – Iraq

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ajuga". Index Nominum Genericorum. International Association for Plant Taxonomy. 1996-02-09. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  2. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) (2004-09-10). "Genus: Ajuga L.". Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  3. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607; OED: "Ajuga"
  5. ^ Bailey, L.H.; Bailey, E.Z.; the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. Macmillan, New York.
  6. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Online, retrieved February 04, 2010
  7. ^ Hay, R. (editor)second edition. 1978. Reader's Digest Encyclopedia of Garden Plants and Flowers The Reader's Digest Association Limited, London
  8. ^ "Ajuga". Flora of China. 
  9. ^ C. F. Leyel. Compassionate Herbs. Faber and Faber Limited. 
  10. ^ a b c English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 345. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Retrieved 24 December 2016 – via Korea Forest Service.