Shiromani Akali Dal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Akali Dal)
Jump to: navigation, search
Shiromani Akali Dal
ਸ਼੍ਰੋਮਣੀ ਅਕਾਲੀ ਦਲ
Founded December 14, 1920; 93 years ago (1920-12-14)
Headquarters Block #6, Madhya Marg Sector 28,
Chandigarh - 160019
Youth wing Youth Akali Dal (Badal)
Ideology Sikhism
Colours Orange
Alliance National Democratic Alliance
Seats in Lok Sabha
4 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
3 / 245
Seats in Legislative Assembly Punjab
56 / 117
Seats in Legislative Assembly Delhi
1 / 70
Election symbol
Weighing Balance (ਤੱਕੜੀ)
Website
http://www.shiromaniakalidal.org.in
Politics of India
Political parties
Elections

The Shiromani Akali Dal (Akali Dal, Punjabi: ਸ਼੍ਰੋਮਣੀ ਅਕਾਲੀ ਦਲ translation: Supreme Akali Party) is a Sikhism-centric political party in India. There are a large number of parties with the name "Shiromani Akali Dal". The party recognized as "Shiromani Akali Dal" by the Election Commission of India is the one led by Sukhbir Singh Badal. It controls Sikh religious bodies Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee, Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee and is the largest and most influential Sikh political party worldwide. The basic philosophy of Akali Dal (Badal) is to give political voice to Sikh issues and it believes that religion and politics go hand in hand.

History[edit]

Akali Dal was formed on December 20, 1920 as a task force of the Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee, the Sikh religious body. The Akali Dal considers itself the principal representative of Sikhs. Sardar Sarmukh Singh Chubbal was the first president of a unified proper Akali Dal, but it became popular under Master Tara Singh. The party launched the Punjabi Suba movement, demanding a state with majority of Punjabi speaking people, out of undivided East Punjab under the leadership of Sant Fateh Singh. In 1966, the present Punjab was formed. Akali Dal came to power in the new Punjab, but early governments didn't live long due to internal conflicts and power struggles within the party. Later, party strengthened and party governments completed full term.

Present Political Position[edit]

The current Punjab government is formed by Akali Dal in partnership with its regional and national ally Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). It has 56 members in Punjab Legislative Assembly and combined with 12 of BJP, forms a majority government. Party patron and ex-president Parkash Singh Badal is the Chief Minister of Punjab and the party president Sukhbir Singh Badal is deputy-chief minister. The party has 4 members in the Lok Sabha. Party's main political opponent is Indian National Congress.In the recent Delhi Assembly elections it won 1 seats.

Party Presidents[edit]

Following is the list of presidents of the party as given on party website.

Punjab Chief Minister belonging to Akali Dal[edit]

  • Gurnam Singh (8 March 1967 – 25 November 1967, 17 February 1969 – 27 March 1970)
  • Lachhman Singh Gill (25 November 1967 – 23 August 1968)
  • Parkash Singh Badal (27 March 1970 – 14 June 1971, 20 June 1977 – 17 February 1980, 12 February 1997 – 26 February 2002, 1 March 2007 – Present)
  • Surjit Singh Barnala (29 September 1985 – 11 June 1987)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Harjinder Singh Dilgeer. Sikh Twareekh. Sikh University Press, Belgium, 2007. 5 volumes (Punjabi)
  • Harjinder Singh Dilgeer. Sikh History. Sikh University Press, Belgium, 2010-11. 10 volumes
  • Harjinder Singh Dilgeer. Shiromani Akali Dal (1920-2000). Sikh University Press, Belgium, 2001.

External links[edit]