Shiromani Akali Dal

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This article is about the Shiromani Akali (Badal) which is recognised by the Election Commission of India as the Shiromani Akali Dal. For other uses, see Shiromani Akali Dal (disambiguation).
Shiromani Akali Dal
ਸ਼੍ਰੋਮਣੀ ਅਕਾਲੀ ਦਲ
President Sukhbir Singh Badal
Founded 14 December 1920
Headquarters Block #6, Madhya Marg
Sector 28, Chandigarh
Student wing Student Organisation of India President=Samarjeet Singh Mann (Sri Ganganagar)[1] (SOI)[2]
Youth wing Youth Akali Dal
Ideology Sikhism
Punjabi Nationalism[4]
Political position Right-wing[5]
Colours Orange
ECI Status State Party[6]
Alliance National Democratic Alliance
Seats in Lok Sabha
4 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
3 / 245
Election symbol
Weighing Balance

The Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD), Punjabi: ਸ਼੍ਰੋਮਣੀ ਅਕਾਲੀ ਦਲ translation: Supreme Akali Party) is a Sikhism-centric political party in India. There are a large number of parties with the name "Shiromani Akali Dal". The party recognised as "Shiromani Akali Dal" by the Election Commission of India is the one led by Sukhbir Singh Badal. It controls Sikh religious bodies Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee, Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee and is the largest and most influential Sikh political party worldwide. The basic philosophy of Akali Dal is to give political voice to Sikh issues and it believes that religion and politics go hand in hand.


Further information: Akali movement

Akali Dal was formed on 14 December 1920 as a task force of the Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee, the Sikh religious body. The Akali Dal considers itself the principal representative of Sikhs. Sardar Sarmukh Singh Chubbal was the first president of a unified proper Akali Dal, but it became popular under Master Tara Singh. The party launched the Punjabi Suba movement, demanding a state with majority of Punjabi speaking people, out of undivided East Punjab under the leadership of Sant Fateh Singh. In 1966, the present Punjab was formed. Akali Dal came to power in the new Punjab, but early governments didn't live long due to internal conflicts and power struggles within the party. Later, party strengthened and party governments completed full term.

Present political position[edit]

The current,'Bold text' Punjab government is formed by Akali Dal in partnership with its regional and national ally Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). It has 59 members in Punjab Legislative Assembly and combined with 12 of BJP, forms a majority government. Akali Dal has absolute majority since 2015.[7] Party patron and ex-president Parkash Singh Badal is the Chief Minister of Punjab and the party president Sukhbir Singh Badal is deputy-chief minister. The party has 4 members in the Lok Sabha. Party's main political opponent is Indian National Congress. In the recent Delhi Assembly elections it did not retain the one seat it held in 2013 elections.

Party presidents[edit]

Following is the list of presidents of the party as given on party website.

Punjab Chief Minister belonging to Akali Dal[edit]

See also[edit]


  • Harjinder Singh Dilgeer. Sikh Twareekh. Sikh University Press, Belgium, 2007. 5 volumes (Punjabi)
  • Harjinder Singh Dilgeer. Sikh History. Sikh University Press, Belgium, 2010-11. 10 volumes
  • Harjinder Singh Dilgeer. Shiromani Akali Dal (1920-2000). Sikh University Press, Belgium, 2001.

External links[edit]