Akananda and Bakananda

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Akananda and Bakananda (Bengali: অকানন্দ ও বকানন্দ, মতান্তরে আকানন্দ ও বাকানন্দ) were the Bengali Hindu generals of Hatiagarh, who mortally wounded Arab missionary Pir Gorachand in a pitched battle.[1][2][3][4]

Early life[edit]

Little is known about the early life of the princes Akananda and Bakananda. Satish Chandra Mitra however identified Akananda with his apparently uncorrupted name viz. Akshayananda.[1] Akananda and Bakananda were the sons of Mahidananda, the ruler of Hatiagarh. According to Dr. Girindranath Das, Akananda and Bakananda were two generals based at Hatiagarh, under the command of king Chandraketu.[3] According to Binay Ghosh, Akananda and Bakananda were either Poundra Kshatriyas or Byagra Kshatriyas by caste.[4]

Resistance to Arab missionaries[edit]

In the middle of the 14th century, an Arab missionary named Syed Abbas Ali arrived in lower Bengal with a team of 21 auliyas and other mercenaries. At Balanda, near Deganga in present North 24 Parganas district the missionaries started his charity work among the oppressed lower caste people and achieved huge popularity among them in a short while. At this time lower caste people ware oppressed by upper caste brahmins which led to mass conversions to Islam . There was a cruel religious program in every year 'Sacrifice one young boy before the God' from the lower cast people.Though this was a cruel religious program but no body from the lower cast can't rise voice against this cruel program. The missionary Sayed Abbas Ali rise strong voice against the cruel system along with the oppressed lower cast common people. This was a big insult to the Brahmin & king Chandraketu so they send Akananda and Bakananda, the princes of Hatiagarh. A pitched battle ensued between them in the battle, Akananda mortally wounded Gorachand with a sharp arrow.[3][4] According to Dr. Girindranath Das, both Akananda and Bakananda died in the battle.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mitra, Satish Chandra. Jashor Khulnar Itihash Volume I. Deys Publishing, p. 482.
  2. ^ "Lal Masjid - The Red Mosque". www.historyofbengal.com. Retrieved February 20, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c Chakraborty, Dr. Barun Kumar (ed) (2007). Bangiya Loksanskriti Kosh. Aparna Book Distributors (Publishing Division), p. 143.
  4. ^ a b c Ghosh, Binay (1980). Paschimbanger Sanskriti Volume III. Prakash Bhavan, p. 168.