Akashi, Hyōgo

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Akashi
明石市
Akashi Planetarium
Akashi CastleOkura beach
Uonotani MarketHayashizaki fisging port
Flag of Akashi
Official seal of Akashi
Location of Akashi in Hyōgo Prefecture
Akashi in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Akashi is located in Japan
Akashi
Akashi
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°39′N 135°0′E / 34.650°N 135.000°E / 34.650; 135.000Coordinates: 34°39′N 135°0′E / 34.650°N 135.000°E / 34.650; 135.000
CountryJapan
RegionKansai
PrefectureHyōgo
Government
 • MayorFusaho Izumi (from May 2011)
Area
 • Total49.42 km2 (19.08 sq mi)
Population
 (May 1, 2022)
 • Total304,274
 • Density6,200/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address1-5-1 Nakasaki, Akashi-shi, Hyōgo-ken 673-8686
ClimateCfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
FlowerChrysanthemums
TreeSweet Osmanthus
Akashi
Japanese name
Kanji明石市
Hiraganaあかしし
Katakanaアカシシ
Akashi City Hall
Akashi fromAkashi Castle

Akashi (明石市, Akashi-shi) is a city in southern Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 May 2022, the city had an estimated population of 304,274 in 135,323 households and a population density of 6,200 people per km².[1]The total area of the city is 49.42 square kilometres (19.08 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Akashi located in southern Hyōgo prefecture, and is a long and narrow municipality along the Seto Inland Sea. It is separated from Awaji Island by Harima Bay; however, the terminus of the Akashi Kaikyō Bridge, which connects Honshu to Awaji Island and to Shikoku, is not in Akashi but in Tarumi-ku, Kōbe. The 135th meridian east line that determines Japan Standard Time passes though the city.

Neighbouring municipalities[edit]

Hyōgo Prefecture

Climate[edit]

Akashi has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool to cold winters. Precipitation is significantly higher in summer than in winter, though on the whole lower than in most parts of Honshū, and there is no significant snowfall. The average annual temperature in Akashi is 15.9 °C (60.6 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,156.6 mm (45.54 in) with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.7 °C (81.9 °F), and lowest in January, at around 5.2 °C (41.4 °F).[2] The highest temperature ever recorded in Akashi was 37.2 °C (99.0 °F) on 13 August 2019; the coldest temperature ever recorded was −4.3 °C (24.3 °F) on 30 January 2003.[3]

Climate data for Akashi (1992−2020 normals, extremes 1992−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
18.1
(64.6)
22.1
(71.8)
27.4
(81.3)
29.4
(84.9)
33.4
(92.1)
36.3
(97.3)
37.2
(99.0)
34.9
(94.8)
30.7
(87.3)
25.2
(77.4)
22.4
(72.3)
37.2
(99.0)
Average high °C (°F) 9.1
(48.4)
9.5
(49.1)
12.5
(54.5)
17.4
(63.3)
22.2
(72.0)
25.6
(78.1)
29.4
(84.9)
31.5
(88.7)
28.3
(82.9)
23.0
(73.4)
17.2
(63.0)
11.7
(53.1)
19.8
(67.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
5.6
(42.1)
8.5
(47.3)
13.3
(55.9)
18.2
(64.8)
22.0
(71.6)
25.9
(78.6)
27.7
(81.9)
24.3
(75.7)
18.7
(65.7)
12.9
(55.2)
7.7
(45.9)
15.8
(60.5)
Average low °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
1.7
(35.1)
4.4
(39.9)
9.3
(48.7)
14.6
(58.3)
19.0
(66.2)
23.4
(74.1)
24.9
(76.8)
20.8
(69.4)
14.6
(58.3)
8.7
(47.7)
3.7
(38.7)
12.2
(54.0)
Record low °C (°F) −4.3
(24.3)
−4.2
(24.4)
−1.7
(28.9)
0.4
(32.7)
6.5
(43.7)
12.7
(54.9)
17.7
(63.9)
18.8
(65.8)
11.3
(52.3)
5.8
(42.4)
1.5
(34.7)
−2.2
(28.0)
−4.3
(24.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 35.1
(1.38)
50.7
(2.00)
83.6
(3.29)
89.5
(3.52)
115.4
(4.54)
150.5
(5.93)
152.3
(6.00)
86.2
(3.39)
162.6
(6.40)
118.1
(4.65)
59.2
(2.33)
48.7
(1.92)
1,156.6
(45.54)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.0 6.5 8.8 9.0 9.0 10.7 9.7 5.9 9.2 7.6 5.9 5.8 93.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 168.0 153.9 186.3 196.9 205.1 154.2 186.0 239.7 169.3 176.5 161.8 165.4 2,160.3
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[3][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 58,087—    
1925 63,665+9.6%
1930 66,872+5.0%
1935 72,397+8.3%
1940 84,835+17.2%
1945 101,583+19.7%
1950 112,011+10.3%
1955 120,200+7.3%
1960 129,780+8.0%
1965 159,299+22.7%
1970 206,532+29.7%
1975 234,905+13.7%
1980 254,869+8.5%
1985 263,363+3.3%
1990 270,722+2.8%
1995 287,606+6.2%
2000 293,117+1.9%
2005 291,027−0.7%
2010 290,993−0.0%
2015 293,409+0.8%
2020 303,601+3.5%
Akashi population statistics[4]

History[edit]

Akashi is mentioned in a waka (five-line, 31-syllable poem) written by Kakinomoto no Hitomaro in the 7th century and it is the setting for one of the chapters of the 11th-century novel The Tale of Genji. It developed as the castle town of Akashi Domain during the Edo Period, from 1617 to 1871 due to its location dominating the San'yōdō highway connecting the Kinai region with western Japan. The famous swordsman Miyamoto Musashi is claimed to have laid out the design of the castle town. The town of Akashi was established on April 1, 1889 with the creation of the modern municipalities system. It was raised to city status on November 1, 1919. The city annexed the neighboring villages of Hayashizaki on February 11, 1942 and Okubo, Uozumi and Futami on January 10, 1951 to reach its present dimensions. A proposal to merge with the city of Kobe was rejected by a referendum in 1955. The city suffered from the Great Hanshin earthquake of 1995 with 4,839 houses were completely or partially destroyed and nine fatalities.

On July 21, 2001, 11 people were killed and 247 were injured during a stampede after a fireworks show. Five city officials were subsequently convicted of negligence in connection with the incident. [5]

Akashi became a Core city on April 1, 2018 with increased local autonomy.

Government[edit]

Akashi has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 30 members. Akashi contributes four members to the Hyogo Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Hyōgo 9th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan. Akashi is governed by Mayor Fusaho Izumi, an independent.

Economy[edit]

Akashi is located within the Hanshin Industrial Area and Harima Seaside Industrial Area and has succeeded in attracting many companies to its Futami Seaside Industrial Park. the city has long been noted for aviation-related instrumentation manufacturers and electronic component manufacturers. Yamato Scale, a leading global manufacturer of commercial weighing and packaging equipment, is headquartered in the city.[6] Due to its transportation connections and location, numerous bedroom communities have developed for commuters to Kobe and Osaka, which is estimated to exceed 30% of the working population. The city has also been noted since the Edo Period for its production of sake.

Education[edit]

Akashi has 28 public elementary schools, 13 public middle schools and one public high school operated by the city government and seven public high schools operated by the Hyōgo Prefectural Department of Education. There is also one national elementary school. The city also operates one special education school for the handicapped. The nursing school of University of Hyogo is located in Akashi.

The city also has the National Institute of Technology Akashi College (NITAC).[7] (国立明石工業高等専門学校)

The city once had a North Korean school, Akashi Korean Elementary School (明石朝鮮初級学校)[8] and Akashi Junior College (明石短期大学).

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Shinkansen jrw.svg JR WestSan'yō Shinkansen

JR logo (west).svg JR WestSan'yō Main Line (JR Kobe Line)

Sanyo electric railway logo-5.svg Sanyo Electric Railway - Main Line

Highways[edit]

Ferries[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister/friendship cities[edit]

Akashi is twinned with:

Local attractions[edit]

Culture[edit]

Akashi is known for Akashiyaki, a kind of takoyaki particular to the region. Small pieces of octopus (tako) are placed inside a ball-shaped mold containing a mixture of flour and eggs, and this is then fried. Akashiyaki is often eaten by dipping in a thin soup. People who live in Akashi call it "tamagoyaki"(tamago, 玉子 or , literally "egg").

Noted people from Akashi[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Akashi city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  3. ^ a b 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  4. ^ Akashi population statistics
  5. ^ Kyodo News, "Ex-Cop Pleads Not Guilty in Fatal '01 Akashi Crush", Japan Times, 20 January 2012, p. 1.
  6. ^ "Yamato Scale corporate profile". Archived from the original on 6 March 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
  7. ^ https://www.akashi.ac.jp/english/
  8. ^ ウリハッキョ一覧. Chongryon. November 6, 2005. Archived from the original on November 6, 2005. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  9. ^ "Vallejo Sister City". Vallejo Sister City Association. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2013-09-11.
  10. ^ 明石市. "姉妹都市提携50周年記念事業". 明石市 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2021-08-11.
  11. ^ 明石市. "友好都市・無錫市の紹介". 明石市 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2021-08-11.

External links[edit]