Akbar Bugti

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Nawab Akbar Shahbaz Khan Bugti نواب اکبر شہباز بُگٹی
4th Governor of Balochistan
In office
15 February 1973 – 3 January 1974
Preceded byGhaus Bakhsh Bizenjo
Succeeded byAhmad Yar Khan
6th Chief Minister of Balochistan
In office
4 February 1989 – 6 August 1990
Preceded byJam Ghulam Qadir Khan
Succeeded byTaj Muhammad Jamali
19th Tumandar of the Bugti Tribe
Preceded byNawab Mehrab Khan Bugti
Succeeded byNawab Aali Khan Bugti
Personal details
Born(1927-07-12)12 July 1927
Barkhan, Balochistan
Died26 August 2006(2006-08-26) (aged 79)
Kohlu, Balochistan
Political partyJamhoori Watan Party
Spouse(s)Three Marriages: 1st Baloch, 2nd Pashtun & 3rd Persian
ResidenceDera Bugti, Balochistan
ProfessionTumandar of Bugti Tribe, politician
Sardar Muhammad Amin Khan Khoso With Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto And Nawab Akber Khan Bugti

Nawab Akbar Shahbaz Khan Bugti (Urdu: نواب اکبر شہباز خان بُگٹی‎;12 July 1927 – 26 August 2006) was the Tumandar (head) of the Bugti tribe of Baloch people who served as the Minister of State for Interior and Governor of Balochistan Province in Pakistan.[1] He also became minister of state for defence in the cabinet of Feroz Khan Noon. Earlier, he also served as minister of state for interior. [2] It was Feroz Khan Noon's regime when accession of Gwadar took place [3] and it is propagated that Bugti was part of negotiations.

Bugti was involved in a struggle, at times armed, for greater autonomy for Balochistan. The government of Pakistan accused him of keeping a private militia and leading a guerrilla war against the state. On 26 August 2006, Bugti, along with some personnel of the Pakistan army, was killed when his hide-out cave, located in Kohlu, about 150 miles east of Quetta, collapsed after an explosion set off by a Pakistan Army commander, although the Chief of Army Staff at the time, General Pervez Musharraf, claimed that Akbar Bugti was backed into a corner by the Pakistani Army and decided to blow himself up, instead of facing court for the atrocities he committed against rival tribes.[4] His death lead to widespread unrest in the area and a surge in discussion, a polarising figure with both supporters and opponents.

Early life and family[edit]

Nawab Akbar Shahbaz Khan Bugti was born on 12 July 1927 in Barkhan (in present-day Balochistan), the rural home of the Khetran, a Baloch tribe, to which his mother belonged. He was the son of the chief of his tribe, Nawab Mehrab Khan Bugti, and grandson of Sir Shahbaz Khan Bugti. He received his early education from Karachi Grammar School and later from Aitchison College after his father's death. Being the son of the tribe's chief, he became the tumandar (chief) of his tribe after his father. Nawab Akbar Bugti had three wives and thirteen children (6 sons and 7 daughters) altogether. From his first wife: Saleem, Talal, Rehan and Salal Bugti. All four of these sons have died. Nawabzada Salal Bugti was murdered in a shootout in Quetta by the rival Bugti Kalpar sub clan in June 1992. From Nawab Akbar Bugti's second wife: Jamil Bugti. And from Nawab Akbar Bugti's third wife: Shahzwar Bugti. Jamil Bugti and Shahzwar Bugti are the surviving sons of Nawab Akbar Bugti. Akbar Bugti had five daughters from his first wife: Durr-e-Shahwar (deceased), Nilofer, Nazli (deceased), Durdana and Dreen. And two from his second wife: Shahnaz Marri (wife of Nawab Khair Bux Marri's relative, Humayun Marri) and Farah Naz Bugti (wife of Bivragh Bugti, the son of Nawabzada Ahmad Nawaz Bugti who was the brother of Nawab Akbar Bugti), who are the sisters of Jamil Bugti. The Bugti grandchildren consist of Mir Aali (the current Sardar), Taleh, Zamran and Kohmir Bugti (sons of Saleem Bugti), Brahamdagh Bugti (son of Rehan Bugti), Shahzain, Gohram and Chakar Bugti (sons of Talal Bugti).

Balochistan conflict[edit]

Balochistan, the largest province of Pakistan, is abundant in natural resources but due lack of proper development and education to the masses, has become one of the poorest regions of the country.[citation needed] This is largely perceived as injustice by the Baloch people has led to the Baloch people calling for greater share in resources and more autonomy.

Increase in tensions in 2005[edit]

In 2005, Bugti presented a 15-point agenda to the Pakistan government. Their stated demands included greater control of the province's resources and a moratorium on the construction of military bases. It also included a near 50% share of all the money used in the development of the province. In the meantime, attacks against the Pakistan Army also increased in the area, including a 2005 attack on a helicopter, in which the head of Pakistan's Frontier Corps and his deputy were injured.[5]


On 24 August 2006, fighting broke out in Kohlu district, Balochistan, when a pair of army helicopters came under fire and one was hit but landed safely, according to a military spokesman. After another helicopter came under fire in the same area, the army moved in.[6]

On Saturday 26 August 2006, a senior army officer leading the advance set off a mine at the cave entrance, which triggered secondary explosions in the cave, bringing down the entire structure.[6] The collapse resulted in the death of Bugti, 37 armed fighters and 21 soldiers of the Pakistan Army.[7] Military sources originally said that Bugti died in a ground and air operation. Officials gave differing accounts of what happened afterwards and denied that security forces meant to kill him.[8][9]


On 1 September 2006 Bugti was buried in Dera Bugti, with his coffin sealed, next to the graves of his son and brother. His family, who wanted a public funeral in Quetta, did not attend the burial.[10] Some of family members of Akber Bugti and People from Bugti tribe thinks that the dead-body buried in Dera Bugti was not of Akber Bugti . [11]

On 26 September 2010 Abdul Qayyum Khan Jatoi, a senior Pakistan federal minister, criticized and accused the army of killing Baloch leader Nawab Akbar Bugti as well as the Pakistani politician, Benazir Bhutto. He later resigned when his political party summoned him and asked him to explain his comments.[12]

Investigation and prosecution[edit]

On 11 July 2012, a Pakistani anti-terrorism court in Sibi, Balochistan, issued arrest warrants for the former military ruler, Pervez Musharraf and several other high-ranking officials who were accused of involvement in the killing of Akbar Bugti.[13] The other officials included the former Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz, former Interior Minister Aftab Ahmad Sherpao, former Governor of Balochistan Owais Ahmed Ghani, former Chief Minister of Balochistan Jam Mohammad Yousaf, former Provincial Home Minister Shoaib Nosherwani, and former Deputy Commissioner Abdul Samad Lasi. All these were named suspects in the F.I.R. registered by police regarding the killing of Bugti in the military operation.[13] Musharraf was formally arrested by a police team from Balochistan on 13 June 2013, however was later granted bail due to his poor health and ultimately due to non-provision of evidence.[14]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Banerjee, Paula; Chaudhury, Sabyasachi Basu Ray; Das, Samir Kumar; Adhikari, Bishnu (2005). Internal Displacement in South asia: The Relevance of the UN's Guiding Principles. SAGE. ISBN 0-7619-3313-1.
  2. ^ "Nawab Bugti: maligned, but widely respected". DAWN.COM. 2006-08-28. Retrieved 2017-08-28.
  3. ^ "Gwadar's Accession to Pakistan". Pakistan Defence. Retrieved 2017-08-28.
  4. ^ "Tribal Leader's Killing Incites Riots", The New York Times, 28 August 2006.
  5. ^ "Pakistan general hurt in attack", BBC News, 15 December 2005.
  6. ^ a b "Tribal Leader's Killing Incites Riots in Pakistan". The New York Times. 28 August 2006. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  7. ^ "Baloch rebel leader killed". Rediff News. 27 August 2006. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  8. ^ "Lonely burial for Baloch leader". BBC News. 1 September 2006. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
  9. ^ Sattar, Abdul (28 August 2006). "Killing of Pakistani tribal chief sparks fury and fears of war". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
  10. ^ "Lonely burial for Baloch leader". BBC News. 1 September 2006. Archived from the original on 4 October 2006. Retrieved 1 September 2006.
  11. ^ |url=http://nation.com.pk/national/23-Dec-2015/plea-filed-in-atc-seeking-exhumation-of-akbar-bugti-s-grave
  12. ^ "Pakistan minister resigns after accusing army of killings". The Guardian. London. 26 September 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
  13. ^ a b "Pak court issues arrest warrant for Musharraf in Bugti case". The Times of India. 11 July 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  14. ^ "Musharraf formally arrested in Bugti murder case". Retrieved 13 June 2013.


Further reading[edit]

  • Matheson, Sylvia A. The Tigers of Balochistan. London: Arthure Barker Limited (1967). Reprint: Oxford University Press, Karachi (1998), ISBN 0-19-577763-8.

External links[edit]

Video and audio[edit]

Preceded by
Nawab Shahbaz Khan Bugti
Nawab Mehrab Khan Bugti
Tumandar of Bugti Tribe Succeeded by
Nawab Aali Khan Bugti
Political offices
Preceded by
Ghaus Bakhsh Bizenjo
Governor of Balochistan
Succeeded by
Ahmad Yar Khan
Preceded by
Khuda Bux Marri
Chief Minister of Balochistan
Succeeded by
Mir Humayun Khan Marri