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Agbarjin (Agvarjin) or Akbarjin was a khagan claimant of the Northern Yuan dynasty based in Mongolia. He was the youngest brother of Tayisung Khan Toghtoa Bukha.[1]

Tayisung Khan appointed Agbarjin jinong over his ulus in 1433. When Emperor Toghtoa Bukha attempted to eliminate Esen taishi's influence at the court, the Oirats offered Agbarjin the throne of khaganship for his betrayal. Even though the latter's son, Qara-qurtag Duuren taiji, persuaded his father not to accept this offer, the Oirats and Agbarjin attacked and defeated the Khagan, forcing him to flee westward. Tayisung Khagan Toghtoa Bukha was killed by his former father-in-law Tsabdan, whose daughter Altaghana had been banished from the ordo (palace).

The Oirats did not trust him, as he had betrayed his own eldest brother. Soon after the death of the Emperor, Agbarjin was invited by Esen to a banquet. When the former and his entourages arrived, Esen and the Oirat leaders murdered all Borjigin males in his entourage except Qara-qurtag, who fled and was later murdered, either in Moghulistan or Central Siberia.[2] Agbarjin's death paved the way for Esen's enthronement in 1454.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ D. Bandi, A. Gėrėlbat-Emperors and kings of Mongolia, p.28
  2. ^ Alan J. K. Sanders. Historical dictionary of Mongolia, p. xxiv
 Died: 1454
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Tayisung Khan Toghtoa Bukha
Khan of the Northern Yuan dynasty
Succeeded by