Akbayan Citizens' Action Party
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|Chairman||Ana Theresia Hontiveros|
|Slogan||Sa AKBAYAN, Panalo ang Mamamayan! (With AKBAYAN, the People Win!)|
|Headquarters||36-B Madasalin, Sikatuna Village, Quezon City|
|Youth wing||Akbayan! Youth|
Socialism of the 21st century
|International affiliation||Progressive Alliance,
Socialist International (Consultative)
|Colors||Red, Green, Purple|
|Seats in the House of Representatives|
|Politics of Philippines
Akbayan Citizens' Action Party is a democratic socialist party in the Philippines.
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After twenty years of dictatorship under the Marcos regime, formal democracy in the Philippines was restored in 1986 through a broad "people power" movement. This democracy, however, proved to favor only the political and economic elite of the country. The moving force behind the anti-dictatorship struggle – concerned citizens and progressive groups – has been relegated to the periphery of decision-making and policy implementation. In response, social movements, trade union groups, and political organizations have emerged to challenge state policies through lobbying and pressure politics.
Despite the dynamism of Philippine movements, formal institutions of democracy remained in the hands of the few and the wealthy. It was within this context that the idea of building an alternative, a citizens' political party, first emerged. Social movement groups wanted to be part of the formal processes of government. Akbayan was thus conceived as an effort to institutionalize people power and thereby deepen Philippine democracy.
Consultations on the party-building project began in 1994. Throughout the country, pro-democracy groups were enjoined to help shape the party concept and strategy. Aspirations of various sectors – labor, peasants, youth, women, gays and lesbians, professionals, overseas Filipino workers, urban poor – were discussed and consolidated into a program of governance, while ad hoc structures were formed in Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. Four years later, in January 1998, Akbayan was formally established through its Founding National Congress. In May of the same year, the new party tested its strength by participating in the local and party-list elections and won seats in the House of Representatives, and several local government units.
To date, Akbayan claims to pose the most persistent effort from the Philippine progressive community to break the hold of traditional politicians and political parties on Philippine politics.
Akbayan's organizational structure is guided by the principle of internal democracy. 30% of all leadership positions at every level are reserved for women. The basic unit is the Chapter, organized at the barangay, workplace or school level with a minimum of twelve (12) members. A minimum of six (6) Chapters comprise a Section, which is organized at the municipal, city or sitio level. A minimum of three (3) Sections comprise a Division, which is organized at the provincial, highly urbanized city or legislative district level. A minimum of three (3) Divisions comprise an Assembly, which is organized at the regional level. A National Congress is the highest governing and policy-making body and convenes every three years. A National Political Council is the second-highest governing body, consisting of delegates elected by the Party's island groupings: Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao. An Executive Committee is tasked with implementing Congress and Council decisions. National Committees to assist the Executive Committee are: Finance, Education, Legislative, International, Public Information, Women, Policies and Issues. A National Secretariat manages day-to-day affairs.
Legislative Track Record
House bills approved into law
- Republic Act 9189 - The Overseas Absentee Voting Act of 2003
- Republic Act 9481 - Right to Labor Self-Organization Law
- Republic Act 9502 - Cheaper and Quality Medicines Law
- Republic Act 9700 - Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with Reforms (CARPER) Law
- Republic Act 10354 - Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Law
- Republic Act 10368 - Human Rights Victims Reparation and Recognition Act of 2013
Akbayan is only one of two parties (the other is Butil) to win seats in all party list elections in the Philippines. Furthermore, Akbayan is the only party to surpass the 2% election threshold in all elections.
House of Representatives district elections
|Election||Number of votes for Akbayan||Share of votes||Seats||Outcome of election|
|2013||Won 2 seats in the party-list election; Liberal Party-led coalition|
House of Representatives party-list elections
In 2010, Hontiveros ran under the Liberal Party banner.
- In 2013, Hontiveros ran as part of the Team PNoy coalition as an official candidate of Akbayan. Garnering almost 11 million votes, she is so far the only Leftist candidate to gain that unprecedented number of votes.
Representatives to Congress
|Period||1st Representative||2nd Representative||3rd Representative|
- ^1 Resigned last March 16, 2015.
- ^2 Replaced resigned representative Walden Bello, sworn May 13, 2015.
Candidates for 2013 Elections
Risa Hontiveros - Senator
Arlene "Kaka" Bag-ao - District Representative, Dinagat Islands (under Liberal Party)
Walden F. Bello - 1st Nominee, Party-list
Ibarra M. Gutierrez III - 2nd Nominee, Party-list
Angelina Ludovice Katoh - 3rd Nominee, Party-list
Sylvia Estrada Claudio - 4th Nominee, Party-list
Francis Q. Isaac - 5th Nominee, Party-list
Edwin A. Bustillos - 6th Nominee, Party-list
- The Akbayan Narrative, About Us
- A Brief History, About Us
- The overseas Absentee Voting Act of 2003
- Right to Labor Self-Organization Act of 2007
- Cheaper and Quality Medicines Act of 2008
- Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with Reforms (CARPER) Act of 2009
- Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act of 2012
- Human Rights Victims Reparation and Recognition Act of 2013
- "Bello resigns as Akbayan representative, calls Aquino disgraceful". Inquirer News. 2015-03-11. Retrieved 2015-04-08.
- "Akbayan names Bello's replacement in Congress". Rappler.com. 2015-05-13. Retrieved 2015-07-12.