Akbayan

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Akbayan
PresidentMachris Cabreros
ChairmanRisa Hontiveros
Secretary-GeneralKit Melgar
FoundedJanuary 1998
Headquarters36-B Madasalin, Sikatuna Village, Quezon City
Youth wingAkbayan Youth
Membership100,000
IdeologyParticipatory politics
Democratic socialism[1][2]
Social democracy[2]
Political positionCentre-left to left-wing[2]
International affiliationProgressive Alliance
Colors               Red, Green, and Purple
SloganSa Akbayan, Panalo ang Mamamayan! (With Akbayan, the People Win!)
Seats in the Senate
1 / 24
Seats in the House of Representatives
2 / 297
Website
www.akbayan.org.ph

The Akbayan Citizens' Action Party is a democratic socialist[1] and progressive[3] political party in the Philippines. Akbayan is noted to be a leading member of the Democratic Left community in the Philippines[4][2], which consists of moderate leftist groups who are not affiliated with the more extremist Communist Party of the Philippines.[2]

History[edit]

The party was founded by Joel Rocamora in the 1990's, after leaving the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) over ideological differences with its founder and leader, Jose Maria Sison. The CPP leader maintained Marxist-Leninist-Maoist principles, which some members, dubbed "rejectionists" as opposed to CPP's "reaffirmists", disagreed with.[5]

Akbayan has been critical of abuses committed by some members of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) against fellow activists.[6] It has also been critical of the Communist Party of the Philippines – National Democratic FrontNew People's Army's (CPP-NDF-NPA) actions in the countryside especially against peasant groups and communities against the Maoist group's extortion activities. Due to its stance against right-wing extremism (from some elements of the AFP) and from the Extreme Left (CPP-NPA-NDF), Akbayan has been a target by both political groups.[7]

During the administration of former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Akbayan was among the opposition groups which was severely repressed by the government. It was also during this time that because of government intimidation that Akbayan suffered its lowest number of votes in 2007 with just well over 400,000 votes.

Akbayan members protesting granting of bail for former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo for plunder charges

In 2009, Akbayan supported the presidential candidacy of then Senator Benigno Simeon Aquino III. Fueled by the popular discontent with the outgoing administration of former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Aquino won the presidency by a huge margin. This was also the first time that Akbayan was able to breach the 1 million vote mark, its best performance so far. The votes it garnered was 200,000 votes more than the last time it secured three seats in the House of Representatives. However, it failed to secure three seats owing to a Supreme Court decision which ensured that only the leading partylist (Ako Bicol at that time) in the election would secure three seats.

Akbayan mobilization in front of Chinese Consular Office protesting the Chinese's incursions into the Philippines' Exclusive Economic Zone

Akbayan has been noted to oppose the increased incursions of the People's Republic of China (PRC) naval and coast guard vessels into Philippine territorial waters and within the country's 200-nautical mile Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).[8][9]

In 2016, they allied themselves to LP and Magdalo Group, supporting Mar Roxas and Leni Robredo's campaign, criticizing other candidates. After the elections, they joined the Magnificent 7, a group of hardcore Liberal Party members and Magdalo members Gary Alejano. They became critical of several issues, like the Philippine Drug War and TRAIN Law.

Legislative record[edit]

Akbayan members calling for the passage of the CARPER Law
Creative action for the passage of the Reproductive Health Law in 2012
  • Republic Act 9189 – The Overseas Absentee Voting Act of 2003[10]
  • Republic Act 9481 – Right to Labor Self-Organization Law[11]
  • Republic Act 9502 – Cheaper and Quality Medicines Law[12]
  • Republic Act 9700 – Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with Reforms (CARPER) Law[13]
  • Republic Act 10354 – Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Law[14]
  • Republic Act 10351 – Restructuring the Excise Tax on Alcohol and Tobacco or The Sin Tax Law[15]
  • Republic Act 10368 – Human Rights Victims Reparation and Recognition Act of 2013[16]
  • Republic Act 10667 – Philippine Competition Act[17]
  • Republic Act 10028 – Expanded Breastfeeding Promotion Law[18]
  • Republic Act 10742 – Sangguniang Kabataan Reform Law
  • Republic Act 10643 – Graphic Health Warning Law[19]
  • Republic Act 10932 - Anti-Hospital Deposit Act[20]
  • Republic Act 11036 - Mental Health Act[21]
  • Republic Act 11166 - HIV and AIDS Policy Act of 2018[22]

Electoral performance[edit]

Akbayan is only one of two parties (the other is Butil) to win seats in all party list elections in the Philippines. Furthermore, Akbayan is the only party to surpass the 2% election threshold in all elections, until the 2016 election where they fell short by 0.12%.

House of Representatives party-list elections[edit]

Election Votes % Seats
1998 232,376 2.54% 1
2001 377,852 2.50% 1
2004 852,473 6.70% 3
2007 466,112 2.92% 2
2010 1,058,691 3.50% 2
2013 827,405 3.02% 2
2016 608,449 1.88% 1

Representatives to Congress[edit]

Period 1st Representative 2nd Representative 3rd Representative
11th Congress
1998–2001
Loretta Ann P. Rosales
   
12th Congress
2001–2004
Dr. Mario J. Aguja
13th Congress
2004–2007
Risa Hontiveros
14th Congress
2007–2010
Risa Hontiveros
Walden Bello
 
15th Congress
2010–2013
Walden Bello
Kaka Bag-ao
16th Congress
2013–2016
Walden Bello1
Angelina Ludovice-Katoh2
Barry Gutierrez
 
17th Congress
2016–2019
Tomasito Villarin
 
^1 Resigned last March 16, 2015.[23]
^2 Replaced resigned representative Walden Bello, sworn May 13, 2015.[24]

Candidates for 2013 elections[edit]

  • Risa Hontiveros – Senator
  • Arlene "Kaka" Bag-ao – District Representative, Dinagat Islands (under Liberal Party)
  • Walden F. Bello – 1st Nominee, Party-list
  • Ibarra M. Gutierrez III – 2nd Nominee, Party-list
  • Angelina Ludovice Katoh – 3rd Nominee, Party-list
  • Sylvia Estrada Claudio – 4th Nominee, Party-list
  • Francis Q. Isaac – 5th Nominee, Party-list
  • Edwin A. Bustillos – 6th Nominee, Party-list

Candidates for 2016 elections[edit]

  • Risa Hontiveros – Senator
  • Tomasito Villarin – 1st Nominee, Partylist
  • Barry Gutierrez III – 2nd Nominee, Partylist 1
  • Angelina Katoh – 3rd Nominee, Partylist
  • Rafaela Mae David – 4th Nominee, Partylist
  • Doris Obena – 5th Nominee, Partylist
  • Mylene Hega – 6th Nominee, Partylist
  • Cenon Nolasco – 7th Nominee, Partylist
  • Pat Ibay – Councilor (District 1, Pasay City)
  • Ileana Ibay – Councilor (District 2, Pasay City)
  • Alvin Dizon – Councilor (District 1, Cebu City) 2
  • Bañes, Sergio Jr. – Councilor (Estancia, Iloilo)
  • Chu, Edgar – Councilor (Estancia, Iloilo)
^1 also the spokesperson of Koalisyon ng Daang Matuwid
^2 ran under the Liberal Party (LP)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Artemio, Guillermo (2012). Historical Dictionary of the Philippines. Scarecrow Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-8108-7246-2.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Southeast Asia In The New International Era". 2016. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
  3. ^ "About Akbayan - Akbayan Party List". akbayan.org.ph. Retrieved 2018-07-27.
  4. ^ "Llamas hits Reds' tag on 'democratic left'". philstar.com. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  5. ^ "???????????????????????????????????????? Clash between Akbayan and Anakbayan | Philstar.com". philstar.com. Retrieved 2018-07-27.
  6. ^ "Akbayan feels Esperon praise a left-handed compliment". Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  7. ^ "Akbayan chides Bayan Muna & affiliates for falling into the AFP's 'divide & rule' strategy : Indybay". Indybay. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  8. ^ "Philippine Party says China violated its seas : Indybay". Indybay. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  9. ^ Rodel Rodis. "Are Filipinos united against China's invasion of Ayungin?". Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  10. ^ "R.A. 9189". Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  11. ^ "R.A. 9481". Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  12. ^ "R.A. 9502". Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  13. ^ "R.A. 9700". Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  14. ^ "Republic Act No. 10354". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  15. ^ http://www.lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra2012/ra_10351_2012.html
  16. ^ "Republic Act No. 10368". Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  17. ^ No more 'business as usual' as Competition bill nears enactment – Akbayan Party List
  18. ^ http://www.lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra2010/ra_10028_2010.html
  19. ^ http://www.gov.ph/2014/07/15/republic-act-no-10643/
  20. ^ https://www.rappler.com/nation/169911-senate-approves-stiffer-penalties-hospitals-demanding-deposits
  21. ^ https://www.rappler.com/nation/205425-duterte-signs-mental-health-law-services-philippines
  22. ^ https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2019/01/11/1884227/who-philippines-lauds-passage-new-law-hiv-aids
  23. ^ "Bello resigns as Akbayan representative, calls Aquino disgraceful". Inquirer News. 2015-03-11. Retrieved 2015-04-08.
  24. ^ "Akbayan names Bello's replacement in Congress". Rappler.com. 2015-05-13. Retrieved 2015-07-12.

External links[edit]