The town centre (darkgreen) and the statistical district (lightgreen) of Akersloot in the municipality of Castricum.
|Population||5,066 (1 January 2,006)|
Akersloot is a town in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Castricum, and lies about 9 km south of Alkmaar. Until 1 January 2002, Akersloot was a separate municipality.
In 2001, the town of Akersloot had 4347 inhabitants. The built-up area of the town was 0.81 km², and contained 1657 residences. The wider statistical area of Akersloot has a population of around 5080. This includes the hamlets Starting and Klein Dorregeest south of Akersloot, and Boekel to the north.
The oldest name for Akersloot was Axmericota, meaning "Oak Forest at the Sea".
In the years between 1250 and 1400, Akersloot gained the title "capital village of Kennemerland". Limmen was the second village in Kennermerland in prestige. In 1276 the people of Akersloot regained their rights and privileges from Count Floris V due to their bravery in the struggle against the Frisians. These privileges were removed by their former lord, the count of Holland, in the early 13th century because they rebelled against him.
Akersloot was razed in October 1573 by retreating Spaniards after the siege of Alkmaar. Several residences and other buildings were burnt to ashes.
After the 80-year war trade bloomed. Even seafaring and fishery was part of the Akersloot economy.
The Akersloot of today was isolated for a long time. Communication with the outer world was maintained through salon boats of the Alkmaar Packet. After the liberation good bus connections gradually emerged. Akersloot gained a yachting harbor, which now is one of the major ones on the Alkmaardermeer.
- J. Kuyper, Gemeente Atlas van Nederland, 1865-1870, "Akersloot". Map of the former municipality in 1868.
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