Akhalgori

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Akhalgori (ახალგორი)
Leningor (Rus.Ленингор), Leningori
Town
Akhalgori3.jpg
Town Akhalgori
Name origin: "new Gori" from Georgian. (Leningor named after Vladimir Lenin)
Nickname: Akhalgori
Country Georgia (South Ossetia[1])
Region Mtskheta-Mtianeti
District Akhalgori district/Leningor district
Elevation 788 m (2,585 ft)
Coordinates 42°06′08″N 44°29′11″E / 42.10222°N 44.48639°E / 42.10222; 44.48639Coordinates: 42°06′08″N 44°29′11″E / 42.10222°N 44.48639°E / 42.10222; 44.48639
Area 1,011 km2 (390 sq mi)
Population 3.000 Nearest studies were initiated (8.000 in Municipality)
Climate Warm, cold Climate
Location of Akhalgori City

Akhalgori (Georgian: ახალგორი, Ossetian: Ленингор) is a town in South Ossetia,[1] Georgia. The name Akhalgori is the original historical name of the town used by the Georgians and officials, whereas Leningori is the name given to the city in the Soviet era and used by the South Ossetians. The town is situated on the banks of the River Ksani, height above sea level - 800 m.

History[edit]

The village of Akhalgori was first mentioned in the 18th century by Prince Vakhushti of Kartli in his work The Geographic Description of Georgia.[2] The name derives from the Georgian words meaning "new" (ახალი/akhali) and "hill" or "mountain" (გორა/gora).[2] Before Sovietization of Georgia in 1921, Akhalgori was the residence of Georgian Noble Eristavi Duce. During the Soviet era it was part of the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast and was called Leningori (Ленингори; ლენინგორი) after Vladimir Lenin.[2] It was renamed Akhalgori by the Georgian SSR government at the end of 1990.

Control over the town[edit]

During the 1991–1992 South Ossetia War the town remained under Georgian jurisdiction after most of South Ossetia broke away from the central government's control. It came under the control of South Ossetian secessionist authorities as a result of the 2008 Russo-Georgian War[3] on August 17, 2008.[4] Subsequently, the government of South Ossetia has renamed the town to Leningor.[5]

Before the conflict, Akhalgori district had a population of 7,700, with approximately 2,000 living in the town itself. The largest villages were Ikorta, Korinta, Qanchaveti, Kvemo Zakhori, Largvisi, Doretkari, and Karchokhi. The population was primarily Georgian (6,520) and Ossetian (1,110) with good relations between the two communities.[6] Currently Akhalgori as well as South Ossetia are controlled by Russian forces and South Ossetian militia.

Town's position in administrative subdivision makeup[edit]

Industry and commerce[edit]

Akhalgori is home to the Lomisi brewery, owned by the Turkish company Efes Beverage Group, which is the primary employer of the town.

Notables[edit]

Eristavi Noble family

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b South Ossetia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider South Ossetia de jure a part of Georgia's territory.
  2. ^ a b c Pospelov, p. 29
  3. ^ Civil.ge, Sides Warn of ‘Tensions’ in Akhalgori, 25.08.2008
  4. ^ Осетины заявили о захвате грузинами села в непризнанной республике on Lenta.ru
  5. ^ {{Country data {{{1}}} | flaglink/core | variant = | size = | name = | altlink = national rugby union team | altvar = rugby union}} Осетины заявили о захвате грузинами села в непризнанной республике, Lenta.ru, 25 août 2008.
  6. ^ Catchpole, Dan (2008-10-16). "Talks, Russian forces pause in Georgia". The Washington Times. Retrieved 2008-10-17. 

Sources[edit]

  • Е. М. Поспелов (Ye. M. Pospelov). "Имена городов: вчера и сегодня (1917–1992). Топонимический словарь." (City Names: Yesterday and Today (1917–1992). Toponymic Dictionary.) Москва, "Русские словари", 1993.

External links[edit]