Akhlaqur Rahman Kidwai

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Akhlaq Ur Rehman Kidwai
13th Governor of Haryana
In office
7 July 2004 – 27 July 2009
Chief MinisterOm Prakash Chautala
Bhupinder Singh Hooda
Preceded byO.P. Verma
Succeeded byJagannath Pahadia
Governor of Rajasthan
(Additional Charge)
In office
21 June 2007 – 6 September 2007
Chief MinisterVasundhara Raje
Preceded byPratibha Patil
Succeeded byShilendra Kumar Singh
15th Governor of West Bengal
In office
27 April 1998 – 18 May 1999
Chief MinisterJyoti Basu
Preceded byK. V. Raghunatha Reddy
Succeeded byShyamal Kumar Sen
10th Governor of Bihar
In office
14 August 1993 – 26 April 1998
Chief MinisterLalu Prasad Yadav
Rabri Devi
Preceded byMohammad Shafi Qureshi
Succeeded bySunder Singh Bhandari
In office
20 September 1979 – 15 March 1985
Chief MinisterRam Sunder Das
Jagannath Mishra
Chandrashekhar Singh
Bindeshwari Dubey
Preceded byJagannath Kaushal
Succeeded byPendekanti Venkatasubbaiah
Personal details
Born(1921-07-01)1 July 1921
Baragaon, Barabanki, United Provinces, British India
(now in Uttar Pradesh, India)
Died24 August 2016(2016-08-24) (aged 95)
New Delhi, India
SpouseJamila Kidwai (deceased)
EducationJamia Millia Islamia
University of Illinois
Cornell University
ReligionSunni Islam

Akhlaq Ur Rehman Kidwai (1 July 1921 – 24 August 2016) was an Indian chemist and politician. He served as governor of the states of Bihar, West Bengal and Haryana. He was a member of the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian parliament, from 1999 to 2004. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India's second highest civilian award.

Early life and education[edit]

He was born in 1921 in Baragaon village of Barabanki district in Uttar Pradesh to father, late Ashfaqur Rehman Kidwai and mother, late Nasim-un-nisa.[1][2] He was married to the late Jamila Kidwai, and had six children, two sons and four daughters.

He studied BA at Jamia Millia Islamia University, 1940, M.Sc. at University of Illinois, US, 1948 and PhD at Cornell University, US, 1950.[2]

Political and public career[edit]

Dr. Kidwai started his professional career as the Professor and head of Department of Chemistry and Dean of Faculty of Science at Aligarh Muslim University, India. Kidwai then went on to become the Chairman of Union Public Service Commission-UPSC, Government of India from 1974 to 1977. He was Governor of Bihar twice, from 1979 to 1985 and 1993 to 1998 and Governor of West Bengal from 1998 to 1999.[1][2]

In addition, he was Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, from 1983 to 1991[2] and has also been the director of the Jammu & Kashmir Bank.[3]

Kidwai was a member of the Rajya Sabha from January 1999 to July 2004. He was the Governor of Haryana from 7 July 2004 to 27 July 2009.[1] After Pratibha Patil's resignation as Governor of Rajasthan in June 2007, he was asked to take over that position as well,[4] serving as Governor of the state until S. K. Singh took office on 6 September 2007.[5]

In addition to his political career, he has been a champion for promoting research and development and elevating the status of women by education and self-reliance. He served as the chairman of the Institute of Marketing and Management, New Delhi and President of Vocational Education Society for Women.[citation needed]

Dr. Kidwai served as a member of the following national committees, organizations and institutions:[1]

  • National Committee on Science and Technology, 1968–75.
  • Perspective Science and Technology Plan Committee of the Department of Science and Technology and the Planning Commission.
  • Council and the Governing Body of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) 1970–73.
  • Board of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and Governing Bodies of Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow and Central Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad.
  • Regional Imbalances Enquiry Commission, Jammu and Kashmir State, 1979.
  • State Planning Board and Heavy Industries Plan Committees, Government of Uttar Pradesh.
  • University Grants Commission (UGC) and Chairman of the Central Universities Review Committee, 1985–86.
  • Central Advisory Board of Education.
  • Central Council of Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).
  • Committee on New Education Policy, 1986 and Chairman of its Sub-Committee on Non-Formal Methods of Education.
  • Member and Patron Delhi Public School Society (1968-continued).
  • Honorary Fellow of the Institution of Engineers, India.
  • Chairman, Review Committee on Unani Medicine, Ministry of Health, Government of India.
  • Chairman, Selection Board of Scientists Pool (1968–79).
  • Chairman of the Board of Assessment of Educational and Technical Qualification for Employment, Ministry of Education, Government of India (1967–79).
  • The American, British and Indian Chemical Societies.
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Awards and honors[edit]

On January 25, 2011, Kidwai was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India's second highest civilian award.[3] The award was for his contribution towards Public Affairs.[6]


He died on August 24, 2016 in New Delhi after prolonged illness at the old age of 95.[7]


  1. ^ a b c d Biographical information on Kidwai Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, legislativebodiesinindia.gov.in
  2. ^ a b c d Biographical information on Kidwai Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine, governor.bih.nic.in
  3. ^ a b A R Kidwai chosen for Padma Vibhushan Archived 8 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Oneindia news, Tuesday, January 25, 2011, 22:01 [IST]
  4. ^ "Pratibha Patil`s resignation accepted", zeenews.com, 22 June 2007.
  5. ^ "S.K. Singh takes oath as Governor of Rajasthan" Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine, PTI (The Hindu), September 6, 2007.
  6. ^ List of Padma Awardees, Online edition of The Hindu Newspaper, Wednesday, Jan 26, 2011
  7. ^ "PM, Sonia, CMs condole A.R. Kidwai’s death | The Indian Awaaz". theindianawaaz.com. Retrieved on 25 August 2016.
Preceded by
Union Deputy Minister, Railways
1974 – 1976
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Union Deputy Minister, Commerce
1976 – 1977
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Justice K.B.N. Singh (acting)
Governor of Bihar
1979 – 1985
Succeeded by
Preceded by Governor of Bihar
1993 – 1998
Succeeded by