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Akhnoor Fort
Akhnoor is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Akhnoor is located in India
Location in Jammu and Kashmir
Coordinates: 32°52′N 74°44′E / 32.87°N 74.73°E / 32.87; 74.73Coordinates: 32°52′N 74°44′E / 32.87°N 74.73°E / 32.87; 74.73
Country  India
State Jammu and Kashmir
District Jammu
Elevation 301 m (988 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 11,225
 • Official Urdu
 • Secondary official Dogri
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 181201
Telephone code 91 1924
Website www.akhnoor.nic.in

Akhnoor (Hindi: अखनूर; Urdu: اخنور‎) is an archeological site and Municipal Committee in Jammu district in the state of Jammu & Kashmir, India. It is located at a distance of 28 km from Jammu, in the foothills of the Himalayas. The town is located on the banks of the Chenab River. The Akhnoor is divided into three Administrative Sub-Divisions - Akhnoor, Chowki Choura & Khour; Seven Tehsils - Akhnoor Khaas, Chowki Choura, Maira Mandrian, Jourian, Kharah Balli, Khour & Pargwal. Akhnoor is also divided into three Education Zones of Akhnoor, Khour & Chowki Choura.


The place is believed to be the ancient city of Virat Nagar mentioned in the Mahabarata[1][2] however, Bairat, a town in northern Jaipur district of Rajasthan is more established as the ancient Virat Nagar.[3][4] The place is one of the most important historical sites in Jammu and Kashmir. Excavations by the Archaeological Survey of India have established the fact that Akhnoor was one of the last bastion of the Harappan Civilization and Manda,Akhnoor is the northern most site of the Harrappan Civilisation. Terracotta figures and other anthropological objects belonging to the later Harrappan period have been found during the excavations.Beyond Akhnoor, towards the upper hilly area that joins Sivalik Hills, there has been no trace of any object that could show that Harappans moved any further beyond this town.

Excavations at Ambaran-Pamberwan sites have proved that the place was a prominent abode of Buddhism during the Kushan period and Gupta period. Apart from an ancient an eight-spoke Stupa (a mound-like structure containing Buddhist relics, made of high quality baked bricks and surrounded by stone pathways, meditation cells and rooms),[5] life sized Terracotta busts of Buddha and coins belonging to those periods were also excavated from the sites.[6] The 14th Dalai Lama visited the place in August, 2012. Buddhist relics from the Pre-Kushan reign and silver caskets, gold and silver leaves, pearls, corals and three copper coins from the Gupta period are reported to be found.[7][8] The location of the Stupas is such that it lies on the ancient routes from Pataliputra, now in present-day Patna, Bihar in India to Taxila now in Punjab Province, Pakistan.

Among other find of historical importance that indicates the place inhabited by people pre-dominantly belonging to Hinduism is the green coloured Trimurti idol made up of a single stone at Ambarran Village.[citation needed]


The town is considered the place where Pandavas had to hide themselves from Kauravas during their period of Agyaatwaas. A popular story of how Virat Nagar became Akhnoor is that when Mughal emperor Jahangir died on his way back from Kashmir at Sarai Sadabad in the year 1627 C.E. There were speculations of revolt in the Mughal Empire by his sons for the crown, to overcome the revolt it was necessary to keep his death a secret. His body was preserved in Chingus & the entrails were removed and buried in the Chingus Fort near Rajouri . The body was then transferred to Lahore to be buried in Shahdara Bagh, a suburb of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. When they were going to cross the Chenab river in Akhnoor, Jehangir's corpse fell in the boat. Seeing this Nur Jahan shed tears. That is how this place got the name Akhnoor which is often summarized in the Local folklore as Jahan Girey Noor Jahan ki Aankhon ke Noor, Wahan basa Shehar Akhnoor i.e. The Place where tears from the eyes (Ankh) of Noor Jahan fell is the place Akhnoor. Varoous signboards installed by the Indian Army connects the two myths as one can find two of them with one reading Gulistan bana rahega Noorjahan ki ankhoon ka noor Akhnoor referring to the latter while another board reads Aao Pandavon ki Tapobhumi ko hara bhara banaye pointing towards the former. Akhnoor has historical places to visit such as 'Kapaian di baan' built by Kapahi Royal Family of Kashmir near Kotli Tanda, Akhnoor. Near Chowki Choura City there is a famous Mahakali Temple at Godhar Village where devotees perform puja especially on Tuesday.

Another narrative goes like this : The town was named Akhnoor by Mughal Emperor Jahangir who once visited the area and the fort on the advice of a saint when his eyes got infected while returning from Kashmir. Amazingly, Jahangir’s eyes were fully cured by the fresh air of the town blowing over the Chenab. He called the town Aankho-Ka-Noor (light of the eyes) and since then the place came to be known Akhnoor.[9] However a contrasting narrative as copied from the official site of Akhnoor goes like this:


Akhnoor is located at 32°52′N 74°44′E / 32.87°N 74.73°E / 32.87; 74.73.[11] It has an average elevation of 301 metres (988 ft).Akhnoor is located at the right bank of the mighty Chenab.Chenab enters plains at Kathar (Khadhandhara Valley)[12] in Maira Mandrian Tehsil of Akhnoor.On the North and East,the Shiwaliks, Kali Dhar and Trikuta range surround it.Akhnoor lies on (Mughal Road) Jammu-Poonch National Highway about 28 km away from Jammu. It connects with Rajouri District on North, Reasi District on East & Chamb Tehsil (Azad Jammu Kashmir Area) on west.


As of 2011 India census,[13] Akhnoor had a population of 11,225.Akhnoor is governed by Municipal Committee of Akhnoor having 13 wards. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Akhnoor has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 56% of the males and 47% of females literate.

The languages spoken are Dogri followed by Punjabi, Urdu, Hindi and English.


Hindu 92.37%, Muslim 2.70%, Christian 2.38%, [14]


Some of the main tourist attractions are:

  • Sumah Devta: A Classical Dogra Shrine
  • Jia Pota Ghat
  • Akhnoor and Indus Valley Civilization
  • The historical sites of Ambaran - Akhnoor
  • Akhnoor fort


External links[edit]