Akhtar Raza Khan

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Mufti
Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan Qadri Azhari
Title Imam-ul-Barelvi, Qazi-ul-Quzat Fil Hind, Tajush Shariah, Azhari Miya
Born (1943-02-02)February 2, 1943
Bareilly, British India
Died July 20, 2018(2018-07-20) (aged 75)
Bareilly, India[1]
Hijri date: 06 Dhul Qadah 1439
Cause of death Illness
Nationality Indian
Ethnicity Indian
Region Uttar Pradesh
Religion Islam
Denomination Sunni
Jurisprudence Hanafi
Main interest(s) Fiqh
Alma mater Manzar-e-Islam (Bareilly, India) Al Azhar University
Sufi order Qadri
Website taajushshariah.com

Akhtar Raza Khan[2] was an Indian Sunni Muslim scholar and mufti.[3] He was a descendant (great-grandson) of Mujaddid Ahmed Raza Khan, founder of the Barelvi movement against dishonour of Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him by newly formed sects Wahabi and Deobandi.[4] He was considered by Muslims in India,[5] to function as the Grand Mufti of India.[6][7] He had been ranked 22nd on the list of The 500 Most Influential Muslims in the world (2014–15 edition), compiled by the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre.[6][8][9][10][11][12]

Jamiatur Raza[edit]

In 2000 he founded an Islamic seminary Centre of Islamic Studies Jamiatur Raza based in Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India.[9][13][14]

Poetry[edit]

Khan's composition of Na`at was entitled Safina Bakhshish, written in three different languages.[15]

Fatwas[edit]

One of his fatwas was his edict on the interest given to a Muslim by a non-Muslim:

"When there is a dealing between a Muslim and a Muslim or a Muslim and a Zimmi Kaffir (a non-Muslim living in the safety of an Islamic state), the taking more money than loaned is considered as interest and such a dealing will be unlawful. However, if this condition does not exist, this excess money will not be considered as interest and will be legitimate for a Muslim as it is unanimous that there is no interest applicable when there is dealing between a Muslim and a Harbi Kaafir (a non-Muslim who is not living in the safety of an Islamic State)." (see Azharul Fatawa)[16]

His Urdu-language fatwa collection was known as Majmu'ah Fatawa. His English collection is named Azharul Fatawa.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://kohraam.com/national/maulana-akhtar-raza-khan-die-in-bareilly-139353.html
  2. ^ "अजहरी मियां 10 मार्च को मकराना में-" [Azhari Miyan at Makranah on 10th March] (in Hindi). 8 March 2014. 
  3. ^ Tajjaliyat e Taj us Sharia Mufti Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan Qadri by Muhammad Tariq Lahori Sunni Hanafi | archive.org
  4. ^ World’s 500 ‘Most Influential Muslims’: 24 Indians in the list; Mufti Akhtar Raza Khan, Mahmood Madani in first 50 117 TwoCircles.net |16 October 2014 "He is the great-grandson of Ahmed Raza Khan (d. 1921), who founded the Barelwi movement in South Asia"
  5. ^ INDIAN ISLAM: DEOBANDI-BARELVI TENSION CHANGING MAINSTREAM ISLAM IN INDIA"5. (SBU) The Barelvi school, which proudly promotes the Sufi ideal of pluralism, considers itself "mainstream" Islam in India due to its large following of over 75 percent of Sunni Muslims" | wikileaks.org
  6. ^ a b Mufti Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan Qaadiri Al-Azhari themuslim500.com
  7. ^ Tiwari, Mrigank (July 8, 2014). "Barelvi school views SC fatwa order with caution". Times of India. TNN. Retrieved February 24, 2016. Ala Hazrat's descendent Maulana Akhtar Raza Khan is the head of muftis across the country. 
  8. ^ "Geo Urdu - ﺩﻧﯿﺎ ﮐﯽ500ﺑﺎ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺷﺨﺼﯿﺎﺕ، ﻣﻔﺘﯽ ﺗﻘﯽ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻧﯽ ﺍﻭﺭ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ ﻟﯿﺎﻗﺖ ﺑﮭﯽ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ" [The 500 Most Influential Muslims, Mufti Taqi Usmani and Amir Liaquat are also included] (in Urdu). 28 November 2013. 
  9. ^ a b Barelvi cleric in ‘most powerful Muslims’ list timesofindia.com | Mrigank Tiwari,TNN | Oct 20, 2014
  10. ^ LLC. 2010. Barelvi: Aala Hazrat Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi, Akhtar Raza, Sarfraz Ahmed Naeemi, Muhammad Muslehuddin Siddiqui, Barelvi, Aboobacker Ahmad. General Books LLC. ISBN 9781155903736
  11. ^ Usha Sanyal. Generational Changes in the Leadership of the Ahl-e Sunnat Movement in North India during the Twentieth Century. Modern Asian Studies (1998), Cambridge University Press.
  12. ^ http://www.crescentsofbrisbane.org/Newsletter/CCN0400.asp
  13. ^ Sanyal, Usha (2008). "Ahl-i Sunnat Madrasas: the Madrasa Manzar-i Islam, Bareilly, and Jamia Ashrafiyya, Mubarakpur". In Malik, Jamal. Madrasas in South Asia: Teaching terror?. Routledge. 
  14. ^ Plan to develop Bareilly’s Jamiatur Raza into an Arabic Persian University By NA Ansari, The Milli Gazette "Maulana Akhtar Raza Khan Azhari set up Madrasa Jamiatur Raza in 2000 in the city’s CB Ganj area with the ultimate objective of imparting all types of education."
  15. ^ Safina e Bakhshish (Jild 8) - Islamic Books - Ahlesunnat
  16. ^ a b "Azhar-Ul-Fatawa by Huzur Tajjush Shariah,Hazrat Allama Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan Al-Azhari Qadiri(Maddazillahul Aali)". Scribd. 

External links[edit]