Akhtar Raza Khan

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Islamic scholar Mufti
Mufti Mohammed Akhtar Raza Khan Qadri Azhari
Title Imam-ul-Barelvi, Qazi-ul-Quzat Fil Hind, Tajush Shariah, Azhari Miya
Born (1943-02-02) February 2, 1943 (age 74)
Hijri date: 26 Muharram 1362
Bareilly, India
Other names Ismail Raza
Nationality Indian
Ethnicity Indian
Region Uttar Pradesh
Religion Islam
Denomination Sunni
Jurisprudence Hanafi
Movement Barelvi
Main interest(s) Fiqh
Alma mater Manzar-e-Islam (Bareilly, India) Al Azhar University
Sufi order Qadri
Website taajushshariah.com

Akhtar Raza Khan famously known as Tajush Shariah (Crown Of Shariah) [1] is an Indian Sunni Muslim scholar and Mufti.[2] He is a descendant (great-grandson) of Ahmed Raza Khan, founder of Barelvi movement.[3] He is considered by Sunni-Barelvi Muslims,i.e.,a large portion of Indian Sunni Muslims,[4] as the Grand Mufti of India.[5][6] His name is placed on the 22nd position in the list of The 500 Most Influential Muslims across the world (2014–15 edition), compiled by the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre.[5][7][8][9][10][11]

Education[edit]

His mother, who is the blessed and pious daughter of Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah), showed great concern for his study as she was certain that he would be the Khalifah (Spiritual Successor), of Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah).

Hadrat Allama Akhtar Raza Khan gained his basic Islamic education within his home and he completed the basic recitation and study of the Holy Qur'an under the guidance of his mother. He then studied further under the guidance of his father.

Having completed his basic studies at home, Hadrat Mawlana Ibrahim Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) enrolled him in Darul Uloom Manzare Islam in Bareilly Shareef. Here, under the guidance of renowned teachers, he studied many books, commencing with the basics such as, Mizaan, Munsha'ib, Nohmeer and proceeding to much more advanced books such as Hidaya Akhirain, etc.

Jamiatur Raza[edit]

In the year of 2000 he founded an Islamic seminary Centre of Islamic Studies Jamiatur Raza based in Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India.[8][12][13]

As an Islamic poet[edit]

Apart from being a Mufti, he is also a poet. He wrote many Islamic poems (Na`at, Hamd etc.). His composition of Na`at is entitled Safina Bakhshish, written in three different languages.[14]

Fatwas (judicial verdicts)[edit]

One of his famous fatwas is his edict on the interest given to a Muslim by a non-Muslim:

"When there is a dealing between a Muslim and a Muslim or a Muslim and a Zimmi Kaffir (a non-Muslim living in the safety of an Islamic state), the taking more money than loaned is considered as interest and such a dealing will be unlawful. However, if this condition does not exist, this excess money will not be considered as interest and will be legitimate for a Muslim as it is unanimous that there is no interest applicable when there is dealing between a Muslim and a Harbi Kaafir (a non-Muslim who is not living in the safety of an Islamic State)." (see Azharul Fatawa)[15]

He issues fatwa from Markazi Dar al-Ifta, at Jamiatur Raza, Bareilly.

Fatwa Collection (Azharul Fatawa)[edit]

His Urdu language Fatwa collection is known as Majmu'ah Fatawa. The collection of his fatawa in English language is named Azharul Fatawa. The type of questions answered in the book are in relation to the Muslim communities living in Western countries because most of the Fatawa were issued in South Africa.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "अजहरी मियां 10 मार्च को मकराना में-" [Azhari Miyan at Makranah on 10th March] (in Hindi). 8 March 2014. 
  2. ^ Tajjaliyat e Taj us Sharia Mufti Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan Qadri by Muhammad Tariq Lahori Sunni Hanafi | archive.org
  3. ^ World’s 500 ‘Most Influential Muslims’: 24 Indians in the list; Mufti Akhtar Raza Khan,Mahmood Madani in first 50 117 TwoCircles.net |16 October 2014 "He is the great-grandson of Ahmed Raza Khan (d. 1921), who founded the Barelwi movement in South Asia"
  4. ^ INDIAN ISLAM: DEOBANDI-BARELVI TENSION CHANGING MAINSTREAM ISLAM IN INDIA"5. (SBU) The Barelvi school, which proudly promotes the Sufi ideal of pluralism, considers itself "mainstream" Islam in India due to its large following of over 75 percent of Sunni Muslims" | wikileaks.org
  5. ^ a b Mufti Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan Qaadiri Al-Azhari themuslim500.com
  6. ^ Tiwari, Mrigank (July 8, 2014). "Barelvi school views SC fatwa order with caution". Times of India. TNN. Retrieved February 24, 2016. Ala Hazrat's descendent Maulana Akhtar Raza Khan is the head of muftis across the country. 
  7. ^ "Geo Urdu - ﺩﻧﯿﺎ ﮐﯽ500ﺑﺎ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺷﺨﺼﯿﺎﺕ، ﻣﻔﺘﯽ ﺗﻘﯽ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻧﯽ ﺍﻭﺭ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ ﻟﯿﺎﻗﺖ ﺑﮭﯽ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ" [The 500 Most Influential Muslims, Mufti Taqi Usmani and Amir Liaquat are also included] (in Urdu). 28 November 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Barelvi cleric in ‘most powerful Muslims’ list timesofindia.com | Mrigank Tiwari,TNN | Oct 20, 2014
  9. ^ LLC. 2010. Barelvi: Aala Hazrat Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi, Akhtar Raza, Sarfraz Ahmed Naeemi, Muhammad Muslehuddin Siddiqui, Barelvi, Aboobacker Ahmad. General Books LLC. ISBN 9781155903736
  10. ^ Usha Sanyal. Generational Changes in the Leadership of the Ahl-e Sunnat Movement in North India during the Twentieth Century. Modern Asian Studies (1998), Cambridge University Press.
  11. ^ http://www.crescentsofbrisbane.org/Newsletter/CCN0400.asp
  12. ^ Sanyal, Usha (2008). "Ahl-i Sunnat Madrasas: the Madrasa Manzar-i Islam, Bareilly, and Jamia Ashrafiyya, Mubarakpur". In Malik, Jamal. Madrasas in South Asia: Teaching terror?. Routledge. 
  13. ^ Plan to develop Bareilly’s Jamiatur Raza into an Arabic Persian University By NA Ansari, The Milli Gazette "Maulana Akhtar Raza Khan Azhari set up Madrasa Jamiatur Raza in 2000 in the city’s CB Ganj area with the ultimate objective of imparting all types of education."
  14. ^ Safina e Bakhshish (Jild 8) - Islamic Books - Ahlesunnat
  15. ^ a b "Azhar-Ul-Fatawa by Huzur Tajjush Shariah,Hazrat Allama Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan Al-Azhari Qadiri(Maddazillahul Aali)". Scribd. 

External links[edit]