Akhtar Raza Khan

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The Barelvi movement
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Tomb of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Qadri
Founders & Central figures

Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi
Peer Jamaat Ali Shah
Hamid Raza Khan
Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri
Maulana Abdul Hamid Qadri Badayuni
Muhammad Karam Shah al-Azhari
Mohammad Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi

History/Movement

All India Sunni Conference
Tehreek-e-Khatme Nabuwwat
Shaheed Ganj Mosque
Movement against Shuddhi
Shah Bano Movement

Notable Scholars

Past
Khwaja Qamar ul Din Sialvi
Shah Ahmad Noorani
Abdul Sattar Khan Niazi
Arshadul Qaudri
Shamsul-hasan Shams Barelvi
Sarfraz Ahmed Naeemi
Sahibzada Haji Muhammad Fazal Karim
Nurul Islam Farooqi

Present
Hazrat Mufti Muhammad Ziyaul Mustafa Qardri
Kaukab Noorani Okarvi
Ashraf Asif Jalali
Qamaruzzaman Azmi
Ameen Mian Qaudri
Sheikh Aboobacker Ahmed
Syed Shujaat Ali Qadri
Muhammad Arshad Misbahi
Hamid Saeed Kazmi
Yaseen Akhtar Misbahi
Mukarram Ahmad
Muhammad Saeed Noori
Akhtar Raza Khan

Institutions

India Jamiatur Raza Bareilly
Manzar-e-Islam Bareilly
Al Jamiatul Ashrafia Azamgarh
Al-Jame-atul-Islamia Mau
Jamia-tul-Madina Global
Jamia Markazu Ssaquafathi Ssunniyya Kerala
Jamia Nizamia Hyderabad,

Pakistan Jamia Naeemia Lahore
Jamia Amjadia Rizvia Karachi
Jamia Nizamia Ghousia Wazirabad,
'United Kingdom Jamia Al-Karam
Al-Mustafa Islamic Cultural Centre Ireland

Literature & Notable Works

Kanzul Iman, Fatawa-e-Razvia
Bahar-e-Shariat, Husamul Haramain
Manaqib-al-Jaleela

Organizations

Dawat-e-Islami
World Islamic Mission
Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan
Jamaat Ahle Sunnat
Sunni Tehreek
Sunni Ittehad Council
Majlis-e-Tahaffuz-e-Khatme Nabuwwat
Tanzeem ul Madaris
Raza Academy
Dargah-e-Ala Hazrat

Mufti Mohammed Akhtar Raza Khan Qadri Azhari
Personal Details
Title Taajush Shariah
Born (1943-02-02) February 2, 1943 (age 73)
Hijri date: 26 Muharram 1362
Bareilly, India
Other names Ismail Raza
Nationality Indian
Region South Asia
Religion Islam
Denomination Sunni
Jurisprudence Hanafi
Movement Barelvi
Main interest(s) Fiqh
Alma mater Azhar University, Cairo
Manzar-e-Islam (Bareilly, India)
Sufi order Qadri
Awards Jamia Azhar Award (by Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser)[1]
Website taajushshariah.com

Akhtar Raza Khan also known as Azhari Miyan[2] is an Indian Sunni Muslim scholar and Mufti.[3] He is a descendant (great-grandson) of Ahmed Raza Khan, founder of Barelvi movement.[4] He is considered by Sunni-Barelvi Muslims,i.e.,75 percent of Indian Sunni Muslims,[5] as the Grand Mufti of India.[1][6] His name is placed on the 22nd position in the list of The 500 Most Influential Muslims across the world (2014–15 edition), compiled by the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre.[1][7][8][9][10][11]

Education[edit]

Akhtar Raza Khan obtained his basic Qur'anic knowledge like recitation from his mother. He received basic traditional education at Manzar-e-Islam (in Bareilly). At the age of twenty he went to Al-Azhar University where he studied tafsir and hadith for three years from 1963 C.E. to1966 C.E. Upon his graduation, he was awarded the Jamia Azhar Award.[1][8]

Jamiatur Raza[edit]

Main article: Jamiatur Raza

In the year of 2000 he founded an Islamic seminary Centre of Islamic Studies Jamiatur Raza based in Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India.[8][12][13]

As an Islamic poet[edit]

Apart from being a Mufti, he is also a poet. He wrote many Islamic poems (Na`at, Hamd etc). His composition of Na`at is entitled Safina Bakhshish, written in three different languages.[14]

Fatwas (judicial verdicts)[edit]

One of his famous fatwas is his edict on the interest given to a Muslim by a non-Muslim:

"When there is a dealing between a Muslim and a Muslim or a Muslim and a Zimmi Kaffir (a non-Muslim living in the safety of an Islamic state), the taking more money then loaned is considered as interest and such a dealing will be unlawful. However, if this condition does not exist, this excess money will not be considered as interest and will be legitimate for a Muslim as it is unanimous that there is no interest applicable when there is dealing between a Muslim and a Harbi Kaafir (a non-Muslim who is not living in the safety of an Islamic State)." (see Azharul Fatawa)[15]

He issues fatwa from Markazi Dar al-Ifta, at Jamiatur Raza, Bareilly.

Fatwa Collection (Azharul Fatawa)[edit]

His Urdu language Fatwa collection is known as Majmu'ah Fatawa. The collection of his fatawa in English language is named Azharul Fatawa. The type of questions answered in the book are in relation to the Muslim communities living in Western countries because most of the Fatawa were issued in South Africa.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Mufti Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan Qaadiri Al-Azhari themuslim500.com
  2. ^ "अजहरी मियां 10 मार्च को मकराना में-" [Azhari Miyan at Makranah on 10th March] (in Hindi). 8 March 2014. 
  3. ^ Tajjaliyat e Taj us Sharia Mufti Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan Qadri by Muhammad Tariq Lahori Sunni Hanafi | archive.org
  4. ^ World’s 500 ‘Most Influential Muslims’: 24 Indians in the list; Mufti Akhtar Raza Khan,Mahmood Madani in first 50 117 TwoCircles.net |16 October 2014 "He is the great-grandson of Ahmed Raza Khan (d. 1921), who founded the Barelwi movement in South Asia"
  5. ^ INDIAN ISLAM: DEOBANDI-BARELVI TENSION CHANGING MAINSTREAM ISLAM IN INDIA"5. (SBU) The Barelvi school, which proudly promotes the Sufi ideal of pluralism, considers itself "mainstream" Islam in India due to its large following of over 75 percent of Sunni Muslims" | wikileaks.org
  6. ^ Tiwari, Mrigank (July 8, 2014). "Barelvi school views SC fatwa order with caution". Times of India. TNN. Retrieved February 24, 2016. Ala Hazrat's descendent Maulana Akhtar Raza Khan is the head of muftis across the country. 
  7. ^ "Geo Urdu - ﺩﻧﯿﺎ ﮐﯽ500ﺑﺎ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺷﺨﺼﯿﺎﺕ، ﻣﻔﺘﯽ ﺗﻘﯽ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻧﯽ ﺍﻭﺭ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ ﻟﯿﺎﻗﺖ ﺑﮭﯽ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ" [The 500 Most Influential Muslims, Mufti Taqi Usmani and Amir Liaquat are also included] (in Urdu). 28 November 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c Barelvi cleric in ‘most powerful Muslims’ list timesofindia.com | Mrigank Tiwari,TNN | Oct 20, 2014
  9. ^ LLC. 2010. Barelvi: Aala Hazrat Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi, Akhtar Raza, Sarfraz Ahmed Naeemi, Muhammad Muslehuddin Siddiqui, Barelvi, Aboobacker Ahmad. General Books LLC. ISBN 9781155903736
  10. ^ Usha Sanyal. Generational Changes in the Leadership of the Ahl-e Sunnat Movement in North India during the Twentieth Century. Modern Asian Studies (1998), Cambridge University Press.
  11. ^ http://www.crescentsofbrisbane.org/Newsletter/CCN0400.asp
  12. ^ Sanyal, Usha (2008). "Ahl-i Sunnat Madrasas: the Madrasa Manzar-i Islam, Bareilly, and Jamia Ashrafiyya, Mubarakpur". In Malik, Jamal. Madrasas in South Asia: Teaching terror?. Routledge. 
  13. ^ Plan to develop Bareilly’s Jamiatur Raza into an Arabic Persian University By NA Ansari, The Milli Gazette "Maulana Akhtar Raza Khan Azhari set up Madrasa Jamiatur Raza in 2000 in the city’s CB Ganj area with the ultimate objective of imparting all types of education."
  14. ^ Safina e Bakhshish (Jild 8) - Islamic Books - Ahlesunnat
  15. ^ a b "Azhar-Ul-Fatawa by Huzur Tajjush Shariah,Hazrat Allama Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan Al-Azhari Qadiri(Maddazillahul Aali)". Scribd. 

External links[edit]