Akhtar Raza Khan

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Akhtar Raza Khan
Tajushshariya.png
PronunciationMufti Akhtar Raza Khan
Born
Muhammad Ismail Raza

(1941-02-02)2 February 1941
Bareilly Sharif, British India
Died20 July 2018(2018-07-20) (aged 77)
Resting placeBareilly Sharif
NationalityIndian
Other namesAzhari Miya, Janashin-E-Sarkaar Mufti-E-Aazam, Mufti E Azam, Shaikh Ul Islam, Qazi Ul Quzzat Fil Hind, Taajush Shari'ah
CitizenshipIndian
OccupationGrand Mufti of India
EraContemporary
Known forSpiritual mythology
Notable work
Azhar Ul Fatawa
StyleGrand Mufti
TitleGrand Mufti of India
MovementSunni Islam
Board member ofIslamic Community of India
Grand Mufti of India
Preceded byMustafa Raza Khan Qadri
Succeeded bySheikh Abubakr Ahmad
TitleTaaju Shariah
Official nameمفتي جمهورية الهند، مفتي اختر رضا خان
Personal
ReligionIslam
Home townBareilly
Parents
  • Maulana Ibrahim Raza Khan (father)
JurisprudenceHanafi
Alma materManzar-e-Islam (Bareilly), Al-Azhar University 1963 -1966
Muslim leader
Literary worksBook list
Websitetaajushshariah.com
Grand Mufti styles
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleThe Honourable
Religious styleMufti Azam-e-Hind, and Mufti al-Diyar al-Hindiyyah and Shaykh al-Islām in Arabic
Alternative styleHadrat, Sheikh and Sahib-ul-Ma'ali
Informal styleMr. Grand Mufti
Websitemuftiakhtarrazakhan.com/english/

Muhammed Akhtar Raza Khan Azhari (2 February 1941 – 20 July 2018), also knowm as Taajush Shari'ah[1] or Azhari Miya[2][3] was an Indian Barelvi Muslim scholar, cleric and mufti.[4] He was a descendant (great-grandson) of Mujaddid Ahmed Raza Khan, founder of the Barelvi movement.[5] He was considered by Barelvi Muslims in India to function as the Grand Mufti of India.[6][7][8] He had been ranked 22nd on the list of The 500 Most Influential Muslims in the world (2014–15 edition), compiled by the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre.[7][9][10][11][12][13] He had crores of followers across the country and outside.[14] On 20 July 2018, he died from a long illness.[15][16]

Education[edit]

He completed his Dars-e-Nizami from Darul-ul-Uloom Manzar-e-Islam Bareilly Shareef and went to Jami'a-tul-Azhar Cairo Egypt in 1963 where he acquired knowledge in the fields of Quran and Hadith. He graduated from Jami'a-ul-Azhar in 1966 and was awarded with 'Jami'ah' Azhar Award' upon securing first position.[17]

Notable works[edit]

He was the author of more than 50 books on Islamic theology and thought. He wrote extensively in Arabic, Urdu, Persian, Hindi and in English. He pursued higher studies at Al-Azhar University, Egypt and won the Al-Azhar Award (Fakhr-e-Azhar).[14]

Islamic Institutions (Jamiat-ur Raza)[edit]

In 2000 he founded an Islamic seminary Centre of Islamic Studies Jamiatur Raza based in Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India.[10][18][19]

Rulings (Fatwas)[edit]

His Urdu-language fatwa collection was known as Majmu'ah Fatawa. His English collection is named Azharul Fatawa.[20] One of his fatwas was his edict on the interest given to a Muslim by a non-Muslim:

When there is a dealing between a Muslim and a Muslim or a Muslim and a Zimmi Kaffir (a non-Muslim living in the s afety of an Islamic state), the taking more money than loaned is considered as interest and such a dealing will be unlawful. However, if this condition does not exist, this excess money will not be considered as interest and will be legitimate for a Muslim as it is unanimous that there is no interest applicable when there is dealing between a Muslim and a Harbi Kaafir (a non-Muslim who is not living in the safety of an Islamic State). (see Azharul Fatawa)[20]

Poetry[edit]

His composition of Na`at was entitled Safina e Bakhshish, written in three different languages.[21]

Books[edit]

Books written by Khan:

  • Hijrat-e-Rasool
  • Aasaar-e-Qiyamat
  • AL-Haq-ul-Mubeen (Arabic and Urdu)
  • Safeenah-e-Bakhshish (Na'at collection)
  • Fatawa Taj-us-Shari'ah[17]

Death[edit]

He died following a long illness on 20 July 2018, aged 77. His funeral was attended by the concord of million peoples.[14][22][23] [17]

Raza Ali Khan
first marriagesecond marriage
(daughter) i khanNaqi Ali KhanMustajab beghumbibie jan
Ahmed Raza KhanHassan Raza Khan
Hamid Raza KhanMustafa Raza Khan
Ibraheem Raza Khan
Akhtar Raza Khan

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "First urs-e-tajusharia to be observed on July 9-10 | Bareilly News - Times of India".
  2. ^ "Azahri miyan urs: अजहरी मियां के पहले उर्स का हुआ आगाज".
  3. ^ "अजहरी मियां 10 मार्च को मकराना में-" [Azhari Miyan at Makranah on 10 March] (in Hindi). 8 March 2014.
  4. ^ Mufti Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan by Muhammad Tariq Lahori Sunni Hanafi jannati Barelwi| archive.org
  5. ^ World's 500 ‘Most Influential Muslims’: 24 Indians in the list; Mufti Akhtar Raza Khan, Mahmood Madani in first 50 117 TwoCircles.net |16 October 2014 "He is the great-grandson of Ahmed Raza Khan (d. 1921), who founded the Barelwi movement in South Asia"
  6. ^ Indian Islam: Deobandi-Barelvi Tension Changing Mainstream Islam in India"5. (SBU) The Barelvi school, which proudly promotes the Sufi ideal of pluralism, considers itself "mainstream" Islam in India due to its large following of over 75 percent of Sunni Muslims" | wikileaks.org
  7. ^ a b Mufti Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan Qaadiri Al-Azhari themuslim500.com
  8. ^ Tiwari, Mrigank (8 July 2014). "Barelvi school views SC fatwa order with caution". Times of India. TNN. Retrieved 24 February 2016. Ala Hazrat's descendent Maulana Akhtar Raza Khan is the head of muftis across the country.
  9. ^ "Geo Urdu – ﺩﻧﯿﺎ ﮐﯽ500ﺑﺎ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺷﺨﺼﯿﺎﺕ، ﻣﻔﺘﯽ ﺗﻘﯽ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻧﯽ ﺍﻭﺭ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ ﻟﯿﺎﻗﺖ ﺑﮭﯽ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ" [The 500 Most Influential Muslims, Mufti Taqi Usmani and Amir Liaquat are also included] (in Urdu). 28 November 2013. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016.
  10. ^ a b Tiwari, Mrigank (20 October 2014). "Barelvi cleric in 'most powerful Muslims' list". The Times of India.
  11. ^ LLC. 2010. Barelvi: Aala Hazrat Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi, Akhtar Raza, Sarfraz Ahmed Naeemi, Muhammad Muslehuddin Siddiqui, Barelvi, Aboobacker Ahmad. General Books LLC. ISBN 9781155903736
  12. ^ Usha Sanyal. Generational Changes in the Leadership of the Ahl-e Sunnat Movement in North India during the Twentieth Century. Modern Asian Studies (1998), Cambridge University Press.
  13. ^ "The World's Most Influential Muslims in 2011". Crescents Community News. 8 July 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  14. ^ a b c "Noted Barelvi cleric Azhari Miyan dies – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  15. ^ "ताजुशरिया के आखिरी सफर में उमड़ा जनसैलाब". Dainik Jagran. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  16. ^ Hindustan Hindi, 23 July 2018
  17. ^ a b c "mahnama-muharram-1440-sept-2018". www.dawateislami.net. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  18. ^ Sanyal, Usha (2008). "Ahl-i Sunnat Madrasas: the Madrasa Manzar-i Islam, Bareilly, and Jamia Ashrafiyya, Mubarakpur". In Malik, Jamal (ed.). Madrasas in South Asia: Teaching terror?. Routledge.
  19. ^ Plan to develop Bareilly's Jamiatur Raza into an Arabic Persian University By NA Ansari, The Milli Gazette "Maulana Akhtar Raza Khan Azhari set up Madrasa Jamiatur Raza in 2000 in the city's CB Ganj area with the ultimate objective of imparting all types of education."
  20. ^ a b "Azhar-Ul-Fatawa by Huzur Tajjush Shariah, Hazrat Allama Muhammad Akhtar Raza Khan Al-Azhari Qadiri(Maddazillahul Aali)". Scribd.
  21. ^ "Ahlesunnat.net – Safina E Bakhshish (Jild 8)". books.ahlesunnat.net. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  22. ^ MuslimMirror (22 July 2018). "Renowned Barelvi cleric Mufti Akhtar Raza Khan passed away, lakhs attend final journey". Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  23. ^ "अजहरी मियां के जनाजे में दिखा जो जनसैलाब, आपने कभी नहीं देखा होगा, देखें तस्वीरें". www.patrika.com. Retrieved 30 January 2019.

External links[edit]

Religious titles
Preceded by
Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri
Grand Mufti of India
1981–2018
Succeeded by
Sheikh Abubakr Ahmad