Maeda in August 2018
|Birth name||Go Il-myeong|
|Born||January 24, 1959|
|Professional wrestling career|
|Billed height||1.90 m (6 ft 3 in)|
|Billed weight||102 kg (225 lb)|
|Trained by||Karl Gotch|
|Debut||August 25, 1978 (vs Kotetsu Yamamoto)|
|Retired||February 21, 1999 (vs Alexander Karelin)|
Akira Maeda (前田 日明, Maeda Akira) (born Go Il-myeong (Hangul: 고일명, Hanja: 高日明), January 24, 1959) is a Japanese mixed martial arts promoter, writer and retired professional wrestler of Korean descent. Maeda was also known by the ring name Kwik-kik-Lee during his time on the British wrestling show World of Sport (WoS). Maeda helped develop the shoot-style of professional wrestling during the late 1980s.
Professional wrestling career
New Japan Pro Wrestling (1978–1984)
Maeda entered the New Japan Pro Wrestling (NJPW) dojo in 1978 and debuted the same year. Like many other New Japan stars before and after him, Maeda embarked on a foreign tour to the United Kingdom, where he adopted the Kwik-kik-Lee moniker. In 1983, he participated in the first International Wrestling Grand Prix tournament, won by Hulk Hogan. He was one of three Japanese entrants to the international tournament, alongside Antonio Inoki and Rusher Kimura.
World Wrestling Federation (1984)
Universal Wrestling Federation (1984–1985)
In 1984, Maeda, Yoshiaki Fujiwara, and other New Japan defectors formed the Japanese UWF. It was during his time in the first incarnation of the UWF that his willingness to show his displeasure in the ring became known; he quarreled with Satoru Sayama (the original Tiger Mask) over the direction of the UWF, as Maeda and other wrestlers were reportedly resentful of Sayama's cramming too much creative power. This included booking himself to win all his matches, where others, Maeda included, "jobbed" in the worked matches. The promotion folded a year later, and Maeda returned to New Japan, where he became one of the promotion's biggest stars.
New Japan Pro Wrestling (1985–1988)
Maeda became involved in a real-life feud with New Japan booker and top star, Antonio Inoki, refusing to work with him in what could have been a huge moneymaking program.
In April 1986, he was involved in one of the most surreal moments in wrestling history during a match with André the Giant; neither man could agree to losing the match. Andre appeared drunk and started no selling Maeda's moves. Then Maeda proceeded to shoot kick André's legs and repeatedly take him down. After 30 minutes of this, André voluntarily laid down to be pinned (in spite of being assured that Maeda would lose the match), but Akira refused to do so. Inoki eventually came to the ring and demanded the match to end, much to the bewilderment of the audience.
On November 19, 1987, during a six-man tag team match, as Riki Choshu was putting Osamu Kido in a Sasori-gatame, Maeda delivered a stiff kick to Choshu's face, breaking his orbital bone. The flow of the match was disrupted, as Choshu then tried to attack Maeda, and a finish had to be improvised. The resulting injury would sideline Choshu for well over a month and Maeda was immediately suspended for his actions. The promotion's management offered Maeda to lift the suspension in exchange for going on a training excursion to Mexico to learn lucha libre, but Maeda refused and abandoned New Japan along with his partners in February 1988.
Although the kick is popularly believed to have been a deliberate attack, Maeda has claimed it was actually an accident, with Choshu having supposedly failed at protecting his face at the cue (a tap on his back) before the kick was thrown. Referee Mr. Takahashi, despite disapproving Maeda's stiff style, has agreed it was an accident on a scripted spot, declaring that such miscommunications were not uncommon at the time.
Newborn UWF (1988–1990)
In 1988, Maeda formed Newborn UWF with Nobuhiko Takada and others, this time as its number one star, using the notoriety he gained in New Japan to draw large crowds. Maeda's UWF became the first promotion to hold a show at the Tokyo Dome, drawing 60,000 to watch Maeda defeat Willy Wilhelm in the main event. In December 1990, Newborn UWF dissolved due to disagreements over the direction of the company.
Mixed martial arts career
|Born||January 24, 1959|
|Height||6 ft 3 in (1.91 m)|
|Weight||225 lb (102 kg; 16 st 1 lb)|
|Mixed martial arts record|
|Mixed martial arts record from Sherdog|
Fighting Network RINGS (1991–2002)
Maeda would go on to form Fighting Network RINGS in 1991, while Nobuhiko Takada formed Union of Wrestling Force International with most of the Newborn UWF roster. Fighting Network RINGS would no longer bill itself as wrestling in 1997, after the collapse of UWF International. In 1999 he retired from active competition after being defeated in a match against three-time Olympic Gold medalist Alexander Karelin, drawing an incredible gate of $2.5 million. The match gained widespread media coverage, including mentions in The New York Times and Sports Illustrated.
Following Maeda's retirement, he switched his promotion's style from shoot-style to competitive mixed martial arts fighting. The new Rings held two King of Kings tournaments, which introduced such mixed martial artists as Fedor Emelianenko, Dan Henderson, Randy Couture, Jeremy Horn and Antônio Rodrigo Nogueira to the Japanese audience. RINGS folded in 2002, due to the growing popularity of PRIDE.
Revived Rings (2008–present)
When K-1 wanted to start a new MMA brand after their previous attempt with K-1 Romanex, Fighting and Entertainment Group hired Maeda as a consultant for Hero's. However, FEG retired Hero's in February 2008 to team up with former PRIDE staff to create DREAM. Maeda's new project was called The Outsider, an amateur MMA series that uses Hero's rules. RINGS brand was revived for The Outsider series and several events have been held since March 30, 2008.
On January 22, 2012, Maeda decisively resurrected the Fighting Network RINGS brand with Battle Genesis: Vol. 9, the continuation of the Battle Genesis series the last event of which was held on September 20, 2001. The event was sanctioned by ZST.
Mixed martial arts record
|Professional record breakdown|
|12 matches||7 wins||5 losses|
|Loss||7–5||Alexander Karelin||Decision (unanimous)||Rings: Final Capture||February 21, 1999||3||5:00||Japan|
|Win||7–4||Magomedkhan Gamzatkhanov||Submission||Rings: Battle Dimensions Tournament 1997 Final||January 21, 1998||1||4:24||Japan|
|Loss||6–4||Kiyoshi Tamura||n/a||Rings: Battle Dimensions Tournament 1997 Final||January 21, 1998||n/a||n/a||Japan|
|Win||6–3||Mitsuya Nagai||n/a||Rings: Battle Dimensions Tournament 1997 Final||January 21, 1998||n/a||n/a||Japan|
|Win||5–3||Nikolai Zouev||Submission (rear-naked choke)||Rings – Mega Battle Tournament 1997 Semifinal 1||October 25, 1997||1||5:17||Japan|
|Win||4–3||Andrei Kopylov||Submission (rear-naked choke)||Rings – Extension Fighting 7||September 26, 1997||1||8:32||Japan|
|Loss||3–3||Magomedkhan Gamzatkhanov||Submission (leg lock)||Rings – Extension Fighting 2||April 22, 1997||1||8:47||Japan|
|Win||3–2||Maurice Smith||n/a||Rings – Budokan Hall 1997||January 1, 1997||n/a||n/a||Tokyo, Japan|
|Win||2–2||Yoshihisa Yamamoto||Submission||Rings – Budokan Hall 1996||January 24, 1996||n/a||n/a||Tokyo, Japan|
|Win||1–2||Dick Vrij||n/a||Rings – Battle Dimensions Tournament 1995 Opening Round||October 21, 1995||n/a||n/a||Japan|
|Loss||0–2||Chris Dolman||Submission (armbar)||Rings Holland – Free Fight||February 19, 1995||2||4:07||Amsterdam, Holland|
|Loss||0–1||Magomedkhan Gamzatkhanov||Submission||Rings – Budokan Hall 1995||January 25, 1995||n/a||n/a||Tokyo, Japan|
Maeda's interest in martial arts developed as a schoolboy while watching the Ultraman television series. By the time he was in high school, his only interests were motorcycles and karate.
Maeda was a third-generation Zainichi Korean prior to naturalization.
- (1988) Challenge to the Fight King (格闘王への挑戦, Kakutō-ō e no chōsen) ISBN 4062040816
- (1988) Power of Dream (パワー・オブ・ドリーム, Pawā obu dorīmu) ISBN 404173701X
- (1992) Who to live for (誰のために生きるか, Dare no tame ni ikiru ka) ISBN 4569536352
- (1994) Build you strongest self: Over the rev limit (最強の自分をつくる - オーバー・ザ・レブ・リミット, Saikyō no jibun o tsukuru - ōbā za rebu rimitto) ISBN 4569542026
- (1994) The true legend of combat sports, RINGS (真格闘技伝説 RINGS, Ma kakutōgi densetsu ringu) ISBN 4870311895
- (1999) Fighting with real swords (真剣勝負, Shinken shōbu) ISBN 4794209177 - With Kazuya Fukuda
- (2009) Japanese soul (日本魂, Nihon tamashī) ISBN 9784062154024 - With Kotetsu Yamamoto
Championships and accomplishments
- Joint Promotions
- Fighting Network RINGS
- RINGS Battle Dimensions Tournament (1993–1996)
- New Japan Pro Wrestling
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- PWI ranked him #40 of the 500 best singles wrestlers during the "PWI Years" in 2003
- PWI ranked him #13 of the 100 best tag teams during the "PWI Years" with Nobuhiko Takada in 2003
- Tokyo Sports
- Universal Wrestling Federation
- UWF Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- World Wrestling Federation
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards
|1989||YAWARA! a fashionable judo girl!||Himself|
- "Akira Maeda". SherDog. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- Schramm, Chris (July 29, 2007). ""God of Wrestling" legacy on wrestling may be forever". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- "Akira Maeda profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved November 6, 2012.
- "Profile at Puroresu Central". Puroresu Central. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
- Weekly Pro Wrestling Special - Japan Pro Wrestling Case History Vol.3, Baseball Magazine, 2014
- G-Spirits magazine, 1988
- Teruo Takahashi, Ryūketsu no majutsu saikyō no engi subete no puroresu wa shōdearu, 2001
- Akira Maeda's new project, The Outsider | FightOpinion.com – Your Global Connection to the Fight Industry. FightOpinion.com. January 22, 2008.
- RINGS events. Sherdog.com. Retrieved on April 17, 2015.
- "Rings Set Return Batte Genesis Vol 9". Retrieved January 30, 2012.[dead link]
- 2012年 ZST・RINGS スケジュール. Blog.livedoor.jp (January 23, 2012). Retrieved on 2015-04-17.
- "IBK International Kyokushin Budokai - Blak Belts". International Kyokushin Budokai.
- Greatest Wrestlers｜DataBase｜New Japan Pro-Wrestling Archived August 23, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Njpw.co.jp. Retrieved on April 17, 2015.
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated's Top 100 Tag Teams of the PWI Years. 100megsfree4.com
- Tokyo Sports Puroresu Awards. purolove.com
- Akira Maeda｜Greatest Wrestlers｜DataBase｜New Japan Pro-Wrestling Archived July 31, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Njpw.co.jp. Retrieved on April 17, 2015.