Akira Ogata

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For the Japanese film director, see Akira Ogata (film director).

Akira Ogata (緒方 章 Ogata Akira?, October 26, 1887 in Osaka Prefecture, Japan – August 22, 1978) was a Japanese chemist and the first to synthesize methamphetamine in crystalline form in 1919.[1] Ogata's synthesis of methamphetamine, from phosphorus and ephedrine, replaced much more complicated earlier syntheses, and continues to be used as the basis for modern production and usage of the drug.[2]

In 1912, Ogata graduated from the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Tokyo. In 1919 he received a degree from the Humboldt University of Berlin, where he had performed pharmacological experiments.[3]

In 1920 he was appointed assistant professor at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Tokyo. where he taught until 1948.


  1. ^ Zorea, Aharon W. (2014), Steroids, Health and Medical Issues Today, ABC-CLIO, p. 208, ISBN 9781440803000 .
  2. ^ Moore, Elaine A. (2010), The Amphetamine Debate: The Use of Adderall, Ritalin and Related Drugs for Behavior Modification, Neuroenhancement and Anti-Aging Purposes, McFarland health topics, 10, McFarland, p. 134, ISBN 9780786480128 .
  3. ^ Hartmann, Rudolf, Japanische Studenten an der Berliner Universität 1920–1945 (PDF), Kleine Reihe (in German), 22, Mori-Ôgai-Gedenkstätte der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, p. 102