Akkar Governorate

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Akkar
محافظة عكار
Governorate of Lebanon
Location of Akkar Governorate in Lebanon
Location of Akkar Governorate in Lebanon
Coordinates: 34°30′N 36°12′E / 34.5°N 36.2°E / 34.5; 36.2Coordinates: 34°30′N 36°12′E / 34.5°N 36.2°E / 34.5; 36.2
Country  Lebanon
District Akkar District
Municipalities see list
Established 2014
Capital Halba
Government
 • Governor Imad Labaki
Area[1]
 • Total 788 km2 (304 sq mi)
Population
 • Estimate (June 2015)[1] 389,899
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)

Akkar Governorate (Arabic: محافظة عكار‎) is the northernmost governorate of Lebanon. It comprises the single district of Akkar,[2] which in turn is subdivided into 121 municipalities.[1] The capital is at Halba.[2] It covers an area of 788 km2 (304 sq mi)[1] and is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the west, North Governorate to the south, Baalbek-Hermel Governorate to the southeast, and the Syrian governorates of Tartus and Homs to the north and northeast. The governorate's western coastal plain constitutes Lebanon's second largest agricultural region after the Beqaa Valley, while the east features forested mountains that have been considered for protection as a national park.[3]

The UNHCR estimated the population of the governorate at 389,899 in 2015, including 106,935 registered refugees of the Syrian Civil War and 19,404 Palestinian refugees.[1] The population is predominantly Sunni Muslim with minority Christian and Alawite communities and very few Shiites.[1] Akkar is Lebanon's least urbanized governorate, with 80% of the population living in rural areas.[4]

Akkar Governorate was created by the enactment of Law 522 on 16 July 2003, in which Akkar District was separated from North Governorate.[5] Implementation of the new region only began in 2014 with the appointment of the first and current governor, Imad Labaki,[6] and remains incomplete as of 2017.[7] Historically marginalized and neglected by the central government, Akkar is Lebanon's poorest region and has the country's highest illiteracy rate, and suffers from lack of basic infrastructure and services.[4] The recent influx of Syrian refugees has exacerbated these problems, with the unemployment rate in the governorate reaching almost 60% in 2015.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Akkar Governorate Profile". UNHCR. June 2015. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Mohafazah de Aakkar". Localiban. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "Towards a National Park in Upper Akkar" (PDF). Mada. March 2009. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Mouchref, Aicha (January 2008). "Forgotten Akkar: Socio-Economic Reality of the Akkar Region" (PDF). Mada. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "Territorial administration of Lebanon". Localiban. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  6. ^ "Cabinet Appoints 5 New Governors, Accepts Qaloush's Resignation". Naharnet. 2 May 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  7. ^ Obeid, Ghinwa (9 February 2017). "Akkar governorate in dire need of security and development". The Daily Star. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  8. ^ "North and Akkar Governorates Profile". UNHCR. 2016. Retrieved 19 February 2017.