Aknīste

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Aknysta" redirects here. For other uses, see Aknysta (disambiguation).
Aknīste
Town
Gates of the Sēļi Park
Gates of the Sēļi Park
Coat of arms of Aknīste
Coat of arms
Aknīste is located in Latvia
Aknīste
Aknīste
Location in Latvia
Coordinates: 56°9′N 25°44′E / 56.150°N 25.733°E / 56.150; 25.733Coordinates: 56°9′N 25°44′E / 56.150°N 25.733°E / 56.150; 25.733
Country  Latvia
Municipality Aknīste municipality
Town rights 1991
Area
 • Total 133 km2 (51 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 1,951
 • Density 15/km2 (40/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code LV-5208
Calling code +371 652

Aknīste (About this sound pronunciation ; Lithuanian: Aknysta; formerly German: Oknist) is a town in Aknīste municipality, Selonia, in the southern portion of Latvia, near the Lithuanian border. The town is located near the river Dienvidsusēja.

History[edit]

The name, Aknīste, was first mentioned in 1298. From the 17th century the settlement was a part of Lithuania and after the partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, of the Kovno Governorate of the Russian Empire, but in the early 1920s Lithuania exchanged Aknīste for Palanga.

The settlement was the site of a mass killing of Jewish residents, during the Nazi occupation of the Baltic states.[1] 98% of the approximately 140 Jews in Akniste before July 18, 1941 were killed, mostly by Latvian SS units before the Germans arrived in Akniste.[2]

In 1991, Aknīste was granted the town status.

See also[edit]

References[edit]