Akora Khattak

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Akora Khattak اکوڑہ خٹک
Coordinates: Coordinates: 34°0′2.17″N 72°7′18.06″E / 34.0006028°N 72.1216833°E / 34.0006028; 72.1216833
CountryPakistan
ProvinceKhyber-Pakhtunkhwa
DistrictNowshera District
Population
(2017[1])
 • Total47,255
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Khushal Khan Memorial Library

Akora Khattak (Pashto: اکوړه خټکAbout this soundpronounce , Urdu: اکوڑہ خٹک About this soundpronounce ) or Sarai Akora is a town in Jehangira tehsil of Nowshera District in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.[2][3] Nowshera Cantonment is located to the east while Jahangira town is located west of Akora Khattak.

Overview and history[edit]

Khushal Khan Khattak

Akora Khattak is located around 14-km (9 miles) to the east of Nowshera city in Nowshera District on Grand Trunk Road.[4][2] Akora Khattak was formerly called Sarai Akora, and is named after Malik Akor Khan Khattak, who was the great-grandfather of the famous Pashtun warrior and poet, Khushal Khan Khattak.[5]

Sher Shah Suri period[edit]

When the emperor “Sher Shah Suri’s army dug two wells in this place and made it a rest place and named the place Sarai Malik Pura. Caravans came from the Central Asia for trading purpose and stayed at this place.

Mughal period[edit]

In 1581 Mughal emperor Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar came to Peshawar to finish the mutiny of his brother ‘Mirza Hakeem’ and stayed there for a few years. During this stay, he met (jarga) with all the tribal chiefs for the betterment of the area. In the meeting the name of Malik Akor Khan often came up. It was reported to the emperor that Malik Akor Khan was a robber and often robbed the troops on the highway. He lived at Neelab (Nizampur) and continually created problems for the Mughal government. The emperor Jalal-ud-din Mohammad Akbar decided to resolve this problem by making Malik Akor Khan a government servant and charged him with the responsibility of collecting tolls from the caravans on the crossing of the Indus at Attock.

Malik Akor Khan came to the Sarai Malik Pura (Akora Khattak) for this purpose and made this area his living place. In time this place was renamed as Sarai Akora which later became “Akora Khattak”.

Sikh period[edit]

In 1820 Sikhs of Panjab conquered Peshawar and other Pathan areas and ruled it up to 1849. In 1826 the Mujahidin-I-Islam (Sayed Ahmad Barelvi) fought a battle against Sikhs at this place. In 1834 Sardar lehna Singh built the fort of Akora Khattak near the river Kabul.

British period[edit]

The British period starts from 29 August 1849. In 1809 the colonial Indian administrator and later Governor Of Bombay, Sir Mount Stewart Elphinstone visited Peshawar.

The cantt. of Akora Khattak was established in 1850 and at 23 March 1851 Lord Dalhousie, Governor-General of India, visited the place.

In 1916 the first police station of Akora Khattak was established.

Population[edit]

The population of Akora Khattak, according to 2017 consensus, is 47,255 [1]. The population of Akora Khattak, according to official consensus, over the years is shown in the table below.[6]

Consensus Year Population
1961 7954
1972 11,191
1981 13,788
1998 19,530
2017 47,255

Historical places[edit]

Tomb of Khushal Khan Khattak

Akora Khattak has many historical places. The most famous are Tomb of Khushal Khan Khattak, Shrine of Akhund Adyan Baba Seljoki, Darul Uloom Haqqania, Khushal Khan Khattak Memorial Library and museum.

Tomb of Khushal Khan Khattak[edit]

Akora Khattak is the birthplace and burial place of the poet great pashto poet and warrior Khushal Khan Khattak.[7][8] The mausoleum of Khushal Khan was built in 1949.[9]

Shrine of Akhund Adyan Baba Seljoki[edit]

Shrine of Akhund adyan baba

Among the historical places of Akora Khattak, Shrine of Great Turki Sufi Master and aalim Qutb e Aalam Sheikh Akhund Adyan( شیخ اخوند ادین سلجوقی قطب عالم) is situated near Kabul river. The road in front of the shrine itself traces back to Sher Shah suri regime, the road is called Shahi laar(شاہی لار) or royal road. Starting from civil hospital to military camp. The descendants of Sheik Akhund Adyan Baba Seljuki are living in Ziarat kaka Sahib and called Qazyan or Qazi. Sheikh Akhund Adyan Baba died in 1074 AH. Sheikh was teacher of Kaka Sahib.Outside the tomb of Akhun Adyan baba the grave of Shahbaz Khan Khattak (father of Khushal Khan Khattak) is lying. Due to his religious sacrifices of that time Mughal government built his fort like area for his shrine.

Dar-ul-Uloom Haqqania[edit]

Dar-Ul-Uloom Haqqania

Darul Uloom-e-haqqania was founded by Maulana Abdul Haq (father of Maulana Sami Ul Haq) along with his companion Haji Mohammad Yousaf in 1947. It is the second largest Islamic religious seminary in Pakistan.[citation needed] More than 8000 students have been educated there.

Khushal Khan Khattak memorial library[edit]

Khushal Khan Khattak Library

Akora Khan also has Khushal Khan Khattak Memorial Library[5] and a small museum. Library was established in 1994 in the memory of Khushal Khan Khattak. The museum has many medieval era artefacts, some of which were used by Khushal Khan Khattak.

Rang Mahal[edit]

Rang Mahal of Mughal era

Rang mahal (رنگ محل ) of Mughal era situated near meera akora Khattak. It was built by Mughals for their rest.

Education[edit]

Umma Children Academy

Schools and Colleges

  • Govt Centennial Model high school (boys)
  • Khyber Model College and School Akora Khattak Campus
  • The student model high school and College
  • Govt high school (boys) Baghbanpura
  • Govt Girls Middle School Baghbanpura
  • Sir Syed public High school
  • Govt high school (girls)
  • Haqqania High School
  • Tamir-e-millat high school
  • Public collegiate high school
  • Bright Start English school
  • Jamia Shams Ul Madaris Surya Khel for (boys and girls)
  • Rahman public school
  • Army Public school Akora Khattak
  • The Sun Rise public school
  • Govt Khushal Khan Khattak degree college (boys)
  • Govt Khushal Khan Khattak college (girls)
  • The Safah public school
  • The Quaid Public School
  • The Suffa Public School
  • The Sarhad Public School Akora Khattak
  • AIMS (Alqalam Islamic Model School)
  • ummah higher secondary school soria khel akora khattak

Academies

  • Umma Children Academy
  • National Children Academy
  • Scientific Learnig tution Academy Akora khattak
  • The Aryana English Language & Computer Academy

Jamal Ul Quran Online Academy Akora khattak


Institutes

  • Shahcom Institute of Technology (Regd.)
  • National Institute of Technology

Health care[edit]

LRBT free eye hospital
  • Civil Hospital: The main health source in Akora Khattak is the govt hospital.
  • Al-Shifa Homeopathic Clinic: Dr. Muhammad Ali is a big name in homeopathic practices in akora Khattak now since more than 25 years.
  • LRBT Free Eye Hospital. [1]

Sports[edit]

Paragliding

The youth of Akora Khattak are very active in every field of sport but unfortunately there are few facilities available for their use. However, cricket, volleyball, bodybuilding are sports played in akora khattak. Recently, Paragliding was also performed in Akora Khattak.

Notable people[edit]

  • Khushal Khan Khattak Was a great Scholar, Pashtun Poet, Warrior and Father of Pashto literature. Khushal wrote many works in Pashto but also a few in Persian. Khushal's poetry consists of more than 45,000 poems. According to some historians, the number of books written by Khattak are more than 200.
  • Maulana Abdul Haq founder of the institute "Dar-Ul-Uloom Haqqania"
  • Mulana Syed Sher Ali Shah A known Islamic scholar who taught in Dar ul Uloom Haqqania
  • Ajmal Khattak A Poet, Ex MNA and Senator, Ex President ANP Pakistan[10]
  • ijaz ul haq Khattak social worker ,political annalist , Ex candidate NA25
  • Molana Abdul Haq Haqqani A known Islamic scholar who founded and taught in Dar ul Uloom Haqqania
  • Mohammad Masood Kamal A very well known English and Urdu poet belongs to this small town and true example for youngsters

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area & Population of Administrative Units by Rural/Urban: 6th population 2017 Censuses".
  2. ^ a b Bergen, Peter; Tiedemann, Katherine (2013-02-14). Talibanistan: Negotiating the Borders Between Terror, Politics, and Religion. OUP USA. ISBN 9780199893096.
  3. ^ "PESCO restores electricity in Nowshera City despite collapsed of 23 transmission towers". www.brecorder.com. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  4. ^ "Map from nowshera to Akora Khattak". Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  5. ^ a b "Remembering a revered poet: Ajmal Khattak, a proponent of peace - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2012-05-13. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  6. ^ "Area & Population of Administrative Units by Rural/Urban: 1951-1998 Censuses (pdf)" (PDF). www.pbs.gov.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-24.
  7. ^ Correspondent, A (2016-03-07). "Khushal Khan Khattak remembered". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  8. ^ "Apna Akora Khattak". www.apnaakorakhattak.com. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  9. ^ Ali, Zulfiqar (2015-05-18). "Khushal Khan Khattak's mausoleum a shambles". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  10. ^ "Ajmal Khattak passes away". The Nation. Retrieved 2017-11-23.