|Native to||Papua New Guinea|
Akoye has a small phonemic inventory, which is not well described.
Consonants are /p t k, f s, m n, w/ and maybe /j/. The first four are usually voiced to [b ɾ ɡ v] after a monophthongal vowel, though sometimes the voicing is blocked for unknown reasons.
Vowels are /i e ə ɑ o u/. Diphthongs (/ɑi, əi, oi, ɑu/) are said to be rare, though vowel sequences are common, so these are perhaps not equivalent.
The most complex syllable is CCVV: /mtəəpə/ 'hair', /əəkwɑi/ 'eye'.
Tone plays a role: /ə̀ɡənə/ 'sky', /əɡə́nə/ 'lid'; /pɑɑ́/ (sp. bird), /pɑ̀ɑ/ 'body'.
- Akoye at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Akoye". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- /j/ is not given in the invertory, but is illustrated in the examples.
- Perhaps /aj/ vs. /ai/?
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