Akuntsu language

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Native toBrazil
EthnicityAkuntsu people
Native speakers
6 (2009)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3aqz

Akuntsu is an undocumented Tupian language of Brazil. Peaceful contact with the Akuntsu people was only made in 1995; they had been massacred by cattle ranchers in the 1980s.[3] The Akuntsu language is spoken only by members of the tribe and not fully understood by any outsider.[4]

It is considered unlikely that the Akuntsu language or culture will survive following the deaths of the tribe's remaining members.[5] For this reason several observers have described the tribe as the victims of genocide.[6] The neighbouring Kanoê have been similarly reduced in number through contact with settlers,[7] as were the people of a man recently encountered living alone in the Igarapé Omerê reserve who is apparently the sole survivor of his tribe.[8][9]


  1. ^ Akuntsu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Akuntsu". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/opinion/commentators/fiona-watson-were-watching-an-extinction-in-a-lifetime-1801794.html
  4. ^ Watson, Fiona (13 October 2009). "We're watching an extinction in a lifetime". The Independent. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  5. ^ Survival International. "Akuntsu: The future". Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  6. ^ Vincent Carelli (Director) (2009). Corumbiara: They Shoot Indians, Don't They? (in Portuguese). Vídeo nas Aldeias.
  7. ^ Instituto Socioambiental (ISA). "Introduction > Kanoê". Povos Indígenas no Brasil. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  8. ^ Survival International (9 December 2009). "Last survivor of uncontacted Amazon tribe attacked". Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  9. ^ Strange, Hannah (11 December 2009). "'Man in the Hole', lone survivor of Amazon tribe massacre, escapes ranchers' bullets". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 8 March 2011.

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