Akutagawa Prize

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Akutagawa Prize
芥川龍之介賞 (Akutagawa Ryūnosuke Shō)
Awarded forBest published literary story by a rising author
DateAugust 10, 1935 (1935-08-10)
CountryJapan
Presented bySociety for the Promotion of Japanese Literature
Reward(s)¥1,000,000, pocket watch
First awarded1935
Last awarded2018
Websitewww.bunshun.co.jp/shinkoukai/award/akutagawa/

The Akutagawa Prize (芥川龍之介賞, Akutagawa Ryūnosuke Shō) is a Japanese literary award presented semi-annually. Because of its prestige and the considerable attention the winner receives from the media, it is, along with the Naoki Prize, one of Japan's most sought after literary prizes.[1][2]

History[edit]

The Akutagawa Prize was established in 1935 by Kan Kikuchi, then-editor of Bungeishunjū magazine, in memory of author Ryūnosuke Akutagawa.[2] It is currently sponsored by the Society for the Promotion of Japanese Literature, and is awarded in January and July to the best serious literary story published in a newspaper or magazine by a new or rising author.[1] The winner receives a pocket watch and a cash award of 1 million yen. The judges usually include contemporary writers, literary critics, and former winners of the prize. Occasionally, when consensus cannot be reached between judges over disputes about the winning story or the quality of work for that half year, no prize is awarded. From 1945 through 1948 no prizes were awarded due to postwar instability.[3]

On January 15, 2004, the awarding of the 130th Akutagawa Prize made significant news when two women became the award's youngest winners.[4] The prize went to both Risa Wataya, 19, and Hitomi Kanehara, 20. Previously the youngest Akutagawa winners were all males over 23 years old, among them the former Tokyo Governor Shintaro Ishihara and novelist Kenzaburō Ōe. In 2013 Natsuko Kuroda won the 148th Akutagawa Prize at age 75, making her the oldest recipient in the history of the prize.[5]

Controversies[edit]

The award lost some credibility in 1972 when one of its winners, Akio Miyahara, was found to have committed plagiarism.[6][7] In 2018 a similar controversy occurred when a candidate novel by Yuko Hojo was found to have reused text from its nonfiction source material without attribution, but the Society for the Promotion of Japanese Literature did not remove the book from the candidate list.[8]

Winners[edit]

Bungeishunjū maintains an official archive of current and past winners on behalf of the Society for the Promotion of Japanese Literature.[9]

  • 001 1935上 Tatsuzō Ishikawa for Sōbō (蒼氓)
  • 002 1935下 no prize awarded
  • 003 1936上 Oda Takeo for Jōgai (城外)
  • 003 1936上 Tsuruta Tomoya for Koshamain ki (コシャマイン記)
  • 004 1936下 Jun Ishikawa for Fugen (普賢)
  • 004 1936下 Tomisawa Uio for Chichūkai (地中海 The Mediterranean Sea)
  • 005 1937上 Ozaki Kazuo for Nonki megane (暢気眼鏡 Leisure Glasses)
  • 006 1937下 Ashihei Hino for Fun'nyōtan (糞尿譚)
  • 007 1938上 Nakayama Gishū for Atsumonozaki (厚物咲)
  • 008 1938下 Nakazato Tsuneko for Noriaibasha, Nikkōshitsu (乗合馬車, 日光室)
  • 009 1939上 Handa Yoshiyuki for Niwatori sōdō (鶏騒動 Chicken Trouble)
  • 009 1939上 Hase Ken for Asakusa no kodomo (あさくさの子供 Children of Asakusa)
  • 010 1939下 Samukawa Kotaro for Mitsuryōsha (密猟者 The Poacher)
  • 011 1940上 no prize awarded
  • 012 1940下 Sakurada Tsunehisa for Hiraga gen'nai (平賀源内)
  • 013 1941上 Tada Yukei for Chōkō deruta (長江デルタ)
  • 014 1941下 Shibaki Yoshiko for Seika no ichi (青果の市 The Garden City)
  • 015 1942上 no prize awarded
  • 016 1942下 Kuramitsu Toshio for Renrakuin (連絡員 The Liaison)
  • 017 1943上 Ishizuka Kikuzo for Chanzū no koro (纏足の頃)
  • 018 1943下 Tonobe Kaoru for Washi (和紙)
  • 019 1944上 Yagi Yoshinori for Ryūkanfū (劉廣福)
  • 019 1944上 Ono Juzo for Tōhan (登攀 The Ascent)
  • 020 1944下 Shimizu Motoyoshi for Karitachi (雁立 Wild Geese)
  • 021 1949上 Kotani Tsuyoshi for Kakushō (確証)
  • 021 1949上 Yuki Shigeko for Hon no hanashi (本の話)
  • 022 1949下 Inoue Yasushi for Tōgyū (闘牛 The Bullfight)
  • 023 1950上 Tsuji Ryoichi for Ihōjin (異邦人 The Foreigner)
  • 024 1950下 no prize awarded
  • 025 1951上 Abe Kōbō for Kabe—S. Karuma shi no hanzai (壁─S.カルマ氏の犯罪 The Crime of S. Karuma)
  • 025 1951上 Ishikawa Toshimitsu for Haru no kusa (春の草 Spring Grass)
  • 026 1951下 Hotta Yoshie for Hiroba no kodoku, Kankan and others (広場の孤独, 漢奸)
  • 027 1952上 no prize awarded
  • 028 1952下 Gomi Kosuke for Sōshin (喪神)
  • 028 1952下 Matsumoto Seichō for Aru "kokura nikki" den (或る「小倉日記」小伝)
  • 029 1953上 Shōtarō Yasuoka for Warui nakama, Inki na tanoshimi (悪い仲間, 陰気な愉しみ Bad Company, Dismal Fun)
  • 030 1953下 no prize awarded
  • 031 1954上 Yoshiyuki Junnosuke for Shūu and others (驟雨 A Rain Shower)
  • 032 1954下 Kojima Nobuo for Amerikan sukūru (アメリカン・スクール American School)
  • 032 1954下 Shono Junzo for Pūrusaido shōkei (プールサイド小景 A Poolside Scene)
  • 033 1955上 Endō Shūsaku for Shiroi hito (白い人 White Person)
  • 034 1955下 Shintaro Ishihara for Taiyō no kisetsu (太陽の季節 Season Of The Sun)
  • 035 1956上 Kondō Keitarō for Amabune (海人舟)
  • 036 1956下 no prize awarded
  • 037 1957上 Kikumura Itaru for Iōjima (硫黄島 Iwo Jima)
  • 038 1957下 Kaikō Takeshi for Hadaka no ōsama (裸の王様 The Emperor's New Clothes)
  • 039 1958上 Kenzaburō Ōe for Shiiku (飼育 Prize Stock)
  • 040 1958下 no prize awarded
  • 041 1959上 Shiba Shiro for Santō (山塔 Mountain Pagoda)
  • 042 1959下 no prize awarded
  • 043 1960上 Morio Kita for Yoru to kiri no sumi de (夜と霧の隅で In The Corner Of Night And Fog)
  • 044 1960下 Miura Tetsuo for Shinobukawa (忍ぶ川)
  • 045 1961上 no prize awarded
  • 046 1961下 Uno Koichiro for Kujiragami (鯨神 The Whale God)
  • 047 1962上 Kawamura Akira for Bidan no shuppatsu (美談の出発 'A Heroic Departure)
  • 048 1962下 no prize awarded
  • 049 1963上 Goto Kiichi for Shōnen no hashi (少年の橋 A Boyhood Bridge)
  • 049 1963上 Kono Taeko for Kani ( Crab)
  • 050 1963下 Tanabe Seiko for Senchimentaru Jaanî (感傷旅行 Sentimental Journey)
  • 051 1964上 Shiba Shou for Saredo wareraga hibi (されどわれらが日々─)
  • 052 1964下 no prize awarded
  • 053 1965上 Tsumura Setsuko for Gangu (玩具 Toys)
  • 054 1965下 Takai Yuichi for Kita no kawa (北の河 Northern Stream)
  • 055 1966上 no prize awarded
  • 056 1966下 Maruyama Kenji for Natsu no nagare (夏の流れ Summer's Passage)
  • 057 1967上 Oshiro Tatsuhiro for Kakuteru Paatî (カクテル・パーティー The Cocktail Party)
  • 058 1967下 Kashiwabara Hyozo for Tokuyama Dōsuke no kikyō (徳山道助の帰郷 Dosuke Tokoyama's Returning Home)
  • 059 1968上 Maruya Saiichi for Toshi no nokori (年の残り Remains Of The Year)
  • 059 1968上 Oba Minako for Sanbiki no kani (三匹の蟹 Three Crabs)
  • 060 1968下 no prize awarded
  • 061 1969上 Shoji Kaoru for Akazukin-chan ki o tsukete (赤頭巾ちゃん気をつけて Little Red Riding Hood, Take Care)
  • 061 1969上 Takubo Hideo for Fukaikawa (深い河 Deep River)
  • 062 1969下 KiyookaTakayuki for Akashiya no dairen (アカシヤの大連)
  • 063 1970上 Yoshida Tomoko for Mumyōjōya (無明長夜)
  • 063 1970上 Komao Furuyama for Pureō 8 no yoake (プレオー8の夜明け)
  • 064 1970下 Yoshikichi Furui for Yōko (杳子)
  • 065 1971上 no prize awarded
  • 066 1971下 Kaisei Ri for Kinuta o utsu onna (砧をうつ女)
  • 066 1971下 Mineo Higashi for Okinawa no shōnen (オキナワの少年 Okinawan Boy)
  • 067 1972上 Hiroshi Hatayama for Itsuka kiteki o narashite (いつか汽笛を鳴らして)
  • 067 1972上 Akio Miyahara for Dareka ga sawatta (誰かが触った)
  • 068 1972下 Michiko Yamamoto for Beti san no niwa (ベティさんの庭)
  • 068 1972下 Shizuko Go for Rekuiemu (れくいえむ Requiem)
  • 069 1973上 Taku Miki for Hiwa ()
  • 070 1973下 Kuninobu Noro for Kusa no tsurugi (草のつるぎ Vines)
  • 070 1973下 Atsushi Mori for Gassan (月山)
  • 071 1974上 no prize awarded
  • 072 1974下 Keizo Hino for Ano yūhi (あの夕陽)
  • 072 1974下 Hiro Sakata for Tsuchi no utsuwa (土の器 Earthen Vessel)
  • 073 1975上 Kyoko Hayashi for Matsuri no ba (祭りの場)
  • 074 1975下 Kenji Nakagami for Misaki ( The Cape)
  • 074 1975下 Kazuo Okamatsu for Shikanoshima (志賀島)
  • 075 1976上 Ryū Murakami for Kagirinaku tōmei ni chikai burū (限りなく透明に近いブルー Almost Transparent Blue)
  • 076 1976下 no prize awarded
  • 077 1977上 Masahiro Mita for Bokutte nani (僕って何 What Am I)
  • 077 1977上 Masuo Ikeda for Eegekai ni sasagu (エーゲ海に捧ぐ Offering in the Aegean)
  • 078 1977下 Teru Miyamoto for Hotarugawa (螢川 Firefly River)
  • 078 1977下 Shuzo Taki for Kaya no ki matsuri (榧の木祭り The Nutmeg Tree Festival)
  • 079 1978上 Kiichiro Takahashi for Nobuyo (伸予)
  • 079 1978上 Michitsuna Takahashi for Kugatsu no sora (九月の空 September Sky)
  • 080 1978下 no prize awarded
  • 081 1979上 Yoshiko Shigekane for Yamaai no kemuri (やまあいの煙 Smoke In The Mountains)
  • 081 1979上 So Aono for Gusha no yoru (愚者の夜 Night Of The Idiots)
  • 082 1979下 Reiko Mori for Mokkingubaado no iru machi (モッキングバードのいる町 The City Of Mockingbirds)
  • 083 1980上 no prize awarded
  • 084 1980下 Katsuhiko Otsuji for Chichi ga kieta (父が消えた My Father Vanished)
  • 085 1981上 Rie Yoshiyuki for Chisana kifujin (小さな貴婦人 Little Lady)
  • 086 1981下 no prize awarded
  • 087 1982上 no prize awarded
  • 088 1982下 Yukiko Kato for Yube no kabe (夢の壁 Wall of Dreams)
  • 088 1982下 Jūrō Kara for Sagawa-kun kara no tegami (佐川君からの手紙 A Letter From Young Sagawa)
  • 089 1983上 no prize awarded
  • 090 1983下 Jun Kasahara for Mokuji no sekai (杢二の世界 Mokoji's World)
  • 090 1983下 Nobuko Takagi for Hikari idaku tomo yo (光抱く友よ)
  • 091 1984上 no prize awarded
  • 092 1984下 Satoko Kizaki for Aogiri (青桐 Blue Paulownia)
  • 093 1985上 no prize awarded
  • 094 1985下 Fumiko Kometani for Sugikoshi no matsuri (過越しの祭 The Passover)
  • 095 1986上 no prize awarded
  • 096 1986下 no prize awarded
  • 097 1987上 Kiyoko Murata for Nabe no naka (鍋の中 In The Pot)
  • 098 1987下 Natsuki Ikezawa for Sutiru Raifu (スティル・ライフ Still Lives)
  • 098 1987下 Kiyohiro Miura for Chōnan no shukke (長男の出家)
  • 099 1988上 Man Arai for Tazunebito no jikan (尋ね人の時間 The Missing's Time)
  • 100 1988下 Keishi Nagi for Daiyamondo dasuto (ダイヤモンドダスト Diamond Dust)
  • 100 1988下 Lee Yangji for Yuhi (由煕)
  • 101 1989上 no prize awarded
  • 102 1989下 Akira Ooka for Hyōsō seikatsu (表層生活)
  • 102 1989下 Mieko Takizawa for Nekobaba no iru machi de (ネコババのいる町で)
  • 103 1990上 Noboru Tsujihara for Mura no namae (村の名前 A Village's Name)
  • 104 1990下 Yōko Ogawa for Ninshin karendaa (妊娠カレンダー Pregnancy Calendar)
  • 105 1991上 Yo Henmi for Jidou kishō sōchi (自動起床装置 The Automatic Wake-up Machine)
  • 105 1991上 Anna Ogino for Seoi mizu (背負い水 Water Burden)
  • 106 1991下 Eiko Matsumura for Abatōn (至高聖所)
  • 107 1992上 Tomomi Fujiwara for Untenshi (運転士 Driver)
  • 108 1992下 Yoko Tawada for Inumuko iri (犬婿入り The Bridegroom Was A Dog)
  • 109 1993上 Haruhiko Yoshimeki for Sekiryōkōya (寂寥郊野)
  • 110 1993下 Hikaru Okuizumi for Ishi no raireki (石の来歴 The Stones Cry Out)
  • 111 1994上 Mitsuhiro Muroi for Odorodeku (おどるでく)
  • 111 1994上 Yoriko Shono for Taimu surippu konbinaato (タイムスリップ・コンビナート The Time Slip Industrial Complex)
  • 112 1994下 no prize awarded
  • 113 1995上 Kazushi Hosaka for Kono hito no iki (この人の閾)
  • 114 1995下 Matayoshi Eiki for Buta no mukui (豚の報い Pig's Retribution)
  • 115 1996上 Hiromi Kawakami for Hebi o fumu (蛇を踏む Tread On A Snake)
  • 116 1996下 Hitonari Tsuji for Kaikyō no hikari (海峡の光 The Light from the Strait)
  • 116 1996下 Miri Yu for Kazoku shinema (家族シネマ Family Cinema)
  • 117 1997上 Shun Medoruma for Suiteki (水滴 A Drop Of Water)
  • 118 1997下 no prize awarded
  • 119 1998上 Mangetsu Hanamura for Gerumaniamu no yoru (ゲルマニウムの夜 Germanium Nights)
  • 119 1998上 Shu Fujisawa for Buenosu Airesu gozen reiji (ブエノスアイレス午前零時 Midnight In Buenos Aires)
  • 120 1998下 Keiichiro Hirano for Nisshoku (日蝕 Eclipse)
  • 121 1999上 no prize awarded
  • 122 1999下 Gengetsu for Kage no sumika (蔭の棲みか)
  • 122 1999下 Chiya Fujino for Natsu no yakusoku (夏の約束 Summer Promise)
  • 123 2000上 Kō Machida for Kiregire (きれぎれ Shreds)
  • 123 2000上 Hisaki Matsuura for Hana kutashi (花腐し A Spoiling Rain)
  • 124 2000下 Yuichi Seirai for Seisui (聖水 Holy Water)
  • 124 2000下 Toshiyuki Horie for Kuma no shikiishi (熊の敷石 The Bear and the Paving Stone)
  • 125 2001上 Sokyu Genyu for Chūin no hana (中陰の花 Flowers in Limbo )
  • 126 2001下 Yu Nagashima for Mōsupîdo de haha wa (猛スピードで母は More Speed Mama)
  • 127 2002上 Shuichi Yoshida for Paaku raifu (パーク・ライフ Park Life)
  • 128 2002下 Tamaki Daido for Shoppai doraibu (しょっぱいドライブ Salty Drives)
  • 129 2003上 Man'ichi Yoshimura for Hariganemushi (ハリガネムシ The Hairworm)
  • 130 2003下 Risa Wataya for Keritai senaka (蹴りたい背中 I Want to Kick You in the Back)
  • 130 2003下 Hitomi Kanehara for Hebi ni piasu (蛇にピアス Snakes and Earrings)
  • 131 2004上 Norio Mobu for Kaigo nyūmon (介護入門 Introduction to Nursing Care)
  • 132 2004下 Kazushige Abe for Gurando fināre (グランド・フィナーレ Grand Finale)
  • 133 2005上 Fuminori Nakamura for Tsuchi no naka no kodomo (土の中の子供 A Child in the Ground)
  • 134 2005下 Akiko Itoyama for Oki de matsu (沖で待つ Waiting Offshore)
  • 135 2006上 Takami Itō for Hachigatsu no rojō ni suteru (八月の路上に捨てる Throwing Stuff Away on a Road in August)
  • 136 2006下 Nanae Aoyama for Hitori biyori (ひとり日和)
  • 137 2007上 Tetsushi Suwa for Asatte no hito (アサッテの人)
  • 138 2007下 Mieko Kawakami for Chichi to ran (乳と卵)
  • 139 2008上 Yang Yi for Toki ga nijimu asa (時が滲む朝)
  • 140 2008下 Kikuko Tsumura for Potosuraimu no fune (ポトスライムの舟)
  • 141 2009上 Ken'ichirō Isozaki for Tsui no sumika (終の住処)
  • 142 2009下 No prize awarded
  • 143 2010上 Akiko Akazome for Otome no mikkoku (乙女の密告)
  • 144 2010下 Mariko Asabuki for Kikotowa (きことわ)
  • 144 2010下 Kenta Nishimura for Kueki ressha (苦役列車)
  • 145 2011上 No prize awarded
  • 146 2011下 Toh EnJoe for Dōkeshi no chō (道化師の蝶 "Harlequin Butterfly")
  • 146 2011下 Shinya Tanaka for Tomogui (共喰い "Cannibalism")
  • 147 2012上 Maki Kashimada for Meido meguri (冥土めぐり "Touring the Land of the Dead")
  • 148 2012下 Natsuko Kuroda for ab Sango (abさんご)
  • 149 2013上 Kaori Fujino for Tsume to Me (爪と目) "Nails and Eyes" [10]
  • 150 2013下 Hiroko Oyamada for Ana (Hole) [11]
  • 151 2014上 Tomoka Shibasaki for Haru No Niwa (Spring Garden) [12]
  • 152 2014下 Masatsugu Ono for 9 Nen Mae no Inori (A Prayer Nine Years Ago) [13]
  • 153 2015上 Keisuke Hada for Scrap and Build (スクラップアンドビルド)
  • 153 2015上 Naoki Matayoshi for Hibana (火花 "A Spark")
  • 154 2015下 Yusho Takiguchi for Shinde Inai Mono (死んでいない者)
  • 154 2015下 Yukiko Motoya for Irui Konin Tan (異類婚姻譚)
  • 155 2016上 Sayaka Murata for Konbini Ningen (コンビニ人間)
  • 156 2016下 Sumito Yamashita for Shinsekai (しんせかい "New World")[14]
  • 157 2017上 Shinsuke Numata for Eiri (影裏)[15]
  • 158 2017下 Chisako Wakatake for Ora Ora de Hitori Igumo (おらおらでひとりいぐも, "Live By Myself") [16]
  • 158 2017下 Yuka Ishii for Hyakunen Doro (百年泥, "100 Years Mud")
  • 159 2018上 Hiroki Takahashi for Okuribi (送り火, Ceremonial Fire)[17]

Current members of the selection committee[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fukue, Natsuko (February 14, 2012). "Literary awards run spectrum". The Japan Times. Archived from the original on February 15, 2012. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
  2. ^ a b Mack, Edward (2004). "Accounting for Taste: The Creation of the Akutagawa and Naoki Prizes for Literature". Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies. 64 (2): 291–340. doi:10.2307/25066744. JSTOR 25066744.
  3. ^ "Akutagawa Prize". Books from Japan. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  4. ^ Onishi, Norimitsu (March 27, 2004). "Just 20, She Captures Altered Japan in a Debut Novel". The New York Times. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  5. ^ "Natsuko Kuroda, 75, becomes oldest Akutagawa literary award winner". The Japan Times. January 17, 2013. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  6. ^ Beauchamp, Nancy Junko (May 1974). "Modern Japanese Novels in English: A Selected Bibliography" (PDF). Service Center Paper on Asian Studies (7).
  7. ^ Yi-ling Lin (2011). "Plagiarism, Hiroshima, and Intertextuality: Ibuse Masuji's Black Rain Reconsidered". 19 (2). 麗沢学際ジャーナル (Urarasawa interdisciplinary journal): 43. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  8. ^ Ohara, Kazuki (July 18, 2018). "Akutagawa literary prize candidate causing stir over alleged plagiarism". Mainichi Shimbun. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
  9. ^ "芥川賞受賞者一覧" (in Japanese). 日本文学振興会 (Society for the Promotion of Japanese Literature. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  10. ^ "Fujino wins Akutagawa award; Sakuragi gets Naoki prize". Japan Times. July 17, 2013. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  11. ^ "Literature prizes elevate women". Japan Times. January 25, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  12. ^ "Akutagawa, Naoki literary awards go to Shibasaki, Kurokawa". The Japan Times. July 17, 2014. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  13. ^ "Ono wins Akutagawa literary award; Nishi wins Naoki Prize". The Japan Times. January 16, 2015.
  14. ^ "Sumito Yamashita claims 156th Akutagawa Prize". The Japan Times. January 20, 2017.
  15. ^ "First-time writer Shinsuke Numata wins prestigious Akutagawa Prize". The Japan Times. July 19, 2017.
  16. ^ "Chisako Wakatake and Yuka Ishii win Akutagawa literary award; Yoshinobu Kadoi bags Naoki Prize". Japan Times. January 17, 2018. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
  17. ^ "第159回芥川賞に高橋弘希さん、直木賞は島本理生さん". Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). July 18, 2018. Retrieved July 27, 2018.