Akutagawa Prize

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Akutagawa Prize
芥川龍之介賞 (Akutagawa Ryūnosuke Shō)
Awarded forBest published literary story by a rising author
DateAugust 10, 1935 (1935-08-10)
CountryJapan
Presented bySociety for the Promotion of Japanese Literature
Reward(s)¥1,000,000, pocket watch
First awarded1935; 86 years ago (1935)
Websitewww.bunshun.co.jp/shinkoukai/award/akutagawa/

The Akutagawa Prize (芥川龍之介賞, Akutagawa Ryūnosuke Shō) is a Japanese literary award presented biannually (twice a year). Because of its prestige and the considerable attention the winner receives from the media, it is, along with the Naoki Prize, one of Japan's most sought after literary prizes.[1][2]

History[edit]

The Akutagawa Prize was established in 1935 by Kan Kikuchi, then-editor of Bungeishunjū magazine, in memory of author Ryūnosuke Akutagawa.[2] It is currently sponsored by the Society for the Promotion of Japanese Literature, and is awarded in January and July to the best serious literary story published in a newspaper or magazine by a new or rising author.[1] The winner receives a pocket watch and a cash award of 1 million yen. The judges usually include contemporary writers, literary critics, and former winners of the prize. Occasionally, when consensus cannot be reached between judges over disputes about the winning story or the quality of work for that half year, no prize is awarded. From 1945 through 1948 no prizes were awarded due to postwar instability.[3] The prize has frequently been split between two authors.[4]

On January 15, 2004, the awarding of the 130th Akutagawa Prize made significant news when two women became the award's youngest winners.[5] The prize went to both Risa Wataya, 19, for her novel I Want to Kick You in the Back (蹴りたい背中, Keritai Senaka) and to Hitomi Kanehara, 20, for her debut novel Snakes and Earrings (蛇にピアス, Hebi ni Piasu). Previously the youngest Akutagawa winners were all males over 23 years old, among them the former Tokyo Governor Shintaro Ishihara and novelist Kenzaburō Ōe.[6] In 2013 Natsuko Kuroda won the 148th Akutagawa Prize at age 75, making her the oldest recipient in the history of the prize.[7]

Controversies[edit]

In 1972, Akutagawa winner Akio Miyahara [ja] was found to have committed plagiarism.[8][9] In 2018, a similar controversy occurred when the candidate novel Utsukushii Kao by Yuko Hojo was found to have reused text from its nonfiction source material without attribution, but the Society for the Promotion of Japanese Literature did not remove the book from the candidate list.[10]

Winners[edit]

Bungeishunjū maintains an official archive of current and past winners on behalf of the Society for the Promotion of Japanese Literature.[11]

Key
Indicates the first half of the given year.
Indicates the second half of the given year.
# Year Author Work Published in
001 1935上 Tatsuzō Ishikawa Sōbō (蒼氓) Seiza (星座)
002 1935下 No prize awarded.
003 1936上 Takeo Oda [ja] Jōgai (城外) Bungaku Seikatsu (文學生活)
Tomoya Tsuruta [ja] Koshamain-Ki (コシャマイン記) Shōsetsu (小説)
004 1936下 Jun Ishikawa The Bodhisattva, or, Samantabhadra (普賢, Fugen) Sakuhin (作品)
Uio Tomisawa [ja] Chichūkai (地中海) Tōyō (東陽)
005 1937上 Kazuo Ozaki [ja] Rosy Glasses (暢氣眼鏡 他, Nonki Megane) Jinbutsu Hyōron (人物評論)
006 1937下 Ashihei Hino Fun'nyōtan (糞尿譚) Bungaku Kaigi (文學会議)
007 1938上 Gishū Nakayama Atsumonozaki (厚物咲) Bungakukai
008 1938下 Tsuneko Nakazato Noriaibasha, ta (乗合馬車 他)
009 1939上 Yoshiyuki Handa [ja] Niwatori Sōdō (鶏騒動) Bungei Shuto (文藝首都)
Ken Hase [ja] Asakusa no Kodomo (あさくさの子供) (虚實)
010 1939下 Kōtarō Samukawa [ja] Mitsuryōsha (密獵者) Sōsaku (創作)
011 1940上 No prize awarded.
012 1940下 Tsunehisa Sakurada [ja] Hiraga Gen'nai (平賀源内) Sakka Seishin (作家精神)
013 1941上 Yūkei Tada [ja] Chōkō Deruta (長江デルタ) Tairiku Ōrai (大陸往来)
014 1941下 Yoshiko Shibaki Seika no Ichi (青果の市) Bungei Shuto (文芸首都)
015 1942上 No prize awarded.
016 1942下 Toshio Kuramitsu [ja] Renrakuin (連絡員) Seitō (正統)
017 1943上 Kikuzō Ishizuka [ja] Tensoku no Koro (纏足の頃) Mōkyō Bungaku (蒙疆文學)
018 1943下 Kaoru Tōnobe [ja] Washi (和紙) Tōhoku Bungaku (東北文學)
019 1944上 Yoshinori Yagi Ryū Kanfū (劉廣福) Nihon Bungakusha (日本文學者)
Jūzō Obi [ja] Tōhan (登攀) Kokumin Bungaku (國民文學)
020 1944下 Motoyoshi Shimizu Karitachi (雁立) Nihon Bungakusha (日本文學者)
021 1949上 Tsuyoshi Kotani [ja] Kakushō (確証) Sakka (作家)
Shigeko Yuki Hon no Hanashi (本の話) Sakuhin (作品)
022 1949下 Yasushi Inoue Bullfight (闘牛, Tōgyū) Bungakukai
023 1950上 Ryōichi Tsuji [ja] Ihōjin (異邦人) Shin Shōsetsu (新小説)
024 1950下 No prize awarded.
025 1951上 Kōbō Abe The Wall ― The Crime of S. Karma (壁―S・カルマ氏の犯罪, Kabe—S. Karuma shi no Hanzai) Kindai Bungaku [ja]
Toshimitsu Ishikawa [ja] Haru no Kusa (春の草 他) Bungakukai
026 1951下 Yoshie Hotta Hiroba no Kodoku, Kankan, sono ta (広場の孤独・漢奸その他) Chūōkōron
027 1952上 No prize awarded.
028 1952下 Kōsuke Gomi Sōshin (喪神) Shinchō
Seichō Matsumoto Aru "Kokura Nikki" Den (或る「小倉日記」伝) Mita Bungaku
029 1953上 Shōtarō Yasuoka Bad Company (悪い仲間, Warui Nakama) Gunzō
Inki na Tanoshimi (陰気な愉しみ) Shinchō
030 1953下 No prize awarded.
031 1954上 Junnosuke Yoshiyuki Sudden Shower and others (驟雨・その他, Shūu, sono ta) Bungakukai
032 1954下 Nobuo Kojima The American School (アメリカン・スクール, Amerikan Sukūru)
Junzō Shōno Evenings at the Pool (プールサイド小景, Pūrusaido Shōkei) Gunzō
033 1955上 Shūsaku Endō White Man (白い人, Shiroi Hito) Kindai Bungaku [ja]
034 1955下 Shintarō Ishihara Season of Violence (太陽の季節, Taiyō no Kisetsu) Bungakukai
035 1956上 Keitarō Kondō [ja] Amabune (海人舟)
036 1956下 No prize awarded.
037 1957上 Itaru Kikumura [ja] Iōjima (硫黄島) Bungakukai
038 1957下 Takeshi Kaikō Hadaka no Ōsama (裸の王様)
039 1958上 Kenzaburō Ōe Prize Stock (飼育, Shiiku)
040 1958下 No prize awarded.
041 1959上 Shirō Shiba [ja] Santō (山塔) Waseda Bungaku [ja]
042 1959下 No prize awarded.
043 1960上 Morio Kita Yoru to Kiri no Sumi de (夜と霧の隅で) Shinchō
044 1960下 Tetsuo Miura [ja] Shinobukawa (忍ぶ川)
045 1961上 No prize awarded.
046 1961下 Kōichirō Uno Kujiragami (鯨神) Bungakukai
047 1962上 Akira Kawamura [ja] Bidan no Shuppatsu (美談の出発) Bungakugai (文学街)
048 1962下 No prize awarded.
049 1963上 Kiichi Gotō [ja] Shōnen no Hashi (少年の橋) Yamagata Bungaku (山形文学)
Kōno Taeko Crabs (, Kani) Bungakukai
050 1963下 Seiko Tanabe Kanshō Ryokō (Senchimentaru Jāni) (感傷旅行 センチメンタル・ジャーニィ) Kōro (航路)
051 1964上 Shō Shibata [ja] Saredo Wareraga Hibi (されどわれらが日々──) ()
052 1964下 No prize awarded.
053 1965上 Setsuko Tsumura Gangu (玩具) Bungakukai
054 1965下 Yūichi Takai Kita no Kawa (北の河) Sai ()
055 1966上 No prize awarded.
056 1966下 Kenji Maruyama Natsu no Nagare (夏の流れ) Bungakukai
057 1967上 Tatsuhiro Ōshiro The Cocktail Party (カクテル・パーティー, Kakuteru Pātī) Shin Okinawa Bungaku (新沖縄文学)
058 1967下 Hyōzō Kashiwabara [ja] Tokuyama Dōsuke no Kikyō (徳山道助の帰郷) Shinchō
059 1968上 Saiichi Maruya Toshi no Nokori (年の残り) Bungakukai
Minako Ōba The Three Crabs (三匹の蟹, Sanbiki no Kani) Gunzō
060 1968下 No prize awarded.
061 1969上 Kaoru Shōji [ja] Akazukin-chan Ki o Tsukete (赤頭巾ちゃん気をつけて) Chūōkōron
Hideo Takubo Fukai Kawa (深い河) Shinchō
062 1969下 Takayuki Kiyooka Akashiya no Dairen (アカシヤの大連) Gunzō
063 1970上 Tomoko Yoshida Mumyōjōya (無明長夜) Shinchō
Komao Furuyama [ja] Pureō 8 no Yoake (プレオー8の夜明け) Bungei
064 1970下 Yoshikichi Furui Yoko (杳子, Yōko)
065 1971上 No prize awarded.
066 1971下 Kaisei Ri Kinuta o Utsu Onna (砧をうつ女) Kikan Geijutsu (季刊芸術)
Mineo Higashi Child of Okinawa (オキナワの少年, Okinawa no Shōnen) Bungakukai
067 1972上 Hiroshi Hatayama [ja] Itsuka Kiteki o Narashite (いつか汽笛を鳴らして)
Akio Miyahara [ja] Dareka ga Sawatta (誰かが触った) Bungei
068 1972下 Michiko Yamamoto Betty's Garden (ベティさんの庭, Betei-san no Niwa) Shinchō
Shizuko Gō [ja] Requiem (れくいえむ, Rekuiemu) Bungakukai
069 1973上 Taku Miki Hiwa () Subaru [ja]
070 1973下 Kuninobu Noro [ja] Kusa no Tsurugi (草のつるぎ) Bungakukai
Atsushi Mori [ja] Gassan (月山) Kikan Geijutsu (季刊芸術)
071 1974上 No prize awarded.
072 1974下 Keizō Hino Ano Yūhi (あの夕陽) Shinchō
Hiro Sakata [ja] Tsuchi no Utsuwa (土の器) Bungakukai
073 1975上 Kyōko Hayashi Ritual of Death (祭りの場, Matsuri no Ba) Gunzō
074 1975下 Kenji Nakagami The Cape (, Misaki) Bungakukai
Kazuo Okamatsu Shikanoshima (志賀島)
075 1976上 Ryū Murakami Almost Transparent Blue (限りなく透明に近いブルー, Kagirinaku Tōmei ni Chikai Burū) Gunzō
076 1976下 No prize awarded.
077 1977上 Masahiro Mita [ja] Bokutte Nani (僕って何) Bungei
Masuo Ikeda Ēgekai ni Sasagu (エーゲ海に捧ぐ) Shōsetsu Yasei Jidai [ja]
078 1977下 Teru Miyamoto River of Fireflies (螢川, Hotarugawa) Bungei Tenbō (文芸展望)
Shūzō Taki [ja] Kaya no Ki Matsuri (榧の木祭り) Shinchō
079 1978上 Kiichirō Takahashi [ja] Nobuyo (伸予) Bungei
Michitsuna Takahashi [ja] Kugatsu no Sora (九月の空)
080 1978下 No prize awarded.
081 1979上 Yoshiko Shigekane The Smoke in the Mountain Valley (やまあいの煙, Yamaai no Kemuri) Bungakukai
Sō Aono Gusha no Yoru (愚者の夜)
082 1979下 Reiko Mori Mokkingubādo no Iru Machi (モッキングバードのいる町) Shinchō
083 1980上 No prize awarded.
084 1980下 Katsuhiko Otsuji Chichi ga Kieta (父が消えた) Bungakukai
085 1981上 Rie Yoshiyuki Chisana Kifujin (小さな貴婦人) Shinchō
086 1981下 No prize awarded.
087 1982上
088 1982下 Yukiko Katō [ja] Yume no Kabe (夢の壁) Shinchō
Jūrō Kara Sagawa-kun Kara no Tegami (佐川君からの手紙) Bungei
089 1983上 No prize awarded.
090 1983下 Jun Kasahara [ja] Mokuji no Sekai (杢二の世界) Kaien [ja]
Nobuko Takagi Hikari Idaku Tomo yo (光抱く友よ) Shinchō
091 1984上 No prize awarded.
092 1984下 Satoko Kizaki The Phoenix Tree (青桐, Aogiri) Bungakukai
093 1985上 No prize awarded.
094 1985下 Fumiko Kometani Passover (過越しの祭, Sugikoshi no matsuri) Shinchō
095 1986上 No prize awarded.
096 1986下
097 1987上 Kiyoko Murata Nabe no Naka (鍋の中) Bungakukai
098 1987下 Natsuki Ikezawa Still Life (スティル・ライフ, Sutiru Raifu) Chūōkōron
Kiyohiro Miura He's Leaving Home: My Young Son Becomes a Zen Monk (長男の出家, Chōnan no Shukke) Kaien [ja]
099 1988上 Man Arai [ja] Tazunebito no Jikan (尋ね人の時間) Bungakukai
100 1988下 Keishi Nagi [ja] Daiyamondo Dasuto (ダイヤモンドダスト)
Lee Yangji Yuhi (由煕) Gunzō
101 1989上 No prize awarded.
102 1989下 Akira Ōoka [ja] Hyōsō Seikatsu (表層生活) Bungakukai
Mieko Takizawa [ja] Nekobaba no Iru Machi de (ネコババのいる町で)
103 1990上 Noboru Tsujihara Mura no Namae (村の名前)
104 1990下 Yōko Ogawa Pregnancy Diary (妊娠カレンダー, Ninshin Karendā)
105 1991上 Yō Henmi [ja] Jidō Kishō Sōchi (自動起床装置)
Anna Ogino Seoimizu (背負い水)
106 1991下 Eiko Matsumura [ja] Shikō Seisho Apatōn (至高聖所 アバトーン) Kaien [ja]
107 1992上 Tomomi Fujiwara [ja] Untenshi (運転士) Gunzō
108 1992下 Yōko Tawada The Bridegroom Was a Dog (犬婿入り, Inu mukoiri)
109 1993上 Haruhiko Yoshimeki [ja] Sekiryō Kōya (寂寥郊野)
110 1993下 Hikaru Okuizumi The Stones Cry Out (石の来歴, Ishi no Raireki) Bungakukai
111 1994上 Mitsuhiro Muroi [ja] Odorudeku (おどるでく) Gunzō
Yoriko Shōno Taimu Surippu Konbināto (タイムスリップ・コンビナート) Bungakukai
112 1994下 No prize awarded.
113 1995上 Kazushi Hosaka Kono Hito no Iki (この人の閾) Shinchō
114 1995下 Eiki Matayoshi Buta no Mukui (豚の報い) Bungakukai
115 1996上 Hiromi Kawakami Hebi o Fumu (蛇を踏む)
116 1996下 Hitonari Tsuji Kaikyō no Hikari (海峡の光) Shinchō
Yū Miri Kazoku Shinema (家族シネマ) Gunzō
117 1997上 Shun Medoruma Droplets (水滴, Suiteki) Bungakukai
118 1997下 No prize awarded.
119 1998上 Mangetsu Hanamura [ja] Gerumaniamu no Yoru (ゲルマニウムの夜) Bungakukai
Shū Fujisawa Buenosu Airesu Gozen Reiji (ブエノスアイレス午前零時) Bungei
120 1998下 Keiichirō Hirano Nisshoku (日蝕) Shinchō
121 1999上 No prize awarded.
122 1999下 Gen Getsu [ja] Kage no Sumika (蔭の棲みか) Bungakukai
Chiya Fujino Natsu no Yakusoku (夏の約束) Gunzō
123 2000上 Kō Machida Kiregire (きれぎれ) Bungakukai
Hisaki Matsuura Hana Kutashi (花腐し) Gunzō
124 2000下 Yūichi Seirai [ja] Seisui (聖水) Bungakukai
Toshiyuki Horie The Bear and the Paving Stone (熊の敷石, Kuma no Shikiishi) Gunzō
125 2001上 Sōkyū Gen'yū [ja] Chūin no Hana (中陰の花) Bungakukai
126 2001下 Yū Nagashima [ja] Mō-Supīdo de Haha wa (猛スピードで母は)
127 2002上 Shūichi Yoshida Pāku Raifu (パーク・ライフ)
128 2002下 Tamaki Daidō Shoppai Doraibu (しょっぱいドライブ)
129 2003上 Man'ichi Yoshimura [ja] Hariganemushi (ハリガネムシ)
130 2003下 Hitomi Kanehara Snakes and Earrings (蛇にピアス, Hebi ni Piasu) Subaru [ja]
Risa Wataya I Want to Kick You in the Back (蹴りたい背中, Keritai Senaka) Bungei
131 2004上 Norio Mobu [ja] Kaigo Nyūmon (介護入門) Bungakukai
132 2004下 Kazushige Abe Gurando Fināre (グランド・フィナーレ) Gunzō
133 2005上 Fuminori Nakamura The Boy in the Earth (土の中の子供, Tsuchi no Naka no Kodomo) Shinchō
134 2005下 Akiko Itoyama Waiting in the Offing (沖で待つ, Oki de Matsu) Bungakukai
135 2006上 Takami Itō Hachigatsu no Rojō ni Suteru (八月の路上に捨てる)
136 2006下 Nanae Aoyama Hitori Biyori (ひとり日和) Bungei
137 2007上 Tetsushi Suwa Asatte no Hito (アサッテの人) Gunzō
138 2007下 Mieko Kawakami Breasts and Eggs (乳と卵, Chichi to Ran) Bungakukai
139 2008上 Yang Yi Toki ga Nijimu Asa (時が滲む朝)
140 2008下 Kikuko Tsumura Potosu Raimu no Fune (ポトスライムの舟) Gunzō
141 2009上 Ken'ichirō Isozaki [ja] Tsui no Sumika (終の住処) Shinchō
142 2009下 No prize awarded.
143 2010上 Akiko Akazome Otome no Mikkoku (乙女の密告) Shinchō
144 2010下 Mariko Asabuki Kikotowa (きことわ)
Kenta Nishimura Kueki Ressha (苦役列車)
145 2011上 No prize awarded.
146 2011下 Toh EnJoe Harlequin's Butterfly (道化師の蝶, Dōkeshi no Chō) Gunzō
Shinya Tanaka [ja] Tomogui (共喰い) Subaru [ja]
147 2012上 Maki Kashimada Touring the Land of the Dead (冥土めぐり, Meido Meguri) Bungei
148 2012下 Natsuko Kuroda ab Sango (abさんご) Waseda Bungaku [ja]
149 2013上 Kaori Fujino Tsume to Me (爪と目)[12] Shinchō
150 2013下 Hiroko Oyamada The Hole (, Ana)[13]
151 2014上 Tomoka Shibasaki Spring Garden (春の庭, Haru no Niwa)[14] Bungakukai
152 2014下 Masatsugu Ono Kyūnenmae no Inori (九年前の祈り)[15] Gunzō
153 2015上 Keisuke Hada [ja] Sukurappu Ando Birudo (スクラップ・アンド・ビルド) Bungakukai
Naoki Matayoshi Spark (火花, Hibana)
154 2015下 Yūshō Takiguchi [ja] Shinde Inai Mono (死んでいない者)
Yukiko Motoya Irui Konin Tan (異類婚姻譚) Gunzō
155 2016上 Sayaka Murata Convenience Store Woman (コンビニ人間, Konbini Ningen) Bungakukai
156 2016下 Sumito Yamashita Shinsekai (しんせかい)[16] Shinchō
157 2017上 Shinsuke Numata Eiri (影裏)[17] Bungakukai
158 2017下 Chisako Wakatake Ora Ora de Hitori Igumo (おらおらでひとりいぐも)[18] Bungei
Yūka Ishii Hyakunen Doro (百年泥) Shinchō
159 2018上 Hiroki Takahashi [ja] Okuribi (送り火)[19] Bungakukai
160 2018下 Ryōhei Machiya 1R 1-Pun 34-Byō (1R1分34秒)[20] Shinchō
Takahiro Ueda Nimuroddo (ニムロッド)[20] Gunzō
161 2019上 Natsuko Imamura Murasaki no Sukāto no Onna (むらさきのスカートの女)[21] Shōsetsu Tripper [ja]
162 2019下 Makoto Furukawa Seitaka Awadachisō (背高泡立草)[22] Subaru [ja]
163 2020上 Haruka Tono Hakyoku (破局)[23] Bungei
Haneko Takayama Shuri no Uma (首里の馬)[24] Shinchō
164 2020下 Rin Usami [ja] Oshi, Moyu (推し、燃ゆ)[25] Bungei
165 2021上 Li Kotomi Higanbana ga saku shima (彼岸花が咲く島)[26] Bungakukai
Mai Ishizawa [ja] Kai ni tsudzuku basho nite (貝に続く場所にて)[26] Gunzō

Current members of the selection committee[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fukue, Natsuko (February 14, 2012). "Literary awards run spectrum". The Japan Times. Archived from the original on February 15, 2012. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
  2. ^ a b Mack, Edward (2004). "Accounting for Taste: The Creation of the Akutagawa and Naoki Prizes for Literature". Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies. 64 (2): 291–340. doi:10.2307/25066744. JSTOR 25066744.
  3. ^ "Akutagawa Prize". Books from Japan. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  4. ^ Rebecca L. Copeland; Esperanza Ramirez-Christensen (31 July 2001). The Father-Daughter Plot: Japanese Literary Women and the Law of the Father. University of Hawaii Press. p. 287. ISBN 978-0-8248-6471-2.
  5. ^ Onishi, Norimitsu (March 27, 2004). "Just 20, She Captures Altered Japan in a Debut Novel". The New York Times. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  6. ^ "Women become youngest recipients of literary award". The Japan Times. 16 January 2004. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Natsuko Kuroda, 75, becomes oldest Akutagawa literary award winner". The Japan Times. January 17, 2013. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  8. ^ Beauchamp, Nancy Junko (May 1974). "Modern Japanese Novels in English: A Selected Bibliography" (PDF). Service Center Paper on Asian Studies (7).
  9. ^ Yi-ling Lin (2011). "Plagiarism, Hiroshima, and Intertextuality: Ibuse Masuji's Black Rain Reconsidered". 19 (2). 麗沢学際ジャーナル (Urarasawa interdisciplinary journal): 43. Retrieved August 19, 2014. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. ^ Ohara, Kazuki (July 18, 2018). "Akutagawa literary prize candidate causing stir over alleged plagiarism". Mainichi Shimbun. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
  11. ^ "芥川賞受賞者一覧" (in Japanese). 日本文学振興会 (Society for the Promotion of Japanese Literature. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  12. ^ "Fujino wins Akutagawa award; Sakuragi gets Naoki prize". Japan Times. July 17, 2013. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  13. ^ "Literature prizes elevate women". Japan Times. January 25, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  14. ^ "Akutagawa, Naoki literary awards go to Shibasaki, Kurokawa". The Japan Times. July 17, 2014. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  15. ^ "Ono wins Akutagawa literary award; Nishi wins Naoki Prize". The Japan Times. January 16, 2015.
  16. ^ "Sumito Yamashita claims 156th Akutagawa Prize". The Japan Times. January 20, 2017.
  17. ^ "First-time writer Shinsuke Numata wins prestigious Akutagawa Prize". The Japan Times. July 19, 2017.
  18. ^ "Chisako Wakatake and Yuka Ishii win Akutagawa literary award; Yoshinobu Kadoi bags Naoki Prize". Japan Times. January 17, 2018. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
  19. ^ "第159回芥川賞に高橋弘希さん、直木賞は島本理生さん". Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). July 18, 2018. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
  20. ^ a b "古市氏は受賞逃す、芥川賞に上田岳弘氏と町屋良平氏". Nikkan Sports (in Japanese). January 16, 2019. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  21. ^ "Two women named for Japan's Akutagawa, Naoki literary awards". Kyodo News. July 17, 2019. Retrieved July 17, 2019 – via The Japan Times.
  22. ^ "Novelists Makoto Furukawa and Soichi Kawagoe to receive Japan's Akutagawa and Naoki literary prizes". Kyodo News. January 16, 2020. Retrieved January 16, 2020 – via The Japan Times.
  23. ^ "Novelists Takayama and Tono win Akutagawa awards; Hase wins Naoki Prize". The Japan Times. 16 July 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  24. ^ "第163回芥川賞 高山羽根子さん『首里の馬』と遠野遥『破局』がダブル受賞". bunshun.jp (in Japanese). 15 July 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  25. ^ "Two women win Japan's Akutagawa and Naoki literary awards". The Japan Times. 21 January 2021. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  26. ^ a b "第165回芥川賞と直木賞 それぞれ2作品が決まる". NHK (in Japanese). 14 July 2021. Retrieved August 25, 2021.