Alaskan ice cream
|Alternative names||Native ice cream, Alaskan ice cream|
|Place of origin||United States|
|Region or state||Alaska|
|Created by||Alaskan Athabaskans, Inuit and Yupik peoples|
|Main ingredients||dried fish or meat, fat, berries|
Alaskan ice cream (also known as Alaskan Indian ice cream, Inuit ice cream, Indian ice cream or Native ice cream, and Inuit-Yupik varieties of which are known as akutaq or akutuq) is a dessert made by Alaskan Athabaskans and other Alaska Natives. It is traditionally made of whipped fat or tallow (e.g. caribou, moose, or walrus tallow, or seal oil) and meat (such as dried fish, especially pike, sheefish or inconnu, whitefish or cisco, or freshwater whitefishes, or dried moose or caribou) mixed with berries (especially cowberry, bilberry, Vaccinium oxycoccos or other cranberries, bearberry, crowberry, salmonberry, cloudberry or low-bush salmonberry, raspberry, blueberry, or prickly rose) or mild sweeteners such as roots of Indian potato or wild carrot, mixed and whipped with a whisk. It may also include tundra greens. There is also a kind of akutaq which is called snow akutaq. The most common recipes for Indian ice cream consist of dried and pulverized moose or caribou tenderloin that is blended with moose fat (traditionally in a birch bark container) until the mixture is light and fluffy. It may be eaten unfrozen or frozen, and in the latter case it somewhat resembles commercial ice cream.
"Ice cream songs" used to be sung during the preparation of Alaskan Athabascan Indian ice cream.
Recent additions include sugar, milk, and vegetable shortening.
|Athabaskan language||ice cream|
|Koyukon||nonaałdlode (lit. 'creamed one' or 'that which has been whipped up')|
|Inuit-Yupik language||ice cream|
|Iñupiaq (Northern)||akutuq (lit. 'mixed/stirred together')|
|Inupiaq (Bering Straits)||agutaq (lit. 'mixed/stirred together')|
|Yup'ik||akutaq (lit. 'mixed/stirred together')|
|Alutiiq (Northern)||akutaq, sisuq|
|Alutiiq (Southern)||akutaq, pirinaq|
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