Akwa Ibom State
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Akwa Ibom State
Location of Akwa Ibom in Nigeria
|Coordinates (neymar): Coordinates:|
|Date created||23 September 1987|
| • Governor |
|Udom Gabriel Emmanuel (PDP)|
|• Deputy Governor||Moses Ekpo|
|• Legislature||Akwa Ibom State House of Assembly|
|• Total||7,081 km2 (2,734 sq mi)|
|Area rank||30 of 36|
|• Rank||15 of 36|
|• Density||770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|• Total||$11.18 billion|
|• Per capita||$2,779|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (WAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||NG-AK|
|HDI (2016)||0.564 · 3 of 36|
Akwa Ibom is a state in Nigeria. It is located in the coastal southern part of the country called the Niger Delta, lying between latitudes 4°32′N and 5°33′N, and longitudes 7°25′E and 8°25′E. The state is located in the South-South geopolitical zone, and is bordered on the east by Cross River State, on the west by Rivers State and Abia State, and on the south by the Atlantic Ocean and the southernmost tip of Cross River State.
Akwa Ibom is one of Nigeria's 36 states, with a population of over five million people. The state was created in 1987 from the former Cross River State and is currently the highest oil- and gas-producing state in the country. The state's capital is Uyo, with over 500,000 inhabitants. Akwa Ibom has an airport and two major seaports on the Atlantic Ocean with a proposed construction of a world-class seaport Ibaka Seaport at Oron. The state also boasts of a 30,000-seat ultramodern sports complex. It is shaped like the Allianz arena stadium and it has modern and world-class facilities.  Akwa Ibom state is also home to the Ibom E-Library, a world-class information centre. In addition to English, the main spoken languages are Ibibio, Annang, Eket and Oron.
Ministries Departments and Agencies (MDAs) in Akwa Ibom
Here are the list of ministries in Akwa Ibom
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Justice
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Agriculture and Food Sufficiency
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Finance
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Works
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Education
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Environment
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Transport & Petroleum Resources
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Local Government and Chieftaincy Affairs
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Lands & Town Planning
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Information & Strategy
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Health
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Science & Technology
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Welfare
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Youth & Sports
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Housing & Special Duties
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Economic Development Labour and Manpower Planning
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Investment, Commerce and Industries
- Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Culture and Tourism
- Akwa Ibom State Bureau of Political/Legislative Affairs and Water Resources
- Akwa Ibom State Bureau of Rural Development & Cooperatives
- Akwa Ibom State Roads and Other Infrastructure Maintenance Agency - AKROIMA
Local Government Areas
Akwa Ibom State consists of thirty one (31) local government areas. They are:
The people are predominantly Christian. The main ethnic groups of the state are:
Including their Efik brothers and sisters of Cross River State, they speak various dialects of the Efik-Ibibio Language, which belongs to the Benue–Congo language family, which forms part of the Niger–Congo group of languages.
Despite the homogeneity, no central government existed among the people of what is now Akwa Ibom State prior to the British invasion in 1904. Instead, the Annang, Oron, Efik, Ibonos and Ibibio were all autonomous groups.
Although several Scottish missionaries arrived in Calabar in 1848, and Ibono in 1887, the British did not firmly establish control of the area until 1904. In that year, the Enyong Division was created encompassing the area of the current state of Akwa Ibom, with headquarters at Ikot Ekpene, an Annang city described by the noted Africanist Kaanan Nair, as the cultural and political capital of Annang and Ibibio.
The creation of Enyong Division for the first time allowed the numerous ethnic groups to come together. This further provided a venue for the creation of the Ibibio Welfare Union, later renamed Ibibio State Union. This social organization was first organized as a local development and improvement forum for educated persons and groups who were shut out from the colonial administration in 1929. Nonetheless, some historians have wrongly pointed to the union to buttress their argument about the homogeneity of groups in the area. The Obolo Union, comprising Ibono and Andoni stock, was another strong socioeconomic and cultural organization that thrived in the region. The Ibono people have fought wars to maintain their unique identity and territory in the region more than any other group.
The Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Education is tasked with monitoring the education sector of the state. The current region of Akwa Ibom State in old Calabar Kingdom was the first to encounter Western education in Nigeria with the establishment of Hope Waddell Training Institute, at Calabar in 1895, and the Methodist Boys' High School, Oron in 1905 as well as other top schools such as the Holy Family College at Abak and Regina Coeli College in Essene.
Some educational institutes in the state are:
- University of Uyo, Uyo
- Maritime Academy of Nigeria, Oron
- Akwa Ibom State University [Oruk Anam LGA And Mkpat Enin LGA]
- Obong University, Obong Ntak
- Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic Ikot Osurua
- Uyo City Polytechnic Nduetong Oku
- Apex Polytechnic
- Heritage Polytechnic, Eket
- School of Nursing; Uyo, Eket, Oron, Ikot Ekpene, Etinan
- Akwa Ibom State College of Education, Afaha Nsit
- School Of Basic Studies Abak
- College of Arts & Sciences, Nnung Ukim
- Ritman University
- Sure Polytechnic, Ukanafun
Notable People from Akwa Ibom
- Obong Victor Attah Former governor of Akwa Ibom State
- Udom Gabriel Emmanuel, Governor of Akwa Ibom State from May 2015 to date
- Senator Ita Enang Senior Special Assistant to President Muhammadu Buhari
- Godswill Obot Akpabio Former governor of Akwa Ibom State. Former Senate Minority Leader
- Idongesit Nkanga Former military governor of Akwa Ibom State
- Effiong Bob
- Chris Ekpenyong Former deputy governor of Akwa Ibom State in the Victor Attah administration.
- Ufot Ekaette, Secretary to the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007 under President Olusegun Obasanjo
- Onofiok Luke, the 11th Speaker of the Akwa Ibom State House of Assembly and the Pioneer Speaker of the Nigeria Youth Parliament.
- Akpan Isemin Elected governor of Akwa Ibom State in Nigeria from January 1992 to November 1993 during the Nigerian Third Republic
- Late Dominic Cardinal Ekandem (CFR) first cardinal in English-speaking West Africa. First Nigerian Cardinal to qualify as a candidate to the papacy.
- Late Chief (Dr) Clement Isong (CFR) second governor, Central Bank of Nigeria. First civilian governor of the former Cross River State
- Charles Bassey, member of 1980 Super Eagles, winner of African Cup of Nations
- Samuel Okon Peter (OON), (DSP) World heavyweight boxing champion.
- Vincent Enyeama Professional footballer (Goalie) and former Super Eagle captain.
- Chief Don Etiebet, Former Minister of Petroleum
- Nse Ikpe-Etim, Nollywood Actress
- Ini Edo, Nollywood Actress
- Ime Bishop Umoh, Nollywood Actor
- Etim Inyang, Former Inspector General of the Nigerian Police Force (I.G.P) 1985 to 1986
Politics in Akwa Ibom state are dominated by the three main ethnic groups, the Ibibio, Annang and Oron. Of these three, the Ibibio remain the majority and have held sway in the state since its creation. For the past eight years, the Annang people held sway, since the governor for those eight years was from Ikot Ekpene senatorial district.
- Akwa Ibom State History
- "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Archived from the original on March 11, 2012. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
- "National Human Development Report 2018" (PDF).
- "Akwa Ibom State international stadium – Hotels.ng". Hotels.ng. Retrieved 2018-04-02.
- "Akwa Ibom State Government official Website gets a new look – The Premium Herald". The Premium Herald. Retrieved 2016-04-07.
- https://www.nigeriagalleria.com. "Brief History of Akwa Ibom State:: Nigeria Information & Guide". www.nigeriagalleria.com. Retrieved 2018-07-25.