Alénya

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Alénya
Commune
The town hall in Alénya
The town hall in Alénya
Coat of arms of Alénya
Coat of arms
Alénya is located in France
Alénya
Alénya
Coordinates: 42°38′27″N 2°58′57″E / 42.6408°N 2.9825°E / 42.6408; 2.9825Coordinates: 42°38′27″N 2°58′57″E / 42.6408°N 2.9825°E / 42.6408; 2.9825
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Pyrénées-Orientales
Arrondissement Céret
Canton La Plaine d'Illibéris
Intercommunality CCSR
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Jean-André Magdalou
Area1 5.34 km2 (2.06 sq mi)
Population (2014)2 3,419
 • Density 640/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 66002 /66200
Elevation 3–18 m (9.8–59.1 ft)
(avg. 5 m or 16 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Alénya (Catalan: Alenyà) is a commun in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France.

The village is surrounded by wine fields. Apricot and peach are also grown here.

Geography[edit]

Localisation[edit]

Alénya covers an area of 5.34 km2 (2.06 sq mi), with 434 inhabitants per km². It is located about 10 km (6.2 mi) from Perpignan and borders the municipalities of Saint-Nazaire, Canet-en-Roussillon, Saint-Cyprien, Elne, Corneilla del Vercol, Théza, and Saleilles. Alénya has a Mediterranean climate.

Alénya is located in the canton of La Plaine d'Illibéris and in the arrondissement of Perpignan.

Map of Alénya and its surrounding communes

Neighbouring communes[edit]

History[edit]

Alénya was first inhabited by the Celts and was conquered by the Romans in c. 121 BC. It was first mentioned in 904 in a document mentioning towns on the Elne.

Before 1214 Alénya was only a small hamlet with little importance. That was the year its first church was built. A second church which still stands today was built in 1593. Among its attractions is a statue of the Virgin Mary from the fifteenth century.[1]

Government and politics[edit]

Canton[edit]

In 1790, the commune of Alénya is included into the canton of Elne, then part of the Perpignan district. It is moved to the canton of East-Perpignan in 1801, before being included into the canton of Perpignan-3 in 1973 and, finally, into the canton of La Côte Radieuse in 1982.[2] Following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015, Alénya is now part of the canton of La Plaine d'Illibéris.[3]

Mayors[edit]

Mayor Term start Term end
Simone Parrot 1965 1983
Jacques Pumareda 2001 2014
Jean-André Magdalou 2014

Population[edit]

The people of Alénya are called Alényanais.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1962 661 —    
1968 678 +2.6%
1975 1,006 +48.4%
1982 1,211 +20.4%
1990 1,562 +29.0%
1999 2,318 +48.4%
2006 2,780 +19.9%
2009 3,020 +8.6%

Sites of interest[edit]

  • The Sainte-Eulalie-et-Sainte-Julie church, built from 1593.
  • The Ortaffa medieval house.
  • The Pedra Martina, a medieval boundary stone.
  • The Pompe Bonne, an old fountain.
  • The former castle and Saint-Martin church of Boaça, both medieval and once located to the west of Alénya, were destroyed in 1974 to build a summer camp.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alénya History (in French)
  2. ^ Jean-Pierre Pélissier, Paroisses et communes de France : dictionnaire d'histoire administrative et démographique, vol. 66 : Pyrénées-Orientales, Paris, CNRS, 1986
  3. ^ Légifrance, Décret n°2014-262 du 26 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département des Pyrénées-Orientales.