Alénya

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Alénya
The town hall in Alénya
The town hall in Alénya
Coat of arms of Alénya
Coat of arms
Location of Alénya
Alénya is located in France
Alénya
Alénya
Alénya is located in Occitanie
Alénya
Alénya
Coordinates: 42°38′27″N 2°58′57″E / 42.6408°N 2.9825°E / 42.6408; 2.9825Coordinates: 42°38′27″N 2°58′57″E / 42.6408°N 2.9825°E / 42.6408; 2.9825
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
DepartmentPyrénées-Orientales
ArrondissementCéret
CantonLa Plaine d'Illibéris
IntercommunalitySud Roussillon
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Jean-André Magdalou
Area
1
5.34 km2 (2.06 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
3,593
 • Density670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
66002 /66200
Elevation3–18 m (9.8–59.1 ft)
(avg. 5 m or 16 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Alénya (Catalan: Alenyà) is a commun in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France.

The village is surrounded by wine fields. Apricot and peach are also grown here.

Geography[edit]

Localisation[edit]

Alénya covers an area of 5.34 km2 (2.06 sq mi), with 434 inhabitants per km². It is located about 10 km (6.2 mi) from Perpignan and borders the municipalities of Saint-Nazaire, Canet-en-Roussillon, Saint-Cyprien, Elne, Corneilla del Vercol, Théza, and Saleilles. Alénya has a Mediterranean climate.

Alénya is located in the canton of La Plaine d'Illibéris and in the arrondissement of Perpignan.

Map of Alénya and its surrounding communes

Neighbouring communes[edit]

History[edit]

Alénya was first inhabited by the Celts and was conquered by the Romans in c. 121 BC. It was first mentioned in 904 in a document mentioning towns on the Elne.

Before 1214 Alénya was only a small hamlet with little importance. That was the year its first church was built. A second church which still stands today was built in 1593. Among its attractions is a statue of the Virgin Mary from the fifteenth century.[2]

Government and politics[edit]

Canton[edit]

In 1790, the commune of Alénya is included into the canton of Elne, then part of the Perpignan district. It is moved to the canton of East-Perpignan in 1801, before being included into the canton of Perpignan-3 in 1973 and, finally, into the canton of La Côte Radieuse in 1982.[3] Following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015, Alénya is now part of the canton of La Plaine d'Illibéris.[4]

Mayors[edit]

Mayor Term start Term end
Simone Parrot 1965 1983
Jacques Pumareda 2001 2014
Jean-André Magdalou 2014 Present

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
20062,780—    
20072,846+2.4%
20082,912+2.3%
20093,020+3.7%
20103,133+3.7%
20113,208+2.4%
20123,283+2.3%
20133,358+2.3%
20143,419+1.8%
20153,466+1.4%
20163,534+2.0%

The people of Alénya are called Alényanais.

Sites of interest[edit]

  • The Sainte-Eulalie-et-Sainte-Julie church, built from 1593.
  • The Ortaffa medieval house.
  • The Pedra Martina, a medieval boundary stone.
  • The Pompe Bonne, an old fountain.
  • The former castle and Saint-Martin church of Boaça, both medieval and once located to the west of Alénya, were destroyed in 1974 to build a summer camp.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Alénya History (in French)
  3. ^ Jean-Pierre Pélissier, Paroisses et communes de France : dictionnaire d'histoire administrative et démographique, vol. 66 : Pyrénées-Orientales, Paris, CNRS, 1986
  4. ^ Légifrance, Décret n°2014-262 du 26 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département des Pyrénées-Orientales.