Alțâna

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Alțâna
Commune
Location of Alțâna, Sibiu
Location of Alțâna, Sibiu
Alțâna is located in Romania
Alțâna
Alțâna
Location of Alțâna, Sibiu
Coordinates: 45°55′41″N 24°27′44″E / 45.92806°N 24.46222°E / 45.92806; 24.46222Coordinates: 45°55′41″N 24°27′44″E / 45.92806°N 24.46222°E / 45.92806; 24.46222
Country  Romania
County Sibiu County
Status Commune
Founded 1291 (first official record)
Government
 • Mayor Brezaie Vasile (Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total 83.32 km2 (32.17 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 1,621
 • Density 19.5/km2 (51/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 557005
Website http://www.cjsibiu.ro/ro/altana.php

Alțâna (German: Alzen; Hungarian: Alcina) is a commune in the north of Sibiu County, central Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania. It is composed of three villages: Alțâna, Benești (Bägendorf; Bendorf) and Ghijasa de Sus (Obergesäß; Felsőgezés).

Alțâna was one of the most important villages of the Transylvanian Saxon seat of Nocrich.

History[edit]

In 1910 the Agnita to Sibiu railway line was completed with at station at Alțâna and Benești; however, the line was closed in 2001. An active restoration group has since been formed aiming to restore the entire line to working condition.[1]

Name[edit]

The legend says that the first German villagers were led by ten "greavi". These ten men counseled in the matter of how should they name the settlement and each of them wanted to use their name. In the end, they decided to name it Alzen, which means "all ten".[1]

Natives[edit]

  • Sir Alexander Cockburn, 12th Baronet, English lawyer, politician and judge
  • Adolf Gottschling (1841-1918), a professor at the Brukenthal College in Sibiu and one of the pioneers of meteorology in Transylvania [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sibiu Agnita Railway Group". Retrieved 2 December 2015.