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Location of Alțâna, Sibiu
|Founded||1291 (first official record)|
|• Mayor||Brezaie Vasile (Democratic Party)|
|• Total||83.32 km2 (32.17 sq mi)|
|• Density||19.5/km2 (51/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
Alțâna (German: Alzen; Hungarian: Alcina) is a commune in the north of Sibiu County, central Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania. It is composed of three villages: Alțâna, Benești (Bägendorf; Bendorf) and Ghijasa de Sus (Obergesäß; Felsőgezés).
In 1910 the Agnita to Sibiu railway line was completed with at station at Alțâna and Benești; however, the line was closed in 2001. An active restoration group has since been formed aiming to restore the entire line to working condition.
The legend says that the first German villagers were led by ten "greavi". These ten men counseled in the matter of how should they name the settlement and each of them wanted to use their name. In the end, they decided to name it Alzen, which means "all ten".
- Sir Alexander Cockburn, 12th Baronet, English lawyer, politician and judge
- Adolf Gottschling (1841-1918), a professor at the Brukenthal College in Sibiu and one of the pioneers of meteorology in Transylvania 
- "Sibiu Agnita Railway Group". Retrieved 2 December 2015.
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