Khirbat al-'Umur

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Khirbat al-'Umur
Khirbat al-'Umur is located in Mandatory Palestine
Khirbat al-'Umur
Khirbat al-'Umur
Arabic خربة العمور
Name meaning from Amorite[1]
Subdistrict Jerusalem
Coordinates 31°47′37″N 35°05′56″E / 31.79361°N 35.09889°E / 31.79361; 35.09889Coordinates: 31°47′37″N 35°05′56″E / 31.79361°N 35.09889°E / 31.79361; 35.09889
Palestine grid 159/133
Population 270[2][3] (1945)
Area 4,163 dunams
Date of depopulation October 21, 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Giv'at Ye'arim[5]

Khirbat al-'Umur was a Palestinian Arab village in the Jerusalem Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1948 Palestine war by the Har'el Brigade of Operation ha-Har. It was located 12 km west of Jerusalem on the Wadi al-Ghadir.

History[edit]

An Ottoman village list from about 1870 showed that chirbet el-'amur had a population of 69, with a total of 13 houses, though the population count included men, only. It also noted that it was located south of Abu Ghosh, and east of Saris.[6]

In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described El Ammur as "A small hamlet on the slope above a deep valley. There is a fine perennial spring below on the south ('Ain Mahtush). There are olives beneath the village."[7]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Kherbet al-'Amur had a population of 137 Muslims,[8] increasing in the 1931 census to 187 Muslims, in 45 houses.[9]

In 1945, the village had a population of 270 Muslims,[2] while the total land area was 4,163 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[3] Of this, 497 dunams were used for plantations and irrigable land, 1,279 for cereals,[10] while 10 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, pp. 283, 268
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 25
  3. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 57
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xx, village #350. Also gives cause of depopulation, with a "(?)"
  5. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 321
  6. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 150
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 16
  8. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Jerusalem, p. 14
  9. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 44
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 103
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 153

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]