Al-Baydawi

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Nasir al-Din al-Baydawi
TitleAl-Baydawi
Personal
Died685 AH (1286 CE)[3]
ReligionIslam
DenominationSunni
JurisprudenceShafi'i[1]
CreedAshari[2]
Main interest(s)Tafsir
Notable work(s)The Lights of Revelation and the Secrets of Interpretation
Muslim leader

Nasīr al-Dīn Abū al-Khayr 'Abd Allāh ibn 'Umar al-Bayḍāwī (Arabic: ناصر الدين أبو الخير عبد الله بن عمر بن محمد البيضاوي‎), also known as Baidawi, was an Islamic scholar, born in Fars, where his father was chief judge, in the time of the Atabek ruler Abu Bakr ibn Sa'd (1226–60). He himself became a judge in Shiraz, and died in Tabriz about 1286. Many commentaries have been written on Baidawi's work. He was also the author of several theological treatises.[4]

His major work is the commentary on the Qur'an entitled The Lights of Revelation and the Secrets of Interpretation (Anwar al-Tanzil wa-Asrar al-Ta'wil)'. This work is largely a condensed and amended edition of al-Zamakhshari's (al-Kashshaf). That work, which displays great learning, suffers from Mu'tazilite views which al-Baydawi has tried to amend, sometimes by refuting them and sometimes by omitting them.[5][6] In addition to drawing heavily from al-Kashshaf, al-Baydawi's tafsir also relied on the tafsirs of Fakhr al-Din al-Razi and al-Raghib al-Isfahani.[7] It has been edited by Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer (2 vols., Leipzig, 1846-1848; indices ed. W. Fell, Leipzig, 1878). A selection with numerous notes was edited by D. S. Margoliouth as Chrestomathia Beidawiana (London, 1894).[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Esposito, John L. (2004). The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Oxford University Press. p. 39. ISBN 0195125592.
  2. ^ Esposito, John L. (2004). The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Oxford University Press. p. 39. ISBN 0195125592.
  3. ^ Gibb, H.A.R.; Kramers, J.H.; Levi-Provencal, E.; Schacht, J. (1986) [1st. pub. 1960]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume I (A-B). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 1129. ISBN 9004081143.
  4. ^ a b Thatcher 1911.
  5. ^ Gibb, H.A.R.; Kramers, J.H.; Levi-Provencal, E.; Schacht, J. (1986) [1st. pub. 1960]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume I (A-B). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 1129. ISBN 9004081143.
  6. ^ Thatcher 1911 cites cf. Th. Nöldeke's Geschichte des Qorans, Göttingen, 1860, p. 29
  7. ^ Muhammad Husayn, al-Dhahabi (2000). التفسير والمفسرون. Cairo, Egypt: Maktabah Wahbah. pp. 1/212.

References[edit]

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainThatcher, Griffithes Wheeler (1911). "Baiḍāwī". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 214. This in turn cites:
    • C. Brockelmann, Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur (Weimar, 1898), vol. i. pp. 416–418.