Al-Butaymat

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Al-Butaymat
Al-Butaymat is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Butaymat
Al-Butaymat
Arabic البطيمات
Name meaning "the place with the terebinths."[1]
Also spelled Buteimat, al-Buteimat
Subdistrict Haifa
Coordinates 32°33′12″N 35°5′38″E / 32.55333°N 35.09389°E / 32.55333; 35.09389Coordinates: 32°33′12″N 35°5′38″E / 32.55333°N 35.09389°E / 32.55333; 35.09389
Palestine grid 159/217
Population 110[2][3] (1945)
Date of depopulation May 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Fear of being caught up in the fighting
Current localities Gal'ed[5] Former: Regavim[6]

Al-Butaymat (Arabic: البطيمات‎‎, El Buteimât) was a Palestinian Arab village the Haifa Subdistrict, located 31 kilometers (19 mi) southeast of Haifa. It was depopulated during the 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on May 1, 1948 under the Battle of Mishmar HaEmek.

History[edit]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) found "traces of ruins" here.[7]

A Haifa man, named Mustafa al-Khalil acquired land in among other places, Al-Butaymat, in the late Ottoman era.[8]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, ‘’Al Buteimat’’ had a population 137, all Muslims,[9] decreasing in the 1931 census to 112 Muslims, in a total of 29 houses.[10]

In 1945 the village had a population of 110 Muslims,[2] and they had 3,832 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey.[3] Of this, 8 dunams were for plantations and irrigable land, 2,508 for cereals,[11] while 4 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[12]

In 1945 Gal'ed was established on what was traditionally village land.[5]

1948, aftermath[edit]

Benny Morris gives May 1948 as depopulation date, and "Fear of being caught up in the fighting" as the cause, but with a question mark.[4][13][14][15][16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 154
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 13
  3. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 47
  4. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p. xviii village #156. Also gives cause of depopulation, but cause indicated in brackets by a question mark.
  5. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p. 157
  6. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xx, settlement #15, July, 1948. Moved to the land of Qannir in 1949.
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 71
  8. ^ Yazbak, 1998, p. 142
  9. ^ Barron, 1923, Table xi, Sub-district of Haifa, p. 34
  10. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 89
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 89
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 139
  13. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 132
  14. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 314
  15. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 350
  16. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 406

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]