Al-Daraqutni

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Al-Daraqutni
الدارقطني
TitleAmir al-Mu'minin fi al-Hadith
Born306 A.H.
Baghdad
Died385 A.H.
OccupationMuhaddith, Hadith compiler, Islamic scholar
ReligionIslam
DenominationSunni
JurisprudenceShafi'i[1]
CreedAsh'ari[2]
Main interest(s)Hadith studies
Notable work(s)Kitab al-Sunan

Abu l-Hasan ′Ali ibn ′Umar ibn Ahmad ibn Mahdi ibn Mas′ud ibn al-Nu′man ibn Dinar ibn ′Abdullah al-Baghdadi al-Daraqutni (918 CE/306 AH, Baghdad — 995 CE/385 AH) was an eminent Muslim scholar and muhaddith (collector of hadiths).

Ad-Daraqutni was born in the year 918 (306 according to the Muslim calendar) in the Dar al-Qutn quarter of Baghdad (Arabic: دار القطن‎), where he got his nisba al-Daraqutni. Since childhood, he studied with Abul-Qasim al-Baghawi, Abu Bakr ibn Abu Dawud, Abu Bakr ibn Ziyad al-Naysaburi, Abu Ubaid al-Qasim (his brother) and many other scholars.

His learning was so wide that many scholars felt there was no one like him. Khatib al-Baghdadi referred to him as "the imam of his time" and Abu'1-Tayyib al-Tabari (d. 450/1058) called him Amir al-Mu'minin in Hadith for which he was specially famous. He taught Hadith to Hakim al-Nishaburi (d.405/1014) and Abu'l-Hasan Isfaraini (d. 406/1015).[3]

He died in 385/995 and was buried in the cemetery of Bab al-Dayr near the grave of Maruf Karkhi.[3]

His works[edit]

Among other works, Al-Daraqutni has written the following:

  • “Sunan al-Daraqutni”
  • “al-Mutalif wa-l-Mukhtalif”
  • “Ilal al-Hadith”
  • “at-Tatabbu′”

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brown, Jonathan (2013). The Canonization of al-Bukhari and Muslim: The Formation and Function of the Sunni Hadith Canon (Islamic History and Civilization). Brill. p. 138. ISBN 9004158391.
  2. ^ Dhahabi, Imam. Siyar 'Alam al-Nubala [ed. Shu'ayb al-Arnaut]. 17. p. 558.
  3. ^ a b c d e Lewis, B.; Pellat, Ch.; Schacht, J. (1991) [1st. pub. 1965]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume I (C-G). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 136. ISBN 9004070265.