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Abu ‘Amr Hafs Ibn ‘Umar Ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz al-Baghdadi, better known as Al-Duri (150-246AH),[1][2] was a significant figure in the transmission of the Qira'at, or methods of reciting the Qur'an.[3][4] Of the seven canonical reciters, al-Duri was a transmitter for two entirely separate methods: that of Abu 'Amr ibn al-'Ala' and that of Al-Kisa'i.[5][6] He was an indirect disciple of the latter due to a generational gap and a direct disciple of the former.[7] Learned men were said to have traveled from various different countries to learn both Qur'an recitation as well as Hadith from him.[3] Among his students in recitation were his contemporaries Muhammad bin Dawud al-Zahiri and Niftawayh.[8]

Al-Duri was born in Samarra in the year 767CE,[7] died in Baghdad during the month of Shawwal in the year 860CE.[2][4][7] Though he was born and grew up in Samarra, his roots were traced to his city of death and he was a member of the Arabian tribe of Azd.[3] A simple and pious man, he lost his sight in his old age.[3]


  1. ^ Muhammad Ghoniem and MSM Saifullah, The Ten Readers & Their Transmitters. (c) Islamic Awareness. Updated January 8, 2002; accessed April 11, 2016.
  2. ^ a b Shady Hekmat Nasser, Ibn Mujahid and the Canonization of the Seven Readings, p. 129. Taken from The Transmission of the Variant Readings of the Qur'an: The Problem of Tawaatur and the Emergence of Shawaadhdh. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2012. ISBN 9789004240810
  3. ^ a b c d Ibn Khallikan, Deaths of Eminent Men and History of the Sons of the Epoch, vol. 4, pg. 401. Trns. William McGuckin de Slane. Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 1843.
  4. ^ a b Alfred Felix Landon Beeston, Arabic Literature to the End of the Umayyad Period, pg. 244. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983. ISBN 9780521240154
  5. ^ Theodor Nöldeke, Friedrich Schwally, Gotthelf Bergsträsser and Otto Pretzl. The History of the Qur'an, pg. 530. Ed. Wolfgang H. Behn. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2013. ISBN 9789004228795
  6. ^ Imām ibn Kathīr al-Makkī. © 2013 Prophetic Guidance. Published June 16, 2013. Accessed April 13, 2016.
  7. ^ a b c Peter G. Riddell, Early Malay Qur'anic exegical activity, p. 164. Taken from Islam and the Malay-Indonesian World: Transmission and Responses. London: C. Hurst & Co., 2001. ISBN 9781850653363
  8. ^ Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari, History of the Prophets and Kings, trans. Franz Rosenthal. Vol. 1: General Introduction and From the Creation to the Flood, pg. 58. Albany: SUNY Press, 1989.