Al-Fu'ah

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Al-Fu'ah
الفوعة
Village
Al-Fu'ah is located in Syria
Al-Fu'ah
Al-Fu'ah
Coordinates: 35°58′54″N 36°42′6″E / 35.98167°N 36.70167°E / 35.98167; 36.70167
Country Syria
GovernorateIdlib
DistrictIdlib
SubdistrictBinnish
Population (2004)[1]
 • Total10,264
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Al-Fu'ah (Arabic: الفوعة‎, also spelled al-Fouaa and al-Fo'ua) is a town in northern Syria, administratively part of the Idlib Governorate, located northeast of Idlib. Nearby localities include Kafriya to the west, Maarrat Misrin to the northwest, Zardana to the north, Taftanaz to the northeast, Ta'um to the east and Binnish and Sarmin to the south. The plain surrounding al-Fu'ah is well known for growing olives and figs.[2]

According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of 10,264 in the 2004 census.[1] The inhabitants were predominantly Shia Muslims.[3][4]

History[edit]

Medieval period[edit]

During the Crusades, the town was a barrier fortress of the Principality of Antioch.[5] However, after the capture of Baldwin II of Edessa, the inhabitants of al-Fu'ah and nearby Maarrat Misrin and Sarmin revolted against their Crusader rulers in 1104, inflicting heavy casualties against their troops.[6] The town was later captured by Fakhr al-Mulk Radwan in 1104.[5] Aq Sunqur of Mosul occupied al-Fu'a, along with Sarmin, in 1126.[6]

Al-Fu'ah was visited by Syrian geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi in the early 13th-century, during Ayyubid rule. He noted that it was a "large village in the neighborhood of Halab. From it the convent called Dair Fu'ah takes its name."[7]

In the late 13th-century, the town was mentioned by Syrian geographer Abu'l-Fida, who described the town as a celebrated place in the plain of Aleppo. He noted that, "on this plain are grown quantities of olive, fig and other trees."[8]

Syrian Civil War[edit]

While most towns in the Idlib Governorate came under the control of anti-government rebels during the Syrian Civil War, al-Fu'ah and the nearby town of Kafriya constituted an isolated pro-government enclave.[3] According to the Syrian Center for Documentation, in April 2012 rebels kidnapped eleven members of the Governmental Scientific Research Center in al-Fu'ah.[9] In July 2012 a rebel unit kidnapped three Shia Muslim civilians from the town for the stated purpose of exchanging them for anti-aircraft weaponry. In response, some of al-Fu'ah's residents kidnapped 32 Sunni Muslims from nearby Taftanaz, Saraqib and Binnish. After two weeks of negotiations, all captives were safely released.[4]

On 18 September 2015, al-Fu'ah was badly damaged, following a suicide bombing with an armoured vehicle full of explosives from Uzbek-led militant group Imam Bukhari Jamaat, an affiliate of al-Qaeda.[10]

The town was placed under siege by rebels, and on 11 January 2016, the International Committee of the Red Cross and the World Food Programme organised an aid convoy to deliver food, medicine and other aid to the town and nearby village Kafriya.[11]

On 19 July 2018, residents of Fua and Kafriya and government fighters stationed in the two besieged towns were evacuated by buses to government-controlled Aleppo under an agreement between Iran, the Syrian government, and Hayat Tahrir al-Sham, with Turkey as a mediator. Following the evacuation, the emptied towns were declared as a military zone by HTS.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b General Census of Population and Housing 2004 Archived 2013-02-06 at the Wayback Machine.. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Idlib Governorate. (in Arabic)
  2. ^ Azoo, 1916, p. 209.
  3. ^ a b Al-Khalidi, Suleiman. Syrian rebels say gain ground as grip of army weakens. Reuters. 2012-07-27.
  4. ^ a b Abouzeid, Rania. Going Rogue: Bandits and Criminal Gangs Threaten Syria’s Rebellion. TIME. 2012-07-30.
  5. ^ a b Setton; Baldwin, ed., 2006, p. 390.
  6. ^ a b Houtsma, 1987, p. 58.
  7. ^ le Strange, 1890, p. 440.
  8. ^ le Strange, 1890, p. 441.
  9. ^ April 2012-04-29, Syrian Crisis Updated. Syrian Center for Documentation. Voltaire Network. 2012-04-29.
  10. ^ "The Last Moments Of A Suicide Bomber In Syria". Radio Free Europe. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  11. ^ Kareem Shaheen (11 January 2016). "Trucks from aid convoy enter besieged Syrian town of Madaya". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  12. ^ "Rebel siege of two Shiite-majority Idlib towns ends with total evacuation of residents, militiamen". Syria Direct. 19 July 2018.

Bibliography[edit]