Al-Ghazzawiyya

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
al-Ghazzawiyya
al-Ghazzawiyya is located in Mandatory Palestine
al-Ghazzawiyya
al-Ghazzawiyya
Arabic الغزاويه
Also spelled al-Ghazawiya, Arab al Ghazawiya tribe (Morris), Arab Abu Hashiya (Frantzman)
Subdistrict Baysan
Coordinates 32°30′08″N 35°32′30″E / 32.50222°N 35.54167°E / 32.50222; 35.54167Coordinates: 32°30′08″N 35°32′30″E / 32.50222°N 35.54167°E / 32.50222; 35.54167
Palestine grid 200/212
Population 1,020[1][2] (1945)
Area 18,408[2] dunams
18.4 km²
Date of depopulation May 20, 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall
Current localities Neve Eitan, Maoz Haim

Al-Ghazzawiyya (Arabic: الغزاويه‎‎), was a former Palestinian village located 2 kilometers east of the city of Bet Shean (Bisan). In 1945, the population was 1,640, 1,020 Arab and 620 Jewish.[4]

History[edit]

Several archeological sites in the area testify to a long history of human occupancy. The village was surrounded by the archeological sites of Tall-al Barta to the north, Tall al-Husn to the west, and Tall al-Maliha to the southwest. Excavations of Tall al-Husn showed an occupational history extending from the third millennium BC to the eighth century CE, when the site was occupied by an Arab village.[5]

British Mandate era[edit]

In modern times, the village spread over a wide area of the Baysan valley. The villagers were members of the al-Ghazzawiyya Beduin tribe, who constituted the bulk of the valley's population together with members of the al-Bashatiwa and the al-Suqur.[4] In the 1931 census, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, 'Arab Abu Hashiya had 156 Muslim inhabitants, and a total of 29 houses.[6]

In 1944/45, a total of 13 dunums of village land was used for citrus and bananas, 5,185 dunums were used for cereals, 34 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards,[7][8] while 91 dunams were classified as non-cultivable land.[9]

1948 and aftermath[edit]

It was captured by Israel's Golani Brigade on May 20, 1948 during Operation Gideon, an Israeli offensive during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. The Arab population was forced to flee to nearby Syria or the present-day West Bank.[10]

The Jewish localities of Maoz Haim and Neve Eitan are built on the lands of the former village, though a large percentage of it is used as agricultural land, in particular the wheat crop. According to Walid Khalidi, the village contained an archaeological site, Tell al-Ru'yan which was transformed into waste dump.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 6
  2. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 43
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvii, village #134. Gives depopulation cause as (?) (C)
  4. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p. 48
  5. ^ Khalidi, 1992, pp. 48–49
  6. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 77
  7. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 49
  8. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p.84
  9. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 134
  10. ^ a b Al-Ghazzawiyya: Town Statistics and Facts

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]