Al-Ghubayya al-Fawqa

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Al-Ghubayya al-Fawqa
Al-Ghubayya al-Fawqa is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Ghubayya al-Fawqa
Al-Ghubayya al-Fawqa
Arabic الغبية الفوقا
Also spelled Ghubayya al Fauqa[1]
Subdistrict Haifa
Coordinates 32°36′5″N 35°9′5″E / 32.60139°N 35.15139°E / 32.60139; 35.15139Coordinates: 32°36′5″N 35°9′5″E / 32.60139°N 35.15139°E / 32.60139; 35.15139
Palestine grid 164/223
Population 1130[2][3] (1945)
Date of depopulation April 8–9, 1948[1]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces

Al-Ghubayya al-Fawqa was a Palestinian Arab village in the Haifa Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on April 8, 1948, during the Battle of Mishmar HaEmek. It was located 28 km southeast of Haifa.

History[edit]

Al-Ghubayya al-Fawqa in historical context

During the early Ottoman era, in 1596 the village appeared under the name of Gubayya in the tax registers, being part of the nahiya (subdistrict) of Sahil Atlit in the Sanjak (district) of Lajjun. It had a population of 39 households; an estimated 215 people, all Muslim. They paid a fixed tax-rate of 25% on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, summer crops, goats and beehives, and water buffaloes; the taxes totalled 21,690 akçe.[4][5]

Al-Ghubayya al-Fawqa shared an elementary school built by the Ottomans in 1888 with the nearby villages of al-Ghubayya-al-Tahta and al-Naghnaghiyya. The school was later closed during the British Mandate period. The village had its own mosque.[5]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Ghabba al-Fuqa had a population of 41 Muslims.[6] In the 1931 census, the two al-Ghubayya village were counted together, and the total population was 200 Muslims, in 38 houses.[7]

In 1945 the population was counted with the neighbouring al-Ghubayya-al-Tahta and al-Naghnaghiyya, and together they had a population of 1,130 Muslims,[2] with a total of 12,139 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey.[3] Of this, 209 dunams were for plantations and irrigable land, 10,883 for cereals,[8] while a total of 1,047 dunams were non-cultivable land.[9]

1948 and aftermath[edit]

On 8 and 9 April 1948, the Haganah raided al-Ghubayya al-Fawqa, al-Ghubayya-al-Tahta and Khirbet Beit Ras, and proceeded to blow them up in the following days.[10] The report on 9 April from the Golani Brigade stated that they were "preparing to destroy the villages when we evacuate them."[11] They destroyed al-Ghubayya al-Fawqa the following night.[12]

Following the war the area was incorporated into the State of Israel. By 1992 the kibbutz of Mishmar HaEmek was using some of al-Ghubayya al-Fawqa's former land as pastures.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village #150. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 13
  3. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 47
  4. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 157
  5. ^ a b c Khalidi, 1992, p. 160
  6. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Haifa, p. 33
  7. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 90
  8. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 90
  9. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 139
  10. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 242; note #598; Morris, 2004, p. 296
  11. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 346; note #28; Morris, 2004, p. 397
  12. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 346; note #29; Morris, 2004, p. 397

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]