Al-Hariri of Basra
Abū Muhammad al-Qāsim ibn Alī ibn Muhammad ibn Uthmān al-Harīrī (Arabic: أبو محمد القاسم بن علي بن محمد بن عثمان الحريري), popularly known as al-Hariri of Basra (1054–1122) was an Arab poet, scholar of the Arabic language and a high government official of the Seljuk Empire.
Born in Basra in modern-day Iraq, he is best known for writing Maqamat al-Hariri (مقامات الحريري, The Assemblies of al-Hariri), a virtuosic display of saj', consisting of 50 anecdotes written in stylized prose, which was once memorized by heart by scholars, and Mulhat al-i'rab fi al-nawh, an extensive poem on grammar. The most famous translation of his maqamat was a German version by the poet and Orientalist Friedrich Rückert as Die Verwandlungen von Abu Serug and sought to emulate the rhymes and wordplay of the original. The main English translation is the nineteenth-century one by Thomas Chenery and Francis Joseph Steingass.
Some of his other works include a book on errors of expression in Arabic, Durrat al-ghawwāṣ fī awhām al-khawaṣṣ. The Assemblies of al-Hariri recounts in the words of the narrator, al-Harith ibn Hammam and al-Hariri's several encounters with artist Abu Zayd al-Saruji.
Editions and translations
- Charles F. Horne, ed., The Sacred Books and Early Literature of the East, (New York: Parke, Austin, & Lipscomb, 1917), Vol. VI: Medieval Arabia, pp. 143-201, http://legacy.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/1100Hariri.asp (contains maqāmāt 1-12)
- Shah, Amina (trans.), The Assemblies of Al-Hariri: Fifty Encounters with the Shaykh Abu Zayd of Serju (London: Octagon, 1980)
- Preston, Theodore (trans.), Makamat or Rhetorical Anecdotes of Al Hariri of Basra, Translated from the Original Arabic with Annotations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1850)
|Arabic Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
|Wikisource has the text of a 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article about Al-Hariri.|
- Maqamat Al-Hariri page
- Maqamat page
- Works by or about Al-Hariri of Basra at Internet Archive
- Works by Al-Hariri of Basra at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- Assemblies of Al-Hariri Shah, Amina. Octagon Press, 78 York Street London
- al-Hariri Encyclopædia Britannica 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. .2008-03-12
- Die Verwandlungen von Abu Serug. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2012-02-04.
- See: Luisa Arvide, Maqamas de Al-Hariri, GEU, Granada 2009 (in Arabic and Spanish).
- The Assemblies of Al-Ḥarîri. Translated from the Arabic with Notes Historical and Grammatical, trans. by Thomas Chenery and F. Steingass, Oriental Translation Fund, New Series, 3, 2 vols (London: Royal Asiatic Society, 1867-98), https://archive.org/details/assembliesofalha015555mbp (vol. 2).
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