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Rhazes NLM copy.jpg
The oldest existing manuscript from Rhazes is this page of Al-Hawi, dated 1094CE, kept at the National Library of Medicine in Bethesda, Maryland.
Publication date
10th century

Al-Hawi or Kitāb al-Ḥāwī fī al-ṭibb translated as The Comprehensive Book on Medicine is a medical composition authored by Rhazes in the 10th century.

It was first translated into Latin in 1279CE under the title Continens by Faraj ben Salīm, a physician of Sicilian-Jewish origin employed by Charles of Anjou.[1]

The oldest partial remaining copy of this work belongs to the National Library of Medicine in Bethesda, Maryland dated 1094 CE.[2]


  1. ^ "Islamic Medical Manuscripts : Catalogue - Encycolopedias".
  2. ^ "Noteworthy: A Look at the Oldest Item in the NLM Collection". 22 June 2010.