Al-Inshiqaq

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Sura 84 of the Quran
الانشقاق
Al-Inshiqaq
The Sundering
ClassificationMeccan
Other namesSplitting Open, The Rending, The Rupture[citation needed]
PositionJuzʼ 30
No. of verses25
No. of Sajdahs1
No. of words108
No. of letters436

Sūrat al-Inshiqāq (Arabic: سورة الانشقاق‎, “The Sundering”, “Splitting Open”) is the eighty-fourth chapter (sura) of the Qur'an with 25 ayat. It mentions details of the Day of Judgment when, according to the chapter, everyone will receive reckoning over their deeds in this world.[1]

Revelation[edit]

According to the Islamic tradition, Al-Inshiqaq was most likely revealed after the 82nd chapter Al-Infitar, and was chronologically one of the last of the Meccan surahs—chapters revealed before Muhammad's migration to Medina.[2]

Hadith[edit]

The first and foremost exegesis/tafsir of the Qur'an is found in hadith of prophet Muhammad.[3] Although scholars including ibn Taymiyyah claim that Muhammad has commented on the whole of the Qur'an, others including Ghazali cite the limited amount of narratives, thus indicating that he has commented only on a portion of the Qur'an.[4] Ḥadīth (حديث) is literally "speech" or "report", that is a recorded saying or tradition of Muhammad validated by isnad; with Sirah Rasul Allah these comprise the sunnah and reveal shariah. According to Aishah,[5][6] the life of Prophet Muhammad was practical implementation of Qur'an.[7][8][9] Therefore, higher count of hadith elevates the importance of the pertinent surah from a certain perspective. According to hadith, whoever wants to see the Qiyamah with his/her eyes should read the verses of At-Takwirr, Al-Infitar and Al-Inshiqaq [10]

  • Imam Ahmad recorded from Ibn Umar that the Messenger of Allah said: “Whoever wishes to look at the Day of Resurrection, as if he is seeing it with this eye, then let him recite: ‘When the sun Kuwwirat’(At-Takwir) and ‘When the heaven is cleft sunder (Al-Infitar) and ‘When the heaven is split asunder.(Al-Inshiqaq)’”[11][12][13]

Content[edit]

The name of the chapter, Al-Inshiqaq, is a noun variously translated as "The Sundering", "The Bursting Asunder", "The Splitting Open", among others. This name comes from the first verse of the chapter which reads When the sky is rent asunder. The verse does not contain the word al-inshiqaq verbatim, but rather it contains a word of the same root. It is a reference to the destruction of the world at the end of days, which the chapter portend. Thematically, the chapter follows a day-of-judgement theme that is present in the preceding chapters, including Al-Infitar (the 82nd chapter) and Al-Mutaffifin (83rd).[2][20][21]

The chapter begins (verses 1 to 5) by mentioning events that will happen on the Day of Judgment, including the sundering of the sky and the flattening of all that is on earth. Verses 6 to 15 talk about the disparity between those who in that day will be "given [their] book in [their] right hand" and have a joyful reckoning, and those who will not. A series of oaths (verses 16—18) followed, and then another contrast between the fate of the believers and the unbelievers in the day of judgment.[22]

Prostration[edit]

According to the hadith, Muhammed had prostrated when reciting this chapter, particularly after the verse 21 which reads ... and that when the Quran is recited unto them, they do not prostrate? Therefore, most Islamic scholars consider this verse one of the 15 verses in the Quran where one prostrates after reciting it. Most Maliki jurists consider it obligatory to prostrate after reciting the verse; Malik ibn Anas —the founder of the Maliki school—was a notable exception.[23][24]

References[edit]

Citation[edit]

  1. ^ Quran Surah Al-Inshiqaaq
  2. ^ a b The Study Quran, p. 1492.
  3. ^ Şatibi, El-muvafakat
  4. ^ Muhsin Demirci, Tefsir Usulü, 120
  5. ^ Grade : Sahih (Al-Albani) صحيح (الألباني) حكم : Reference : Sunan Abi Dawud 1342 In-book reference : Book 5, Hadith 93 English translation : Book 5, Hadith 1337
  6. ^ Al-Adab Al-Mufrad » Dealings with people and good character – كتاب English reference : Book 14, Hadith 308 Arabic reference : Book 1, Hadith 308
  7. ^ Sahih Al- Jami' AI-Saghir, No.4811
  8. ^ Sunan Ibn Majah 2333 In-book reference : Book 13, Hadith 26 English translation : Vol. 3, Book 13, Hadith 2333
  9. ^ Grade : Sahih (Darussalam) Reference : Sunan an-Nasa'i 1601 In-book reference : Book 20, Hadith 4 English translation : Vol. 2, Book 20, Hadith 1602
  10. ^ (Tirmidhi, Tafsir: 81- Ahmad: 2/27, 36,100-5/452)
  11. ^ Jami` at-Tirmidhi Grade : Hasan (Darussalam) English reference : Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3333 Arabic reference : Book 47, Hadith 3653
  12. ^ This is mentioned in Tafsir ibn kathir, Likewise, At-Tirmidhi has also recorded this Hadith.
  13. ^ (Jami` at-Tirmidhi, Tafsir: 81- Ahmad: 2/27, 36,100-5/452)
  14. ^ Sahih Muslim 578 c In-book reference : Book 5, Hadith 139 USC-MSA web (English) reference : Book 4, Hadith 1195 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  15. ^ Sahih Muslim 578 d In-book reference : Book 5, Hadith 140 USC-MSA web (English) reference : Book 4, Hadith 1196 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  16. ^ Sunan Ibn Majah English reference : Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1058 Arabic reference : Book 5, Hadith 1111
  17. ^ Jami` at-Tirmidhi 573 In-book reference : Book 6, Hadith 30 English translation : Vol. 2, Book 1, Hadith 573
  18. ^ Sunan an-Nasa'i 966 In-book reference : Book 11, Hadith 91 English translation : Vol. 2, Book 11, Hadith 967
  19. ^ Sunan Abu Dawud 1407 In-book reference : Book 7, Hadith 7 English translation : Book 7, Hadith 1402
  20. ^ The Study Quran, p. 1493, commentary.
  21. ^ Al-Dargazelli 2013, p. 80.
  22. ^ The Study Quran, pp. 1492–1493.
  23. ^ Muwatta Imam Malik, USC-MSA web (English) reference: Book 15, Number 15.5.12; Arabic reference: Book 15, Hadith 484
  24. ^ The Study Quran, p. 1494, v.21 commentary.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Al-Dargazelli, Shetha (2013). The Names of the Qur'anic Chapters. The Other Press. ISBN 978-967-5062-93-3.
  • Seyyed Hossein Nasr; Caner K. Dagli; Maria Massi Dakake; Joseph E.B. Lumbard; Mohammed Rustom, eds. (2015). The Study Quran: A New Translation and Commentary. New York, NY: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-112586-7.

External links[edit]

Quran Surah Al-Inshiqaaq