Al-Inshiqaq

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Sura 84 of the Quran
الانشقاق
Al-Inshiqaq
The Sundering
Classification Meccan
Other names Splitting Open, The Rending, The Rupture[citation needed]
Position Juzʼ 30
No. of verses 25
No. of Sajdahs 1
No. of words 108
No. of letters 436

Sūrat al-Inshiqāq (Arabic: سورة الانشقاق‎, “The Sundering”, “Splitting Open”) is the eighty-fourth chapter (sura) of the Qur'an with 25 ayat. It mentions details of the Day of Judgment when, according to the chapter, everyone will receive reckoning over their deeds in this world.[1]

Revelation[edit]

According to the Islamic tradition, Al-Inshiqaq was most likely revealed after the 82nd chapter Al-Infitar, and was chronologically one of the last of the Meccan surahs—chapters revealed before Muhammad's migration to Medina.[2]

Content[edit]

The name of the chapter, Al-Inshiqaq, is a noun variously translated as "The Sundering", "The Bursting Asunder", "The Splitting Open", among others. This name comes from the first verse of the chapter which reads When the sky is rent asunder. The verse does not contain the word al-inshiqaq verbatim, but rather it contains a word of the same root. It is a reference to the destruction of the world at the end of days, which the chapter portend. Thematically, the chapter follows a day-of-judgement theme that is present in the preceding chapters, including Al-Infitar (the 82nd chapter) and Al-Mutaffifin (83rd).[2][3][4]

The chapter begins (verses 1 to 5) by mentioning events that will happen on the Day of Judgment, including the sundering of the sky and the flattening of all that is on earth. Verses 6 to 15 talk about the disparity between those who in that day will be "given [their] book in [their] right hand" and have a joyful reckoning, and those who will not. A series of oaths (verses 16—18) followed, and then another contrast between the fate of the believers and the unbelievers in the day of judgment.[5]

Prostration[edit]

According to the hadith, Muhammed had prostrated when reciting this chapter, particularly after the verse 21 which reads ... and that when the Quran is recited unto them, they do not prostrate? Therefore, most Islamic scholars consider this verse one of the 15 verses in the Quran where one prostrates after reciting it. Most Maliki jurists consider it obligatory to prostrate after reciting the verse; Malik ibn Anas —the founder of the Maliki school—was a notable exception.[6][7]

References[edit]

Citation[edit]

  1. ^ Quran Surah Al-Inshiqaaq
  2. ^ a b The Study Quran, p. 1492.
  3. ^ The Study Quran, p. 1493, commentary.
  4. ^ Al-Dargazelli 2013, p. 80.
  5. ^ The Study Quran, pp. 1492–1493.
  6. ^ Muwatta Imam Malik, USC-MSA web (English) reference: Book 15, Number 15.5.12; Arabic reference: Book 15, Hadith 484
  7. ^ The Study Quran, p. 1494, v.21 commentary.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Quran Surah Al-Inshiqaaq