Al-Jama'a al-Islamiyya (Lebanon)

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Islamic Group

الجماعة الإسلامية
LeaderAzzam Al-Ayyoubi
Founded1964; 56 years ago (1964)
HeadquartersLebanon Beirut, Lebanon
IdeologySunni Islamism
Pan-Islamism
Social conservatism
Political positionCentre-right to right-wing
ReligionSunni Islam
National affiliationIndependent
International affiliationMuslim Brotherhood
Parliament of Lebanon
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Website
Official Site

The Islamic Group (Arabic: الجماعة الإسلاميةAl-Jama'ah Al-Islamiyah) is a Sunni Islamist political party in Lebanon. Jamaa Islamiya was founded in 1964 as the Lebanese branch of the Muslim Brotherhood. In fact, it was established by young members of 'Ibad al Rahman (or the Worshipers of the Merciful). Its origins, as documented by Nizar Hamzeh, go back to the height of Gamal Abdel Nasser's efforts at Arab unity in the mid-1960s.[1] It supports the idea of establishing a legal order in Lebanon that is based on Islamic shari'a. As a local branch it closely follows the doctrines of the Muslim Brotherhood.[1] Fathi Yakan was the group's grandfather and main ideologue who is a veteran Islamist scholar and preacher from Tripoli.[1]

Its current leader is Ibrahim Al-Masri, who succeeded its former leader Faisal Mawlawi due to sickness. Lately, it entered the 2009 Lebanese general election beside Future Movement in Beirut 3 district. Currently they have no seats in the Lebanese Parliament.[2][3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Saab, Bilal Y.; Magnus Ranstorp (2007). "Securing Lebanon from the Threat of Salafist Jihadism" (PDF). Studies in Conflict and Terrorism. 30: 825–855. doi:10.1080/10576100701561236. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
  2. ^ A. Nizar Hamzeh "Islamism in Lebanon: A Guide to the Groups", Middle East Quarterly, 1997, 4, pp. 47-53.
  3. ^ Kamal Shayya, Rania Sabaayon, Ghassan Makarem, Makram Kamel, Mustafa Hazim "Islamic Movements in Lebanon", Masar Association, Aِugust 2009.
  4. ^ Gary C. Gambill "ISLAMIST GROUPS IN LEBANON", Middle East Review of International Affairs, 2007, 11.