Repairs to the crumbling structure of the main courtyard of the mosque and its surrounding rooms were carried out in three phases, spanning a period of four months, before the end of 2007. The project entailed the stripping off of the old crumbling walls throughout the courtyard, the addition of various reinforcements to the walls and ceilings, as well as maintenance on the electrical wirings throughout the mosque. Once the inner structure was completed, the floors and walls were then plated in various kinds of marble. Updates to the cooling units of the mosque began in late 2008, and new water filtration units were installed on November 28, 2008.
Construction on the new ladies entrance to the mosque, that is Bāb al-Fāṭimah (Arabic: بَـاب الـفَـاطِـمَـة), began in late 2008, along with the construction work for new rooms to the mosque meant for serving refreshments to pilgrims.
Among the earliest of repairs done to the mosque, after the fall of the regime of Saddam Hussein, were repairs done to one of the entrance gates of the mosque known as Bāb al-Qiblah (Arabic: بَـاب الـقِـبـلَـة). The gate and the outer wall had to be entirely refurbished because of the severe neglect they had withstood, and took seven months to complete, having started in early September 2006.
A car bomb killed at least 24 people and wounded 46 others, many of them Shiite pilgrims. The explosion occurred about 100 yards from Bab al-Dirwaza, one of the main gates to the shrine.
January 4, 2009
A male suicide bomber dressed as a woman, killed 38 and injured 72 Shia pilgrims as they were preparing for ‘Āshūrā'.
April 8, 2009
7 people were killed and 23 others were wounded after a bomb that was left in a plastic bag near the mosque detonated.
April 24, 2009
Two female suicide bombers killed at least 66 people and wounded 125 others as people were heading towards the mosque for Friday prayers.
May 2, 2016
A triple car bomb series goes off. At least 21 pilgrims are killed and 45 injured. The pilgrims were commemorating the martyrdom of Imam Musa Al-Kadhim. Immediately after the blasts terrorists group ISIS claim the responsibility.