Children of Al-Kafrayn, around 1937
|Name meaning||"The two villages"|
|Also spelled||Kafrin, al-|
|Date of depopulation||12–13 April 1948|
|Cause(s) of depopulation||Military assault by Yishuv forces|
Al-Kafrayn (Arabic: الكفرين) was a Palestinian village in the Haifa Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on 12 April 1948 as part of the Battle of Mishmar HaEmek. It was located 29.5 km southeast of Haifa.
The Crusaders referred to al-Kafrayn as Caforana.
A population list from about 1887 showed that Kefrein had about 485 inhabitants, all Muslim.
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Al Kufrain had a population 571; 569 Muslims, and 2 Orthodox Christians, increasing in the 1931 census to 657, all Muslims, in a total of 95 houses.
In 1945, the village had a population of 920 Muslims. and the total land area was 10,882 dunams. Of the land, 147 dunams was for plantations and irrigable land, 9,776 dunums (2,416 acres) for cereals, while 18 dunams were built-up (urban) land.
1948 and aftermath
Following the war the area was incorporated into the State of Israel. An Israeli military training camp was later built on the village's land.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 147
- Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village #155. Also gives cause of depopulation
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 14
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 48
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 42
- Schumacher, 1888, p. 180
- Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Haifa, p. 34
- Barron, 1923, Table XVI, p. 49
- Mills, 1932, p. 92
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 90
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 140
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Schumacher, G. (1888). "Population list of the Liwa of Akka". Quarterly statement - Palestine Exploration Fund. 20: 169–191.
- Welcome To al-Kafrayn
- al-Kafrayn, Zochrot
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 8: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- al-Kafrayn, from the Khalil Sakakini Cultural Center
- Response to "Chronicles of a Piece of Jewelry" by Eitan Bronstein, Hakkibutz, Feb. 8, 2007, Zochrot
- Tour of Kafrayn, 10.2.07, Zochrot
- Booklet about Kafrayn, downloadable, from Zochrot