Al-Kafrayn

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Al-Kafrayn
PikiWiki Israel 343 Settlements in Israel ילדי האריסים הערביים.jpg
Children of Al-Kafrayn, around 1937
Al-Kafrayn is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Kafrayn
Al-Kafrayn
Arabic الكفرين
Name meaning "The two villages"[1]
Also spelled Kafrin, al-[2]
Subdistrict Haifa
Coordinates 32°34′25″N 35°07′08″E / 32.57361°N 35.11889°E / 32.57361; 35.11889Coordinates: 32°34′25″N 35°07′08″E / 32.57361°N 35.11889°E / 32.57361; 35.11889
Palestine grid 161/219
Population 920[3][4] (1945)
Area 10,882[4] dunams
Date of depopulation 12–13 April 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces

Al-Kafrayn (Arabic: الكفرين‎‎) was a Palestinian village in the Haifa Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on 12 April 1948 as part of the Battle of Mishmar HaEmek. It was located 29.5 km southeast of Haifa.

History[edit]

The Crusaders referred to al-Kafrayn as Caforana.

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1859, Kefrein was estimated to have a population of 200, who cultivated 30 feddans.[5]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as "a village of moderate size, on the west side of the watershed, with a spring on that side."[5]

A population list from about 1887 showed that Kefrein had about 485 inhabitants, all Muslim.[6]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Al Kufrain had a population 571; 569 Muslims,[7] and 2 Orthodox Christians,[8] increasing in the 1931 census to 657, all Muslims, in a total of 95 houses.[9]

In 1945, the village had a population of 920 Muslims.[3] and the total land area was 10,882 dunams.[4] Of the land, 147 dunams was for plantations and irrigable land, 9,776 dunums (2,416 acres) for cereals,[10] while 18 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[11]

1948 and aftermath[edit]

Following the war the area was incorporated into the State of Israel. An Israeli military training camp was later built on the village's land.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 147
  2. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village #155. Also gives cause of depopulation
  3. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 14
  4. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 48
  5. ^ a b Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 42
  6. ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 180
  7. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Haifa, p. 34
  8. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XVI, p. 49
  9. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 92
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 90
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 140

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]