Al-Khunayzir

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Al-Khunayzir
Al-Khunayzir is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Khunayzir
Al-Khunayzir
Arabic الخنيزر
Name meaning Tell el Khaneizîr, the mound of the swine[1]
Also spelled Arab al Khuneizir[2]
Subdistrict Baysan
Coordinates 32°25′17″N 35°31′20″E / 32.42139°N 35.52222°E / 32.42139; 35.52222Coordinates: 32°25′17″N 35°31′20″E / 32.42139°N 35.52222°E / 32.42139; 35.52222
Palestine grid 199/203
Population 260[3][4] (1945)
Area 3,107[4] dunams
Date of depopulation May 20, 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall
Current localities Tirat Zvi[5]

Al-Khunayzir (Arabic: الخنيزر‎‎), was a Palestinian Arab village in the District of Baysan. It was depopulated by the Israel Defense Forces during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, on May 20, 1948. It was attacked as part of Operation Gideon.

History[edit]

In 1881, it was named as Tell el Khaneizîr, meaning the mound of the swine.[1]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the Mandatory Palestine authorities, Kunaizir had a population of 83; all Muslims,[6] increasing in the 1931 census to 200 Muslims, in a total of 47 houses.[7]

In 1945, the population was 260 Muslims,[3] with a total of 3,107 dunams of land.[4] Of this, 36 dunams were for citrus and bananas, 1,658 for plantations and irrigated land, 256 for cereals,[8] while 34 dunams were non-cultivable land.[9]

1948, and aftermath[edit]

In 1992 it was described: "The only remaining landmarks is a cemetery on Tall Abu al-Faraj (199/203), north of the site. To the north and the west of this tell are the springs of 'Uyun Umm al-Faraj and 'Ayn al-Khanazir. Most of the village site and the land around it are covered with palm trees."[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Palmer, 1881, p. 169
  2. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p. xvii, village #131. Also gives cause of depopulation
  3. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 6
  4. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 43
  5. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p. 54
  6. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, p. 31
  7. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 79
  8. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 85
  9. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 135

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]