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Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic الكوم
 • Also spelled al-Kum-al-Muwarraq-Beit Maqdum-Humsa (official)
al-Kum is located in the Palestinian territories
Location of al-Kum within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°31′52.44″N 34°57′38.31″E / 31.5312333°N 34.9606417°E / 31.5312333; 34.9606417Coordinates: 31°31′52.44″N 34°57′38.31″E / 31.5312333°N 34.9606417°E / 31.5312333; 34.9606417
Governorate Hebron
Founded Early 19th-century
 • Type Village council (from 1996)
 • Head of Municipality Musharraf Rajoub[1]
 • Jurisdiction 7,000 dunams (7.0 km2 or 2.7 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 2,568
Name meaning Kh. el Kôm: the ruin of heaps[2] Kh. el Mûrak: the ruin the leafy place[3] Beit Makdûm: the house of Makdûm, personal name[4]

Al-Kum (Arabic: الكوم‎‎, officially known as al-Kum-al-Muwarraq-Beit Maqdum-Humsa) is a Palestinian village in the southern West Bank, part of the Hebron Governorate and located 13 kilometers west of Hebron. Its municipal borders stretch from the border with Israel in the west to boundaries of the city of Dura in the east.[5] It had a population of 2,568 in the 2007 census by the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics.[6]


In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine found at Kh. el Kôm "traces of ruins and caves on a white hill-top." It further described it as "rather a large ruin."[7] Khurbet el Murak was described as "caves and two large foundations",[8] while at Beit Makdûm they noted "cisterns, caves, foundations, and walls, apparently an old site."[9]

The modern village was formed as a result of a 1995 merger between the villages of al-Kum, al-Muwarraq, Beit Maqdum and Humsa, with al-Kum being the largest and in the middle of the latter three. Al-Kum and Beit Maqdum were founded sometime in the early 19th century during Ottoman rule in Palestine. Most of the residents of the four villages were migrants from nearby Dura or Palestinian refugees who fled there following the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. The principal families are Rajoub, al-Awawda and al-Sharha. Following the founding of the modern village, a six-member village council was established to administer its affairs and provide some municipal services.[5]

The primary health care facilities for the village are at al-Kum designated by the Ministry of Health as level 1. Close by is Deir Sammit where the primary healthcare facilities are at level 2.[10]


  1. ^ al-Kum Municipality. Jerusalem Media and Communications Center (JMCC).
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 400
  3. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 401
  4. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 389
  5. ^ a b Al Kum, Al Muwarraq, Beit Maqdum, Humsa Village Profile. Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem (ARIJ). 2009.
  6. ^ 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 358
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 360
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 324
  10. ^ West Bank Health care Archived 2006-03-13 at the Library of Congress


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