|• Also spelled||al-Kum-al-Muwarraq-Beit Maqdum-Humsa (official)|
|• Type||Village council (from 1996)|
|• Head of Municipality||Musharraf Rajoub|
|• Jurisdiction||7,000 dunams (7.0 km2 or 2.7 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||Kh. el Kôm: the ruin of heaps Kh. el Mûrak: the ruin the leafy place Beit Makdûm: the house of Makdûm, personal name|
Al-Kum (Arabic: الكوم, officially known as al-Kum-al-Muwarraq-Beit Maqdum-Humsa) is a Palestinian village in the southern West Bank, part of the Hebron Governorate and located 13 kilometers west of Hebron. Its municipal borders stretch from the border with Israel in the west to boundaries of the city of Dura in the east. It had a population of 2,568 in the 2007 census by the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics.
In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine found at Kh. el Kôm "traces of ruins and caves on a white hill-top." It further described it as "rather a large ruin." Khurbet el Murak was described as "caves and two large foundations", while at Beit Makdûm they noted "cisterns, caves, foundations, and walls, apparently an old site."
The modern village was formed as a result of a 1995 merger between the villages of al-Kum, al-Muwarraq, Beit Maqdum and Humsa, with al-Kum being the largest and in the middle of the latter three. Al-Kum and Beit Maqdum were founded sometime in the early 19th century during Ottoman rule in Palestine. Most of the residents of the four villages were migrants from nearby Dura or Palestinian refugees who fled there following the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. The principal families are Rajoub, al-Awawda and al-Sharha. Following the founding of the modern village, a six-member village council was established to administer its affairs and provide some municipal services.
- al-Kum Municipality. Jerusalem Media and Communications Center (JMCC).
- Palmer, 1881, p. 400
- Palmer, 1881, p. 401
- Palmer, 1881, p. 389
- Al Kum, Al Muwarraq, Beit Maqdum, Humsa Village Profile. Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem (ARIJ). 2009.
- 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).
- Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 358
- Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 360
- Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 324
- West Bank Health care Archived 2006-03-13 at the Library of Congress
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1883). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 3. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Welcome to Kh. Bayt Maqdum
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 21: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Al Kum-Al Muwaraq-Beit Maqdum-Humsa village (fact sheet)
- Al Kum, Al Muwarraq, Beit Maqdum, Humsa village profile
- Al Kum aerial photo
- The priorities and needs for development in Al Kum, Al Muwarraq, Humsa and Beit Maqdum villages based on the communities and local authorities’ assessment