Al-Lubban al-Gharbi

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al-Lubban al-Gharbi
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic اللبّن الغربيّ
 • Also spelled al-Lubban al-Gharbiya (official)
al-Lubban (unofficial)
al-Lubban al-Gharbi from the north
al-Lubban al-Gharbi from the north
al-Lubban al-Gharbi is located in the Palestinian territories
al-Lubban al-Gharbi
al-Lubban al-Gharbi
Location of al-Lubban al-Gharbi within Palestine
Coordinates: 32°02′04″N 35°02′22″E / 32.03444°N 35.03944°E / 32.03444; 35.03944Coordinates: 32°02′04″N 35°02′22″E / 32.03444°N 35.03944°E / 32.03444; 35.03944
Palestine grid 153/160
Governorate Ramallah & al-Bireh
Government
 • Type Village council
Area
 • Jurisdiction 9,694 dunams (9.7 km2 or 3.7 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 1,476
Name meaning "The milk-white spot of Rentis"[1]

Al-Lubban al-Gharbi (Arabic: اللبّن الغربيّ‎) is a Palestinian village in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate, located 21 kilometers northwest of Ramallah in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the village had a population of 1,476 inhabitants in 2007.[2]

Al-Lubban al-Gharbi has a total land area of 9,694 dunams, of which 335 are built-up area. Most of the remaining land is either grown with olive and almond orchards or open for continued expansion of the village. However, the Israeli West Bank barrier will separate 59% of Lubban al-Gharbi's land from the village's urban area.[3][unreliable source?] The village's infrastructure facilities include an elementary school a kindergarten, and two clinics.

Location[edit]

Al Lubban al Gharbi is located (horizontally) 21.2 km north-west of Ramallah. It is bordered by Bani Zeid and 'Abud to the east, Deir Ballut to the north, Rantis and Israel to the west, and 'Abud to the south.[4]

History[edit]

The village is located at an ancient site on the slopes of a hill.[5] Potsherds from the IA I-II (apparently the 10th and early 9th centuries B.C.E.), have been found, and from the IA II, Persian, Roman, Byzantine/Umayyad, Crusader/Ayyubid, Mamluk and early Qttoman era.[6]

There are remains of ancient buildings, the stones of which have been reused in some the village's inhabited houses. In the courtyard of the village mosque are the bases of five columns that may have formed part of a chapel. Also in the village are cisterns carved into the rock, and on the slopes of a neighboring hill to the southwest, there are tombs and grottos carved into the rock.[5] The village has been identified with Beit Laban in the Talmud, a place known for its wines.[7]

Al-Lubban al-Gharbi has also been identified with the Crusader Luban, or Oliban, mentioned in connection with nearby Casale St. Maria.[8]

Ottoman era[edit]

The village was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the tax registers under the name Lubban al-Kafr. It was located in the Nahiya of Jabal Qubal of the Liwa of Nablus, with a population of 29 Muslim households. The villagers paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on various agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, summercrops, olives, goats and beehives in addition to "occasional revenues"; a total of 6,954 akçe.[9]

In 1838, it was noted as a Muslim village, Lubban Rentis, in Jurat Merda, south of Nablus.[10]

French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village in 1863, and noted that "The houses appear to be very ancient, and present the particularity that many of them form together a continued whole, as if they were all one house, now divided among separate families. A quantity of ancient materials may be observed in the walls."[11] He further noted that the village had 300 inhabitants.[12]

In 1882 Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP), the village, (called "Lubban Rentis"), was described a being small, and situated on a knoll beside a Roman road.[13]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Lubban had a population 221 inhabitants, all Muslims,[14] increasing in the 1931 census when the village, with the name Al-Lubban or Lubban Rantis, had 60 occupied houses and a population of 298 Muslims.[15]

In 1945 the population of El Lubban was 340, all Muslims,[16] who owned 9,854 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey.[17] 1,411 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 1,118 used for cereals,[18] while 6 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[19]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Al-Lubban al-Gharbi came under Jordanian occupation, before Jordan annexed the West Bank in 1950.

The Jordanian census of 1961 found 602 inhabitants in Lubban.[20]

1967-present[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Al-Lubban al-Gharbi has been under Israeli occupation. 2.9% of village land is classified as Area B, the remainder 97.1% is Area C. Israel has confiscated land from Al-Lubban al-Gharbi in order to construct the Israeli settlements of Beit Aryeh and Ofarim.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 238
  2. ^ 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p. 112
  3. ^ Al Lubban Al Gharbi Village feels the threat of the Israeli Segregation Wall, POICA, 2006-03-18
  4. ^ Al Lubban al Gharbi Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 4
  5. ^ a b Dauphin, 1998, p. 822
  6. ^ Finkelstein, 1997, p. 245
  7. ^ Neubauer, 1868, p. 82; cited in Finkelstein, 1997, p. 245
  8. ^ Röhricht, 1893, RHH, pp. 258-260, No. 983; cited in Finkelstein, 1997, p. 245
  9. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 132
  10. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 126
  11. ^ Guérin, 1875, pp. 112-113, as translated in Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 360
  12. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 112
  13. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 286
  14. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramleh, p. 22
  15. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 21
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 30
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 67
  18. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 116
  19. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 166
  20. ^ Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 24
  21. ^ Al Lubban al Gharbi Village Profile, ARIJ, pp. 15–16

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]