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The Table Spread with Food
|Position||Juzʼ 6 to 7|
|Hizb number||11 to 13|
|Number of Rukus||16|
|Number of verses||120|
|Number of Sajdahs||none|
Surat al-Maʼida (Arabic: سورة المائدة, "The Table" or "The Table Spread with Food") is the fifth chapter of the Quran, with 120 verses. It is a Medinan sura. The sura's topics include animals which are forbidden, Isa (Jesus') and Musa's (Moses) missions.
This verse has a Parenthetical Sentence "This day have those who disbelieve despaired of your religion, so fear them not, and fear Me. This day have I perfected for you your religion and completed My favor on you and chosen for you Islam as a religion.." This verse was revealed at Arafat as reported in the authentic hadith: Narrated 'Umar bin Al-Khattab:Once a Jew said to me, "O the chief of believers! There is a verse in your Holy Book Which is read by all of you (Muslims), and had it been revealed to us, we would have taken that day (on which it was revealed as a day of celebration." 'Umar bin Al-Khattab asked, "Which is that verse?" The Jew replied, "This day I have perfected your religion For you, completed My favor upon you, And have chosen for you Islam as your religion." (5:3) 'Umar replied,"No doubt, we know when and where this verse was revealed to the Prophet. It was Friday and the Prophet was standing at 'Arafat (i.e. the Day of Hajj)."-Bukhari
These verses have been quoted to denounce killing, by using an abbreviated form such as, "If anyone slays a person, it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people".The use of this rephrasing has been criticised.
Verse 54 is one of three verses in the Qur'an that includes the word Irtiddah, relevant to apostasy . It is also interesting in relation to who the "beloved" are; some hadith view it as being Abu Musa al-Ashari.
The Shi'ah view
In this verse, God used the singular form "waliyyukum" implying the "wilayah" (Guardianship of the believers) is a single project. In other words, the "wilayah" of the Messenger and that of the Ali springs from the root of God's wilayah. The word "wali" in the context of this verse cannot mean "friend" because there is not a single verse in the Qur'an where God says that anyone of His Messengers is a friend or helper of their followers. Further if the verse implied "wilayah" in the sense of friend or helper, then the singular form "waliyyukum" would not have been used but the plural form "awliya'ukum" would be appropriate because the "friendship" of God is unique.
Sunnis tend to view this with differing views
A beggar came up to 'Ali and stood beside him. He was kneeling in prayer. He ('Ali) pulled out his ring and he gave the ring to the beggar. Then 'Ali called on the Prophet and told him the news. At this occasion, this verse was revealed to him: (Surely your (helping) friend is Allah and His Messenger and (along with them) are the believers who establish prayers, pay zakah and bow down (in humility before Allah). Allah's Messenger read out the verse and said: One who has me as his master has 'Ali as his master. O Allah! Be his friend who befriends him ('Ali) and be his enemy who is his enemy.
Shi'as tend to view this as Sahih
The Quran: An Encyclopedia says, "The Quran’s objection to Christian practice is Christianity’s shirk, its worship of Jesus, Mary and the saints ‘in derogation of Allah’. There is no justification in believing in the Trinity, for Jesus never would have condoned such a concept".
Verses 87 is reported in Sahih Bukhari to be related to Mut'ah.
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- Ahadith In Praise Of The Ash`Aris
- The Ghadir Declaration, By Dr. Tahir al-Qadiri, Page 48 & 49   Archived October 20, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- Hesham Azmy. "Noorullah Website - Exposing Fallacies". Archived from the original on 2009-10-25.
- Leaman, Oliver, ed. (2006). "The Qur'an: an Encyclopedia" (PDF). Routledge. pp. 144–145. ISBN 0-415-32639-7. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
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