Mafraq Governorate

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Mafraq Governorate (محافظة المفرق)
Governorate
Mafraq in Jordan.svg
Mafraq Governorate
Country Jordan
Cities Ruwaished, Safawi
Capital Mafraq
 - coordinates 32°16′0″N 36°9′20″E / 32.26667°N 36.15556°E / 32.26667; 36.15556Coordinates: 32°16′0″N 36°9′20″E / 32.26667°N 36.15556°E / 32.26667; 36.15556
Area 26,551 km2 (10,251 sq mi)
Population 300,300 (2012)
Density 11.3/km2 (29/sq mi)
Governor Saleem Rawahneh
Timezone GMT +2
 - summer (DST) +3
Area code +(962)2
Urban 39.2%
Rural 60.8%

Mafraq (Arabic محافظة المفرق Al-Mafraq, local dialects Mafrag or Mafra' ) is one of the governorates of Jordan, located to the north-east of Amman, capital of Jordan. It has a population of 287,300 (2010 estimate)[1] making up 4.5% of Jordan's population. Its capital is Mafraq, which is known for its military bases.

History[edit]

The city hall of the town of Khalediyya
Nahias of Mafraq

Many Roman and Byzantine sites have been found throughout the governorate, most notably churches dating to the third century AD; believed to be two of the oldest purpose built churches in Christianity: and Roman water dams in Jawa, Ruwaished, and the city of Mafraq. The Jawa Dam is the oldest known dam in the world, dating back to 3000 B.C. Mafraq city also contains a Roman fort.

During the British mandate period, Mafraq housed military facilities which are still in use today. The fifth division of the Jordanian Army is stationed in Mafraq.

Geography[edit]

The province is located in the eastern part of the kingdom of Jordan. It is the only governorate in Jordan that has borders with three countries: Iraq to the east, Syria to the north, and Saudi Arabia to the south. It is bordered by Irbid and Jerash governorates to the west, and by Zarqa governorate to the south.

Mafraq governorate covers the second largest area in the kingdom, but yet the second smallest population density (after Ma'an). The climate is dry most of the year. The western region of the province is part of the fertile Houran plateaus, that extend through southern Syria, the Golan heights and northern Jordan. The eastern region is part of the barren Syrian Desert. At the eastern edge of the region is the 940m high Jebel 'Aneiza (or 'Unayzah), at the border tripoint between Jordan, Iraq and Saudi Arabia.[2][3][4]

The Governorate is connected to Iraq through the Karameh Border Crossing, and to Syria through the Jabir Border Crossing.

Demographics[edit]

The population of Mafraq Governorate according to the census of 2004 was 244,188 of whom 30% is considered urban and 70% is rural. Jordanian citizens made up about 94% of the population. The Jordanian Department of Statistics population estimate for the year 2010 is 287,300 with a female to male ratio of 48.17 to 51.83 and a population density of 10.8 persons per km2. In 2011 and 2012, the civil war in Syria resulted in the immigration of more than 180,000 Syrian refugees to Jordan, mostly settled in Mafraq and Irbid Governorates. In July 2012, the Zaatari refugee camp was opened in Mafraq Governorate for Syrian refugees.

Demographics of Mafraq Governorate 2004 Census [5] 2011 Estimate
Female to male ratio 48.0% to 52.0% 48.18% to 51.82%
Jordanian citizens to foreign nationals 93.9% to 6.1% N/A
Urban population 30.0% 39.2%
Rural population 70.0% 60.8%
Total population 244,188 293,700

The population of districts according to census results:[6]

District Population
(Census 1994)
Population
(Census 2004)
Population
(Census 2015)
Mafraq Governorate 178,914 244,188 549,948
Badiah Shamaliyah District (Al-Bādīah ash-Shamāliyah) ... 57,706 99,231
Badiah Gharbiyah District (Al-Bādīah al-Gharbiyah) ... 74,965 247,031
Rwaished District (Ar-Rwaīshed) 10,032 9,805 7,490
Mafraq Qasabah District (Qaṣabah al-Mafraq) ... 101,712 196,196

Administrative divisions[edit]

Mafraq Governorate is divided into four districts (liwa)[7] and fourteen sub-districts (qda):[8]

District Arabic Name Subdivisions Towns/villages Administrative Center Population
Census 2004
Population
estimate 2008
1 Mafraq Capital (Mafraq Casabah) District لواء قصبة المفرق Mafraq Sub-District

Bal'ama Sub-District
Irhab Sub-District
Manshiyah Sub-District

72 Mafraq city. 101,712 114,550
2 Ruwaishid District لواء الرويشد Rwaished District 12 Ruwaished 9,805 11,040
3 North Badiya (Badiah Shamaliyah) District لواء البادية الشمالية Salhiya Sub-District

Sabha Sub-District
Um Al-Jemal Sub-District
Dair Al Kahf Sub-District
Om-Elqotain Sub-District

67 Sabh 57,706 64,990
4 West Badiya (Badiah Gharbiyah) District لواء البادية الشمالية الغربية Badiyah Gharbiyah Sub-District

Serhan Sub-District
Hosha Sub-District
Khaldiyah Sub-District

45 Sama as-Sarhan قلايدالخيل 74,965 84,420

Economy[edit]

Agriculture forms a central element of the economy for Mafraq Governorate, especially in the Houran Plateau in the western part of the province. The total area of fruit farms in the province in 2008 was 48.676 km2, with a total production of 101874 tons of fruits mainly apples and peaches, according to the ministry of Agriculture.[9] The total area of vegetable farms in the province for 2008 was 8.295 km2 with a total production of 15540 tons, with cabbage, onions, garlic, and lettuce being the main products.[10]

There is one natural gas production field at Al-Reeshah, it is run by the Jordanian National Petroleum Company. In 2008, British Petroleum purchased the rights to produce natural gas in the field, and is expected to increase its capacity from 21 cubic feet (0.59 m3) to 300 million cubic feet per day in the next five years. The natural gas produced at Al-Reeshah is used entirely for producing electricity at a nearby electricity generating station with a capacity of 120 Megawatts, covering 12% of the total needs of the kingdom for the year 2008.[11]

The city of Mafraq hosts Al al-Bayt University, which is the only university in the governorate.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ DOS Jordan
  2. ^ Wagner, Wolfgang (2011). Groundwater in the Arab Middle East. New York: Springer. p. 141. ISBN 9783642193514. Retrieved 2 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "Jebel 'Aneiza, Saudi Arabia". geographic.org. Retrieved 2 February 2017. 
  4. ^ Philip's world atlas. (New ed.). London: George Philip. 2003. p. 44. ISBN 0540084085. 
  5. ^ Jordan National Census of 2004 Table 3-1
  6. ^ "Jordan: Administrative Division, Governorates and Districts". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  7. ^ District subdivisions are in accord with article 10 of the 46th Administrative Divisions System of the Kingdom of Jordan promulgated by the Ministry of Interior and ratified in the year 2000.
  8. ^ "Population of the Kingdom" (PDF). 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 January 2017. 
  9. ^ Ministry of Agriculture Total area of trees by province report of 2008
  10. ^ Ministry of Agriculture, Table of the total area of vegetables by province report of 2008
  11. ^ Asharq Alawsat newspaper September 5, 2009
  12. ^ Al al-Bayt University