Al-Mansur Nasir al-Din Muhammad

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Nasir al-Din Muhammad
Al-Mansur
Sultan of Egypt
Reign29 November 1198 – February 1200
PredecessorAl-Aziz Uthman
SuccessorAl-Adil I
Born1189
Diedafter 1216
DynastyAyyubid Dynasty
FatherAl-Aziz Uthman
ReligionIslam

Al-Mansur Nasir al-Din Muhammad (Arabic: المنصور ناصر الدين محمد بن العزيز‎; 1189 – after 1216) was the third Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt, reigning in 1198–1200.

Biography[edit]

The grandson of the Ayyubid dynasty's founder, Saladin, al-Mansur succeeded his father al-Aziz Uthman on the latter's death in 1198, at the age of twelve.[1] A struggle subsequently ensued between different military factions as to who should serve as his atabeg al-asakir or commander in chief, and effective regent. One faction, the Salahiyya or mamluks of Saladin, wanted Saladin's brother al-Adil to take on this role, as he was viewed as able and experienced. The other faction, the Asadiyya mamluks of Saladin's uncle Asad ad-Din Shirkuh favored Saladin's eldest son, al-Afdal.[2]

In the struggle which followed al-Afdal had the initial advantage of being based in Egypt, while al-Adil was in Syria. Al-Afdal was duly proclaimed atabeg. War broke out between them and al-Afdal attacked Damascus, but he soon lost the advantage and in February 1200 (Rabi' II 596), al-Adil entered Cairo. Within days he had removed the name of al-Mansur in the Friday prayer khutbah and replaced it with his own, thereby deposing al-Mansur.[3]

After his deposition al-Mansur was exiled to Aleppo in Syria. There, he lived in the court of his uncle, Emir az-Zahir Ghazi, who, in 1216, placed him in the line of succession for the emirate should his own sons predecease him. Nothing further is known of al-Mansur.

References[edit]

  1. ^ A History of the Crusades: The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades by Steven Runciman, p.81
  2. ^ Humphreys, R. S., From Saladin to the Mongols, The Ayyubids of Damascus 1183-1260, SUNY Press 1977 p.110
  3. ^ Humphreys, R. S., From Saladin to the Mongols, The Ayyubids of Damascus 1183-1260, SUNY Press 1977 p.116
Al-Mansur Nasir al-Din Muhammad
Born: 1189 Died: after 1216
Regnal titles
Preceded by
al-Aziz Uthman
Sultan of Egypt
29 November 1198 – 1200
Succeeded by
al-Adil I