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Mosque and pebble-collection zone at Muzdalifah
Mosque and pebble-collection zone at Muzdalifah
Muzdalifah is located in Saudi Arabia
Location of Mudalifah
Coordinates: Coordinates: 21°23′33″N 39°56′16″E / 21.39250°N 39.93778°E / 21.39250; 39.93778
Country Saudi Arabia
 • Regional GovernorKhalid bin Faisal Al Saud
Time zoneUTC+3 (Arabia Standard Time)

Muzdalifah (Arabic: مُزْدَلِفَة‎) is an open, level area near Mecca in Saudi Arabia that is associated with the Ḥajj (Arabic: حَجّ‎, "Pilgrimage").[1][2][3][4] It lies just southeast of Mina, on the route between Mina and Arafat.


The stay at Muzdalifah is preceded by a day at Arafat, consisting of glorifying Allāh (Arabic: ٱلله‎, "The God") repeating the Du‘ā’ (Arabic: دُعَاء‎, Supplication), repentance to Allah, and asking Him for forgiveness. At Arafat, Ẓuhr (Arabic: ظُهْر‎) and ʿAṣr (Arabic: عَصْر‎) prayers are performed in a combined and abbreviated form during the time of Zuhr. After sunset on the ninth day of the Islamic month of Dhūl-Ḥijjah (Arabic: ذُو الْحِجَّة‎), Muslim pilgrims travel to Muzdalifah, sometimes arriving at night because of over-crowding. After arriving at Muzdalifah, pilgrims pray the Maghrib (Arabic: مَغْرِب‎) and ‘Ishā’ (Arabic: عِشَاء‎) prayers jointly, whereas the Isha prayer is shortened to 2 rakats. At Muzdalifah, pilgrims collect pebbles for the Stoning of the Devil (Arabic: رَمِي الْجَمَرَات‎, romanizedRamī al-Jamarāt, lit. 'Stoning of the Place of Pebbles').[5][6][7]

The Sacred Monument[edit]

Mosque of Al-Mash‘ar Al-Ḥarām (The Sacred Monument)

The open-roofed mosque at Muzdalifah is known as "The Sacred Monument"[1][2][3][4] (Arabic: ٱلْمَشْعَر الْحَرَام‎, romanizedAl-Mash‘ar Al-Ḥarām).[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Long, David E. (1979). "2: The Rites of the Hajj". The Hajj Today: A Survey of the Contemporary Pilgrimage to Makkah. pp. 11–24. ISBN 0873953827. With thousands of Hajjis, most of them in motor vehicles, rushing headlong for Muzdalifah, the potential is t ... There is special grace for praying at the roofless mosque in Muzdalifah called al-Mash'ar al-Haram (the Sacred Grove) ...
  2. ^ a b Danarto (1989). A Javanese pilgrim in Mecca. p. 27. ISBN 0867469390. It was still dark when we arrived at Muzdalifah, four miles away. The Koran instructs us to spend the night at al-Mash'ar al-Haram. the Sacred Grove at Muzdalifah, as one of the conditions for the hajj . We scrambled out of the bus and looked ...
  3. ^ a b Jones, Lindsay (2005). Encyclopedia of religion. 10. Macmillan Reference USA. p. 7159. ISBN 0028657438. The Qur'an admonishes: "When you hurry from Arafat, remember God at the Sacred Grove (al-mash' ar al-haram)," that is, at Muzdalifah (2:198). Today a mosque marks the place in Muzdalifah where pilgrims gather to perform the special saldt ...
  4. ^ a b Ziauddin Sardar; M. A. Zaki Badawi (1978). Hajj Studies. King Abdul Aziz University. Jeddah: Croom Helm for Hajj Research Centre. p. 32. ISBN 0856646814. Muzdalifah is an open plain sheltered by parched hills with sparse growth of thorn bushes. The pilgrims spend a night under the open sky of the roofless Mosque, the Sacred Grove, Al Mush'ar al-Haram. On the morning of the tenth, all depart ...
  5. ^ Burton, Richard Francis (1857). Personal Narrative of a Pilgrimage to El Medinah and Meccah. p. 226. The word jamrah is applied to the place of stoning, as well as to the stones.
  6. ^ Abū Dāʼūd (1984). Sunan Abu Dawud: Chapters 519-1337. Sh. M. Ashraf. 1204. Jamrah originally means a pebble. It is applied to the heap of stones or a pillar.
  7. ^ Hughes, Thomas Patrick (1995) [1885]. Dictionary of Islam. p. 225. ISBN 978-81-206-0672-2. Literally "gravel, or small pebbles." The three pillars [...] placed against a rough wall of stones [...]
  8. ^ Quran 2:129 (Translated by Yusuf Ali)

External links[edit]