Al-Menbar Islamic Society

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Al-Menbar Islamic Society

جمعية المنبر الوطني الإسلامي
LeaderAli Ahmed Abdulla
HeadquartersMuharraq
IdeologySunni Islamism
Salafism
ReligionSunni Islam
International affiliationMuslim Brotherhood
Council of Representatives
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Shura Council
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Website
almenber.bh
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Al Menbar National Islamic Society (Arabic: جمعية المنبر الوطني الإسلامي‎, literally "Islamic National Tribune") is the political wing of the Sunni Islamist Al Eslah Society in Bahrain and Bahrain's branch of the Muslim Brotherhood.[1] The president and patron of the Al Eslah Society is Shaikh Isa bin Mohammed Al Khalifa, a member of the Al Khalifa royal family and former labor minister of Bahrain.[2] Prominent members of Al Menbar include Salah Abdulrahman, Salah Al Jowder, and outspoken MP Mohammed Khalid. The party has generally backed government-sponsored legislation on economic issues, but has sought a clampdown on pop concerts, sorcery and soothsayers.[citation needed] Additionally, it has strongly opposed the government's accession to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.[3]

A Sunni Islamic party, it is well organised through a network of mosques and seek to promote a conservative social agenda while not directly challenging the Kingdom's government. It became a political society in 2006. Bahrain does not allow political parties by traditional definition. Before that it was merely a think tank and public affair society.

The group often cooperates with the salafi political bloc Asalah, especially on issues involving religious affairs and morals. Minbar seeks a personal status law that conforms to Sharia and is acceptable to both sects.[1] At times, Al Menbar has seemed significantly more liberal than either the pro-business Independent Bloc and Asalah, particularly in its opposition to proposed legislation that it argues would restrict freedom of assembly. In February 2006, Al Menbar led parliament's refusal to ratify the government's signature of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, with the party's president, Dr Salah Alli, explaining, "[The Convention] means that Muslims could convert to another religion, something against the Islamic law."[4] In the 2006 election they have worked out a deal with Asalah to avoid splitting the Sunni Islamist vote.

On the issue of women's political rights in Bahrain, Al Menbar MP Ali Ahmed told the Bahrain Tribune (26 January 2006):

Granting women their political rights is not against Islamic precepts. Women should be motivated to achieve their aspirations and contribute to the Kingdom’s development. We support women’s political empowerment and want to field the best women who can win. We believe that having a female head of state or president is against religious regulations, but any post below that is open to women.[citation needed]

In 2006's general election, the party promised to field several female candidates, with eye specialist Dr Haifa Al Mahmood apparently selected; however after an electoral pact was worked out with Asalah, which opposes women candidates, Al Menbar produced an all-male list of candidates. The party has though backed women's rights activists' campaign for the introduction of a unified personal status law, which was vehemently opposed by Shia Islamists.

Electoral history[edit]

The group won three seats in the Bahraini Council of Representatives (parliament) in the 2002 election, seven seats at the 2006 election, but only two seats at the 2010 election and one seat at the 2014 election. It did not win any seats at the 2018 election.

Council of Representatives elections[edit]

Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/– Position
2002
3 / 40
Increase 3 Increase 3rd
2006 Salah Abdulrahman
7 / 40
Increase 4 Increase 2nd
2010 5,452
2 / 40
Decrease 5 Decrease 3rd
2014
1 / 40
Decrease 1 Increase 2nd
2018
0 / 40
Decrease 1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bahrain - Political Parties". Global Security. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
  2. ^ "Al-Dhahrani receives copy of Isa bin Mohammed biography". Bahrain News Agency. 7 May 2012.
  3. ^ "Gulf Daily News". Gulf Daily News. 9 March 2009. Retrieved 27 August 2010.
  4. ^ http://www.gulf-daily-news.com/1yr_arc_Articles.asp?Article=136119&Sn=BNEW&IssueID=28339&date=2-22-2006

External links[edit]