Al-Muhdhar Mosque

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Masjid al-Muḥḍār
Masjid al-Miḥḍār
مَسْجِد ٱلْمُحْضَار
مَسْجِد ٱلْمِحْضَار
Minaret Al Muhdhar Mosque Tarim Yemen.jpg
The iconic minaret of Al-Muhdhar Mosque
Religion
AffiliationIslam
RegionHadhramaut, South Arabia
StatusActive
Location
LocationTarim, Hadhramaut Governorate, Yemen
Al-Muhdhar Mosque is located in Yemen
Al-Muhdhar Mosque
Location in Yemen
Al-Muhdhar Mosque is located in Middle East
Al-Muhdhar Mosque
Al-Muhdhar Mosque (Middle East)
Al-Muhdhar Mosque is located in Asia
Al-Muhdhar Mosque
Al-Muhdhar Mosque (Asia)
Geographic coordinates16°3′16.28″N 48°59′54.16″E / 16.0545222°N 48.9983778°E / 16.0545222; 48.9983778Coordinates: 16°3′16.28″N 48°59′54.16″E / 16.0545222°N 48.9983778°E / 16.0545222; 48.9983778
Architecture
Architect(s)Awad Salman Afif al-Tirmi (minaret)
TypeMosque
StyleIslamic
Completed1914
Specifications
Minaret(s)1
Minaret height40 metres (130 ft)
MaterialsAdobe

Al-Muhdar Mosque (Arabic: مَسْجِد ٱلْمُحْضَار‎, romanizedMasjid al-Muḥḍār) or Al-Mihdar Mosque (Arabic: مَسْجِد ٱلْمِحْضَار‎, romanizedMasjid al-Miḥḍār) is one of the historical mosques in the ancient city of Tarim, in the Yemeni province of Hadramaut. It is attributed to Omar Al-Mihdar bin Abdul Rahman Al-Saqqaf, a Muslim leader who lived in the city during the 15th-century.[1][2]

Architecture[edit]

The building is characterized by Islamic geometric design. Its layout consists of an open courtyard surrounded by four corridors, the biggest of which contains the qibla, which is adorned with three exquisite frescoes decorated with geometric, floral and scriptural motifs. In the center of the qibla corridor, there is the iconic minaret, which at about 40 metres (130 feet) high is the highest in the city. It is square-shaped and there is a staircase reaching to the top inside. It was built around 1914 CE (1333 AH), and is built of adobe. This minaret was designed by the architect Awad Salman Afif al-Tirmi, who had already carried out many designs and constructions of clay lattices and domes, and the maintenance and supervision were conducted by Abu Bakr bin Shihab (d. 1345 AH). It is considered as one of the most important architectural sites and destinations for visitors and researchers of the city of Tarim.[3]

Al-Ahqaf Library[edit]

Al-Ahqaf Library occupies the ground floor of the mosque building, which was built to accommodate the need to store the large number of manuscripts in the city of Tarim and neighboring cities. Tarim has been considered as a distinguished Islamic scientific center since the 10th-century in Wadi Hadramaut region.[4][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tarim ... the town of mosques and schools". Yemen Times. November 2005. Archived from the original on 2009-04-16.
  2. ^ "مسجد المحضار". Archived from the original on 2013-09-01. Retrieved 2017-07-27.
  3. ^ "مسجد المحضار..منارة تناطح السحاب من "الطين" بتصميم أحد الشعراء". Poetry News Agency. Archived from the original on 2014-10-07.
  4. ^ Ba Udhan, H. (June 2005). "Tarim at a Glance". Yemen Times. Archived from the original on 2009-04-14.
  5. ^ Breton, J. (June 1986), Manhattan in the Hadhramaut, Saudi Aramco World, pp. 22–27

External links[edit]