|Name meaning||the place of the rubble|
|Date of depopulation||May 16, 1948|
|Cause(s) of depopulation||Influence of nearby town's fall|
Al-Murassas (Arabic: المرصص), was a Palestinian Arab village in the District of Baysan. It was depopulated by the Israel Defense Forces during the 1948 War on May 16, 1948. The village was attacked as part of Operation Gideon.
In 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described the it as "A small village on high ground, entirely built of mud, and standing amid plough-land. The water supply appears to come from the valley beneath (Wady Yebla)."
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the Mandatory Palestine authorities, Murassas had a population of 319 Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 381; 375 Muslims and 6 Christians, in a total of 89 houses.
The village had a population of 460 in 1945; 450 Muslims and 10 Christians, while the total land area was 14,477 dunams. Of this, Arabs used 16 dunums for plantations and irrigable land, 9,897 for cereals, while 16 dunums were classified built–up (urban) land.
In June 6, 1948, a platoon from the Israeli Barak brigade raided Danna, Al-Bira, Kafra, Yubla, Jabbul and Al-Murassas. They would first fire “a few two-inch mortar rounds into its centre,“ then move in. Al-Murassas was found to be empty. The destruction of Al-Murassas was later criticised by a veteran local Israeli leader, who thought that the villagers would have be willing to cooperate with the Yishuv and “allocate part of their lands for our settlements.“
- Palmer, 1881, p. 166
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 6
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 43
- Morris, 2004, p. xvii, village #117. Also gives cause of depopulation.
- Al-Bakhit and al-Hamud, 1989, p. 17; cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 56
- Burckhardt, 1822, pp. 342-343
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 85
- Barron, 1923, Table IX, p. 31
- Mills, 1932, p. 79
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 85
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 135
- Morris, 2004, pp. 261-262, 308
- Morris, 2004, p. 357
- Fischbach, 2012, p. 13
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Burckhardt, John Lewis (1822). Travels in Syria and the Holy Land. London: J. Murray.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Fischbach, Michael R. (2012). Records of dispossession: Palestinian refugee property and the Arab–Israeli conflict (Illustrated ed.). Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-12978-7.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains:The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Welcome To al-Murassas
- al-Murassas, Zochrot
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 9: IAA, Wikimedia commons